2- Population Review Document

Review: Population
Vocabulary: Look through the list of vocabulary words below and star any words that look unfamiliar. Then, look up and write
down the definitions of any confusing terms.
Biotic potential
Birth rate
Bottleneck effect
Carrying capacity
Death rate
Density-dependent population
Density-independent population
Exponential Growth
Family Planning
Fertility Rate
Founder effect
Genetic drift
Infant Mortality Rate
Intrinsic rate of increase
IPAT model
k-selected species
Life expectancy
Logistic Growth
r-selected species
Replacement-level fertility rate
Thomas Malthus
Total fertility rate
Population Review Questions: Record answers to the following questions. Feel free to answer questions in bullet-point form.
1. Explain the different types of population distribution (clumped, random, and uniform).
2. Describe 3 distinct methods for measuring population size.
3. Draw a population graph and label the following terms: exponential growth, carrying capacity, logistical growth, lag
phase, rapid growth, stable phase
4. Compare and contrast: Type 1, Type II, and Type III survivors
5. What is the size of the human population in the world? Explain how population size is impacted by the crude birth
rate, crude death rate, immigration, and emigration.
6. Describe the different stages of the demographic transition.
7. Explain how countries can help regulate population size with pronatalist policies, antinatalist policies, and family
8. Explain the unique population stories of each of the following countries:
a. United states
c. China
b. India
d. Japan
9. Explain how the human population is impacting each of the following:
Answer Key to Practice Multiple-Choice Questions on Population
Practice Multiple-Choice Questions
1. When populations experience an unrestricted overshoot before limited resources, space, or disease cause a dieback, it
is known as
a. Logarithmic growth
b. A p curve
c. Exponential growth
d. Proven reserves
e. Biotic exponential
2. The rule of 70 is used to estimate
a. Entrepreneurial species
b. Population doubling
c. Density-dependent species
d. Infant development
e. Potential of a new Starbucks in a neighborhood
3. Movement out of a population is known as
a. Delinquency
b. Mortality
c. Emigration
d. Suburban sprawl
e. Immigration
4. When a species produces lots of offspring and has a high rate of growth, it is known as
a. Pioneer species
b. K-adapted species
c. Long-lived species
d. R-adapted species
e. Foundational species
5. Preindustrial populations usually have slow growth rates and
a. Low economic potential
b. High birth and death rates
c. Low geographic resources
d. Low birth and high death rates
e. Low birth and low death rates
6. Biotic and abiotic factors greatly affect
a. Population density
b. Niche development
c. Fecundity
d. Education levels
e. Genetic drift
7. Exponential human population growth is affected by all of the following factors except:
a. Infectious disease
b. Clean water supplies
c. Hazardous work conditions
d. Increase television time
e. Better and more available food