Maths Workshop From Reception – Year 2 Aims: • to share ways in which you can help your child at home and the fun you can have with maths; • to explain some of the methods used in school; • to share some resources that can be used at home. Mental Maths in Reception. Counting in ones, forward and back, from 1 to 20, and later from 0 to 100. •Learning and practising number bonds to 20 •Counting objects or events (e.g. hand-claps, jumps) •Saying or singing number rhymes or counting songs •Rehearsing concepts and skills which have already been introduced or taught (e.g. 1 more/less, perhaps using fingers, or counting on/back) •Practising recall of simple number facts (e.g. that 4 can be split into 3 + 1, 2 + 2, and 4 + 0) •Introducing and using new mathematical vocabulary (e.g. tell me something that is thicker than this book, count the corners of this cube with me...) Mental Maths in Year 1 Counting in ones, twos, fives and tens, forwards and backwards, to and across 100. Counting objects or events (e.g. hand-claps, jumps) Counting groups of objects. Extending their mathematical vocabulary (in Year 1 sometimes with stories) Build on the foundations begun in Reception (e.g. more than/less than, add and takeaway, sharing and groups of) Practising recall of number facts (e.g. number bonds to 10, (then 20), multiples of 10 number bonds to 100, Know the order of the days of the week and months of the year and be able to sequence events. Beginning to learn the names of 2D and 3D shapes. Tell the time to the hour and half past Mental Maths in Year 2 Count in steps of 2, 3, 5 and 10 starting at any number and counting forward and back. Practising recall of number facts (e.g. number bonds to 10 and 20 and linking these to 100, 2 x, 5 x and 10 x times table, Recognise place value for tens and ones (units) Begin to add and subtract numbers mentally using partitioning Recall multiplication and division facts for 2, 5 and 10 Double and halve numbers to 20 Name a wider range of 2D and 3D shapes Addition. Reception: • Use of physical objects- toys, counters, cubes anything! • Focus on 1-1 correspondence • Encourage children to put items into rows • Build up into counting 2 groups • Encourage children to start with biggest group first • Starting from biggest number • Increase numbers- numbers to 10, then 20 and then beyond Addition. Year 1: • Continue to use physical apparatus • Use pictures- mark off those already counted • Use number tracks • Introduce a wider range of vocabulary • Move onto number as an abstract • Use the + and = signs • Add 2 digit numbers to a 1 digit number- use partitioning • Apply to simple word problems Addition. Year 2: • Continue to use physical apparatus, pictures and use number lines and number squares • Use the + and = signs to record clear number sentences. • Understand what = means • Add 2 digit numbers to a 1 digit number, a 2 digit number to 10s and two 2 digit numbers, using portioning • Recognise and use the inverse operation • Apply to word problems Subtraction. Reception: • Use of physical objects- toys, counters, cubes anything! • Focus on 1-1 correspondence • Encourage children to put items into rows • Children physical take objects away • Children to start with biggest group first • Increase numbers- numbers to 10, then 20 and then beyond Subtraction. Year 1: • Continue to use physical apparatus and pictures • Children use number tracks • Use counting on as a way to find the difference • Introduce a wider range of vocabulary • Move onto number as an abstract • Use the - and = signs • Apply to simple word problems Subtraction. Year 2: • Continue to use physical apparatus, pictures, number lines and number squares • Children use place value • Use counting on as a way to find the difference • Introduce a wider range of vocabulary • Move onto number as an abstract • Use the - and = signs • Understand = sign • Apply to simple word problems • Apply number bonds, rules e.g subtracting 10 and add 1 Multiplication and Division Reception. Children will group objects into 2s, 5s, 10s, this is the start of multiplication and division. They will share items amongst themselves and begin to investigate half as a concept. Year 1. Children will link grouping into 2, 5 and 10 to counting patterns. This in turn will help them to answer simple word problems. They will look at repeated addition as well. For division they will group objects using words like: share into 2 groups. Year 2 Children will begin to know 2, 5 and 10 multiplication and division facts. They will also begin to record them as a number sentence using the correct symbols and apply this to solving word problems.