BBI 3213 (Speech Communication)

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Department of English
Faculty of Modern Languages
Universiti Putra Malaysia
First Semester
2012/2013 Session
Bachelor of Arts (English Language)
BBI 3213 (Speech Communication)
CREDITS:
3 (3+0)
LECTURER:
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd Faiz Abdullah
Department of English
Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication
UPM
B. A. (English Language)
/BBI 3213 (Speech Communication)
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Contact Information
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No. A212, 2nd Floor, Administration
Block (A) FMLC UPM
Tel:
+603-89468721
H/P:
+6012-9789764
E-mail: [email protected]
Or [email protected]
Room:
B. A. (English Language)
/BBI 3213 (Speech Communication)
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Course Objectives
By the end of the course, students will be able to:
 explain the speech communication process using
appropriate models and/or theories,
 identify the integral elements in speech communication
with special reference to ESL contexts,
 critically evaluate power dimensions underlying
interpersonal speech communication acts, and
 apply appropriate strategies to satisfy their own speech
needs in a variety of situations..
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Course Synopsis
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The course deals with aspects of theory as well as the
practice of speech communication with special reference to
English in Second Language contexts. As an introductory
university-level course that surveys the broad field of
communication, it covers traditional approaches and new
developments, samples theory and research, and devotes
attention to effective communication skills and strategies.
As a course that caters for students with little or no prior
background in the area, it provides a sound foundation in
the general principles of this liberal rhetorical art that will
serve as the basis for more advanced and specialised study
of human discourse.
B. A. (English Language)
/BBI 3213 (Speech Communication)
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Main Topics
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Unit 1: Introduction
Unit 2: Fundamentals of speech communication
Unit 3: Dimensions of culture
Unit 4: Listening matters
Unit 5: The individual communicator
Unit 6: The language in communication I
Unit 7: The language in communication II
Unit 8: Extra-linguistic factors
Unit 9: Speaking interpersonally
Unit 10: Review
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Evaluation Schema
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Short tasks
Mid-semester test
Mini-project
Final examination
Total marks
20%
20%
20%
40%
100%
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Policy on Plagiarism
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Find out what ‘plagiarism’ means and how
you can avoid it.
If you blatantly copy from books, articles,
etc. or ‘cut and paste’ from the Internet
without documenting your sources properly,
you can expect a failing mark in your
assignments.
B. A. (English Language)
/BBI 3213 (Speech Communication)
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Essential Reading List
TEXTBOOK:
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DeVito, J. A. (2006). Human Communication: The Basic Course.
London: Longman.
ADDITIONAL READING:
 Akamajian, A. Demers, R. and Farmer, A. (1995).
Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and
Communication. Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of
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Technology Press.
Brown, G. (1990). Listening to Spoken English. London:
Longman.
Cook, G. (1989). Discourse. Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
B. A. (English Language)
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Essential Reading (cont’d…)
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DeVito, J. A. (l999). The Psychology of Speech and
Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics.
Washington, DC: University Press of America.
DeVito, J. A. (1997). Human Communication: The Basic
Course. London: Longman.
Gronbeck, B. E., R. E. McKerrow, D. Ehninger and A. H.
Monroe. (1997). Principles and Types of Speech
Communication. New York: Longman.
Nolasco, R. and L. Arthur (1987). Conversation. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
Tubbs, S. L. and Moss, S. (2000). Human Communication.
Singapore: McGraw Hill Higher Education.
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Course Materials
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Notes provided in the BBI 3213 module
available at PPL UPM
Set textbook (see also companion website at:
http://wps.ablongman.com/ab_devito_hu
mancomm_10; and
Recommended reading list (see above)
Web-based resources on speech
communication
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Using the Module
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Unit objectives
learning outcomes
 Areas of focus
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Reference to other sources
Learning activities
Topic orientation
 Task
 Reflection
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Review Unit (Unit 10)
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INTRODUCTION
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What is 'communication?
Why study speech communication?
Macro/micro functions of speech in
community
Nature of communication
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FUNDAMENTALS OF SPEECH
COMMUNICATION
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Three views about speech communication
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Linear view
Interactional view
Transactional
Models of speech communication
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The Message Model
The Transactional Model
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Fundamentals of Speech (Cont’d…)
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Basic elements in the transactional model
Speaker
 Listener
 Message
 Feedback
 Channel
 Speech situation
 Cultural context
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Fundamentals of Speech (Cont’d…)
PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNICATION
 Package of signals
 Process of adjustment
 Content and relationship dimensions
 Punctuated sequences
 Symmetrical and complementary transactions
 Transactional process
 Inevitable, irreversible and unrepeatable
 Multi-purposeful
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DIMENSIONS OF CULTURE
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What is 'culture'?
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Simple definition
Extended definition
Main features of culture
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Enculturation
Acculturation
Ethnocentrism
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Dimensions of Culture (Cont’d…)
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How do cultures differ?
Orientation – collectivist vs individualist
 Context – low context vs. high context
 Power distance – Low vs. high power
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Theories of culture, language, and
communication
Linguistic relativity
 Uncertainty reduction
 Outcome maximisation
 Culture shock theory
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Dimensions of Culture (Cont’d…)
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Intercultural communication
Prepare
Recognise fears
Recognise differences
Recognise cultural meanings
Follow cultural rules and customs
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LISTENING MATTERS
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Hearing' versus 'listening'
Listening: the process:
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Receiving
Understanding
Remembering
Evaluating
Responding
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Listening Matters (Cont’d…)
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Critical listening techniques  effective
listening:
Appreciative
Discriminative
Therapeutic
Comprehensive
Critical
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THE INDIVIDUAL
COMMUNICATOR
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The perception process
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Sensory input
Organisation of input
Interpretation and evaluation
Critical perception strategies
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Passive strategies
Interactive strategies
Awareness strategies
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The Individual Communicator
(Cont’d…)
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Addressing individual needs, motives and
drives
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (1970)
 Physiological needs
 Safety
 Love & sense of belonging
 Self-esteem
 Self-actualisation
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The Individual Communicator
(Cont’d…)
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McClelland’s Motive Clusters (1972)
Affiliation
 Achievement
 Power
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The Individual Communicator
(Cont’d…)
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Images of the self
Self concept
 Self awareness (‘Johari Window’)
 Self-esteem
 Self-disclosure
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Strategies for effective speech
communication
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THE LANGUAGE IN
COMMUNICATION I
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The linguistic nature of speech – Levels of
linguistic analysis
Verbal and non-verbal messages _ Interaction
nature of speech
General features of verbal message
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THE LANGUAGE IN
COMMUNICATION II
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Verbal message principles
Criticism, praise, and appraisal
Lying and honesty
Verbal message barriers and their correction
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EXTRA-LINGUISTIC FACTORS
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Communicating through the body, sound,
and time
Use of space, touch, smell and artefacts
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SPEAKING INTERPERSONALLY
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Nature of conversation
Conversation: structure and process
The ‘cooperative principle’ and conversational
maxims (Grice, 1975)
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REVIEW
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Topics for synoptic discussion
Questions for reflection
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THE END….
Thank you for listening.
And good luck with your studies
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