# Math 220 Assignment 9 Due November 25th

```Math 220 Assignment 9
Due November 25th
1. Let A and B be finite sets. Prove that |A &times; B| = |A| &times; |B|. Hint: try
induction on |A|.
2. Let A and B be finite sets, and let AB denote the set of functions from B
to A. Prove that |AB | = |A||B| . Hint: Induction on |B|, and note that you
might need to prove a lemma: given b ∈ B, there is a bijection between
AB and A &times; (AB\{b} ).
3. For any real number a 6= 1, and a positive integer n, prove that 1 + a +
n
a2 + &middot; &middot; &middot; + an−1 = 1−a
1−a .
4. Let n be a natural number such that n ≥ 12. Prove that there exists
numbers a, b, c ∈ N such that n = 4a + 6b + 9c. Hint: there will be cases.
Interesting fact: this result states that you can order n ≥ 12 chicken
mcnuggets from McDonald’s by ordering a 4-piece, b 6-piece, and c 9piece containers. You are allowed to use strong induction if you prefer.
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5. Define f : N → R by f (0) = 1 and f (n + 1) = 2 + f (n). Prove that, for
all n, f (n) &lt; 2. Also, prove that, for all n, f (n) &lt; f (n + 1), using induction. Fact: a result from advanced calculus implies then that limn→∞ f (n)
exists, and is at most 2. In that course, you will gain the techniques to
show that the limit is 2.
6. Bonus extra credit: Let A and B be finite sets. How many injective
functions are there from B to A? Prove your result by induction.
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