4 - The Era of Good Feelings

The Presidency of James Monroe
Era of Good Feelings
Elected in 1816, effectively unopposed
His term in office marks the beginning of the “Era
of Good Feelings”
Nationalism (love for one’s country) was sweeping
the nation
 Victory
in War of 1812
 New generation of war heroes
 American System
American System
Henry Clay’s Theory on Economic Growth
Industrial North – Agricultural South/West
North–Produce Industrial Goods
Provide Market for Agriculture
South – Produce Agriculture
Provide Market for Industry
Necessary Measure for the American
System to work
Protective tariffs
 Improved transportation
 National banking system
Protective Tariffs
Protective Tariff: tax on
goods imported into a
country; designed to make
imports more expensive
than domestic goods
Tariff Act of 1816:
Congress adopted a
mild protective tariff
 Tariff
is strengthened
in 1828
Improved transportation
Building of the
National Road (today
it is I-40)
Construction of canals
$ comes from
protective tariff
Second Bank of the U.S.
The charter of the First Bank of the US expired in
1811 and was not renewed
State banks took over the business of banking and
printing money which makes trade difficult
1816: Congress chartered the Second Bank of the
US with 25 branches
Issues its own paper money which is accepted throughout the
 Starts a two year business boom
Foreign Affairs
Relations with Britain
 Rush-Bagot Agreement (1817)
Britain/Canada and US agree to disarm the Great Lakes
Treaty of 1818
(1) joint occupation of the Oregon Territory for 10 years
 (2) north Boundary of Louisiana Purchase is 49th Parallel
Foreign Relations
Relations with Spain (1817-Florida belonged to Spain)
United States sent Andrew Jackson and a small army down to
the Georgia-Florida border to stop the Indian & outlaw raids
 Jackson is NOT supposed to attack the Spanish.
 So, he invaded Florida
Adams-Onis Treaty (1819)
Spain gave up Florida and Spanish claims to the Oregon Territory
US took $5 million in Spanish debt and agreed to stay out of Texas
Missouri Compromise-1820
Missouri territory is divided in half
 North
of the 36*30’ latitude slavery was banned
(except Missouri) and south of the line slavery was legal
Establishes a precedent that lasts until the Civil War:
states would enter into the Union in pairs-one slave
and one free
Missouri Compromise-1820
Monroe Doctrine
Monroe warns all European powers against
interfering with affairs in the Western Hemisphere
 They
are not to attempt to colonize or overthrow any
newly formed nation
 US would protect the Western Hemisphere
 US would stay out of European affairs
Assignment Today
Political Cartoons
You will each create two political cartoons. Choose
from two of the topics covered in the Era of Good
Feelings. On one side you will create the cartoon
and on the other side you will explain the cartoon.