Review Sheet, Presidency and Bureaucracy Combined

Mr. Udell
Government and Politics
Review Sheet—Presidency and Bureaucracy
Textbook terms
All terns pp. 462& 499
War Powers Resolution
Appointment power
White House Office
Capture (of an agency)
Chief diplomat
Independent Executive Agencies
Chief executive
Independent Regulatory Agencies
Chief legislator
Iron triangle
Chief of staff
Pendleton Act
Head of state
Commander in chief
Spoils system
Diplomatic recognition (recognition power)
Emergency power
Clientele Groups
Executive Office of the President
“Friends in High Places”
Executive privilege
Federal Register
System of Rules
National Security Council (NSC)
Office of Management & Budget (OMB)
Signing statement
State of the Union message
1. What type of executive did the founders create? What factors or changes in the country have facilitated
or required the growth in presidential power?
Discuss the evolution of presidential power in the United States. Go on to discuss the formal and
informal sources of power available to the president and the importance of each one in relation to
Congressional Power.
3. Discuss the reasons for the decline in influence of the cabinet, including its “conflicting loyalty,” and
presidential responses to this problem.
4. Describe the need to keep politics separate from administration and the basic traits of a bureaucracy.
Describe the history of hiring practices in the federal bureaucracy with regard to the politics and
administration split.
5. Explain the independent sources of power available to bureaucrats and how the president, the Congress,
and the courts attempt to hold the bureaucracy accountable? How does this relate to politics and
6. What reforms have been used in an attempt to control the bureaucracy?