Social Psychology UNIT 2 Social Psychology Topics: Social Influence: 1.Types of conformity - Internalisation - Compliance 1. Explanations of independent behaviour - How people resist pressures to conform - How people resist pressures to obey 2. Why do people conform? - Informational social influence and normative social influence - Outline and evaluate research into conformity (Asch and Zimbardo) 3. Obedience - Outline and evaluate Milgram’s study - Two explanations of why people obey Social Influence in everyday life: 2. Social Change - The role of minority influence in social change What is social influence? The process by which an individual’s attitudes, beliefs or behaviours are changed by the presence or action of others. What is conformity? A change in behaviour or belief as a result of real or imagined group pressure OR A tendency for people to adopt the behaviours and attitudes of other members of a valued group What social norms do you conform to? Personal space – don’t stand too close to strangers Social Norms Types of conformity Compliance – publicly conforming to the behaviour or views of others in a group but privately maintaining one’s own views. Identification – Adopting the behaviours of a group both publicly and privately because you value membership of that group. Often temporary and not maintained when leave that group. Internalisation – True change both publicly and privately to match those of the group. The new attitudes become part of their values – not dependent on presence of group. Why do people conform? Normative social influence Informational social influence Read the hand-outs and provide your own summary of the two types of social influence What type of conformity will these lead to??? (internalisation or compliance) Assessment Task 1 Which girl’s behaviour is being influenced by normative social influence Which girl’s behaviour is being influenced by informational social influence? Justify both choices (6 marks) Mark scheme Josie = Normative Social Influence, changing behaviour but not personal attitude: she is doing something (laughing at jokes) just to fit in and be accepted by the group, even though she doesn’t find the jokes funny. Hana = Informational Social Influence, changing behaviour in order to be correct and using group as reference: she wants to be right and is using her colleagues as a source of information. Caitlyn is not experiencing any social influence.