SECTION 1.3 - SIMPLE RANDOM SAMPLING Definition Random sampling is the process of using chance to select individuals from a population to be included in the sample. Definition A sample of size 8 from a population of size R is obtained through simple random sampling if every possible sample of size 8 has an equally likely chance of occurring. The sample is then called a simple random sample.. Methods for Obtaining an SRS 1. Technology - random number generator 2. Tables - random number table (Table 4) Example 1 Suppose the mayor of Justice, Illinois, asks you to poll the residents of the village. The mayor provides you with a list of the names and phone numbers of the 5,832 residents of the village. Discuss the procedure you would follow to obtain a simple random sample of 20 residents.