File - The Fish in Prison

-What is the relationship between
story/narrative and dream? Dreaming
and cognition?
-What is the relationship between
story/narrative and science/scientific
And with the shoutyng, whan the song was do
That foules maden at here flyght awey,
I wok, and othere bokes tok me to,
To reede upon, and yit I rede alwey.
I hope, ywis, to rede so som day
That I shal mete som thyng for to fare
The bet, and thus to rede I nyl nat spare.
"All dreams may be classified under five main types: there
is the enigmatic dream, in Greek oneiros, in Latin
somnium; second, there is the prophetic vision, in Greek
horama, in Latin visio; third, there is the oracular dream,
in Greek chrematismos, in Latin oraculum; fourth, there is
the nightmare, in Greek enypnion, in Latin insomnium;
and last, the apparition, in Greek phantasma, which
Cicero, when he has occasion to use the word, calls
--Macrobius, Commentary on the Dream of Scipio
The universe (which others call the Library) is composed of an indefinite and
perhaps infinite number of hexagonal galleries, with vast air shafts between,
surrounded by very low railings.
He also alleged a fact which travelers have confirmed: In the vast Library there are
no two identical books. From these two incontrovertible premises he deduced that
the Library is total and that its shelves register all the possible combinations of
the twenty-odd orthographical symbols (a number which, though extremely
vast, is not infinite): Everything: the minutely detailed history of the future, the
archangels' autobiographies, the faithful catalogues of the Library, thousands
and thousands of false catalogues, the demonstration of the fallacy of those
catalogues, the demonstration of the fallacy of the true catalogue, the Gnostic
gospel of Basilides, the commentary on that gospel, the commentary on the
commentary on that gospel, the true story of your death, the translation of
every book in all languages, the interpolations of every book in all books.
When it was proclaimed that the Library contained all books, the first
impression was one of extravagant happiness. All men felt themselves to be the
masters of an intact and secret treasure. There was no personal or world
problem whose eloquent solution did not exist in some hexagon. The universe
was justified, the universe suddenly usurped the unlimited dimensions of
As was natural, this inordinate hope was followed by an excessive depression. The
certitude that some shelf in some hexagon held precious books and that these precious
books were inaccessible, seemed almost intolerable. A blasphemous sect suggested that
the searches should cease and that all men should juggle letters and symbols until they
constructed, by an improbable gift of chance, these canonical books. The authorities were
obliged to issue severe orders. The sect disappeared, but in my childhood I have seen old
men who, for long periods of time, would hide in the latrines with some metal disks in a
forbidden dice cup and feebly mimic the divine disorder.
On some shelf of some hexagon (men reasoned) there ought to exist a book that may be
the perfect cipher and compendium to all the rest...
I cannot combine certain characters dhcmrlchtdj which the divine Library might not have
foreseen and which do not, in any of its secret languages, entail a terrible meaning. No
one can pronounce a syllable that is not filled with tendernesses and fears, that is not the
powerful name of a god in one of those languages.
I venture to suggest this solution to the ancient problem: The Library is unlimited and
cyclical. If an eternal traveler were to cross it in any direction, after centuries he would see
that the same volumes were repeated in the same disorder (which, thus repeated, would
be an order: the Order). My solitude is gladdened by this elegant hope.
And whan that he [Troilus] was slayn in this manere [that is, by Achilles],
His lighte goost ful blisfully is went
Up to the holughnesse of the eighthe spere,
In convers (converse/opposite side) letyng ("letting" i.e. abandoning) everich element;
And ther he saugh with ful avysement (deliberation, consideration)
The erratik sterres, herkenyng armonye
With sownes ful of hevenyssh melodie.
And down from thennes faste he gan avyse (see, consider)
This litel spot of erthe that with the se
Embraced is, and fully gan despise
This wrecched world, and held al vanite
To respect of the pleyn felicite
That is in hevene above; and at the laste,
Ther he was slayn his lokyng down he caste,
And in hymself he lough right at the wo
Of hem that wepten for his deth so faste,
And dampned al oure werk that foloweth so
The blynde lust, the which that may nat laste,
And sholden al oure herte on heven caste;
And forth he wente, shortly for to telle,
Ther as Mercurye sorted hym to dwelle.
--Chaucer, Troilus and Criseyde Book V.1807-1827)