Mr. Udell Government and Politics Review Sheet—Presidency and Bureaucracy Textbook terms All terns pp. 462& 499 War Powers Resolution Appointment power White House Office Cabinet Capture (of an agency) Chief diplomat Independent Executive Agencies Chief executive Independent Regulatory Agencies Chief legislator Iron triangle Chief of staff Pendleton Act Head of state Privatization Commander in chief Spoils system Diplomatic recognition (recognition power) Expertise Emergency power Clientele Groups Executive Office of the President “Friends in High Places” Executive privilege Accountability Federal Register Oversight Impeachment System of Rules National Security Council (NSC) Impersonality Office of Management & Budget (OMB) Cost-benefit-analysis Signing statement State of the Union message Questions 1. What type of executive did the founders create? What factors or changes in the country have facilitated or required the growth in presidential power? 2. Discuss the evolution of presidential power in the United States. Go on to discuss the formal and informal sources of power available to the president and the importance of each one in relation to Congressional Power. 3. Discuss the reasons for the decline in influence of the cabinet, including its “conflicting loyalty,” and presidential responses to this problem. 4. Describe the need to keep politics separate from administration and the basic traits of a bureaucracy. Describe the history of hiring practices in the federal bureaucracy with regard to the politics and administration split. 5. Explain the independent sources of power available to bureaucrats and how the president, the Congress, and the courts attempt to hold the bureaucracy accountable? How does this relate to politics and administration? 6. What reforms have been used in an attempt to control the bureaucracy?