Warm-Up now leonardo had a COMELY daughter that was named hero. not only was hero beautiful but she was DULCET and VIRTUOUS as well COMELY- attractive DULCET- sweet and soothing VIRTUOUS-having high morals and standards Monday, February 2 Agenda – Warm-Up “Caught ‘ya” – Pre-poem Activity – Historical Context – “The Ballad of Birmingham” Dudley Randall – Tone/Mood Work – Poetry Workshop Poetry Activity Make a list* of good qualities for each of the following… 1. Mothers 2. Children 3. Mother-Child Relationship *3-5 items per list Historical Context Birmingham, Alabama (in the 1960s) – – – – One of America’s most racially divided cities Alabama governor was pro-segregation Strong (and dangerous) chapter of the KKK Police Commissioner was infamous for his brutality with African Americans Historical Context (cont.) Martin Luther King Jr. Spring 1963 – MLK and members of SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) organize non-violent campaign to combat segregation. – MLK arrested and, while in jail, and writes letters to white ministers justifying the campaign. – “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” published along with photos of police violence. August 1963 – MLK Jr. delivers his “I Have a Dream” speech in Washington, DC. Historical Context (cont.) Birmingham Bombings (1963) – 16th Street Baptist Church was a prominent headquarters for the Civil Rights movement of the time. – KKK members routinely called in bomb threats to disrupt meetings. – On Sunday, September 15th, a bomb detonated at 10:22am as people were gathering for the 11:00 service. – Many people were injured as a result of the blast; one child who was waiting in line for the restroom lost her eye. – Additionally, four young girls, all under the age of 14, were killed in the blast. Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson and Denise McNair Historical Context (cont.) Aftermath of the Birmingham Church Bombing – Thousands of African Americans gathered at the church to protest the violence. – Alabama governor sent troops to break up the protest, and a riot broke out. – Two more people were killed during the riot. – Several people were suspected for having a part in the bombings but no one was brought to justice before they died. Lasting Effects – Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 – Important – Bombings had the exact opposite effect than intended Ballad of Birmingham Dudley Randall “Mother dear, may I go downtown Instead of out to play, And march the streets of Birmingham In a Freedom March today?” “But, mother, I won’t be alone. Other children will go with me, And march the streets of Birmingham To make our country free.” “No, baby, no, you may not go, For the dogs are fierce and wild, And clubs and hoses, guns and jails Aren’t good for a little child.” “No, baby, no, you may not go, For I fear those guns will fire. But you may go to church instead And sing in the children’s choir.” Ballad of Birmingham Dudley Randall She has combed and brushed her night-dark hair, And bathed rose petal sweet, And drawn white gloves on her small brown hands, And white shoes on her feet. For when she heard the explosion, Her eyes grew wet and wild. She raced through the streets of Birmingham Calling for her child. The mother smiled to know her child Was in the sacred place, But that smile was the last smile To come upon her face. She clawed through bits of glass and brick, Then lifted out a shoe. “O, here’s the shoe my baby wore, But, baby, where are you?” Mood and Tone Step I Write the “Title” at the top of the page. Step II Fill out the “Mood” (how it makes you feel) boxes Step III Fill out the “Tone” (how the speaker feels about the subject) box Step IV Choose a box from either the “Mood” or “Tone” Section to share with the class. Poetry Workshop 1. 2. 3. 4. Free Verse Poem – Object (at least 10 lines) Free Verse Poem – Person (at least 10 lines) Haiku (Three) Narrative – MUST HAVE A RHYME SCHEME (at least 20 lines) Create drafts for each of these poems; if you are comfortable with them, bring them to me and we’ll go over them together.