Infectious Diseases Transmission and Prevention Background Information 1/5 of the population attends or works in schools Viruses and bacteria can live from 20 minutes to 2 hours on surfaces such as cafeteria tables, doorknobs and desks Nearly 22 million days of school are lost annually due to the common cold Background Information Infectious Disease To educate our 8th grade students on how to avoid contracting an infectious disease and how to prevent the spread of them Informing our students how infectious disease are spread is important our youth and schools Objectives By the end of the lesson students will be able to: List four ways infectious diseases are spread Have a feeling of empowerment by having the knowledge and skills to prevent contracting and spreading an infectious disease Objectives cont’d Differentiate between bacteria and virus Differentiate between innate and adaptive immune system Define: bacteria, virus, parasite, pathogen, immunity, rickettsias Cause of Infectious Disease Host Agent Environment Causes of Infectious Disease Pathogens (Parasite) Bacteria Protozoan Virus Rickettsias Transmission Class Activity This activity is designed to help you understand how easily infectious diseases are spread through direct contact Chain of Infection Immunity Innate Immune - nonspecific resistance - - physical chemical body cells inflammatory response Adaptive Immune - specific resistance - lymphocytes - B cells - T cells Immunization Data Prevention Passive Immunization o Immediate, shortlived protection against specific disease causing pathogens Active Immunization o Vaccination, cause the body to produce antibodies against pathogens Additional Methods Personal hygiene Taking a shower Brushing your teeth Washing your hair Avoid sharing eating and drinking utensils Additional Methods Washing your Hands Hand sanitizer Using Antibacterial soap Example: Dial Proper Hand Washing Additional Methods Regular Exercise Good Nutrition Adequate Sleep Proper medical treatment Store and prepare food properly Resources Additional Information on Infectious Diseases please visit: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Local Health Department World Health Organization Primary Physician Take Home Message Jeopardy Game Instructions Virus vs. Bacteria Each team select a spokesperson Rules: Each team will have one chance to answer a question if you get it wrong it automatically goes to the opponent Answer all questions: “What is” Infectious Disease Jeopardy Causes of Infectious Disease Preventing Infectious Disease “Real Life” Infectious Disease How are Infectious Diseases Spread? Innate vs. Adaptive Immune System Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $100 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $200 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $300 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $400 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Q $500 Final Jeopardy $100 Question Every infectious disease is caused by one of several types of small microscopic organisms known as ? $100 Answer What are Pathogens $200 Question Microorganism that can live almost anywhere and are abundant in the air, soil, and water are known as? $200 Answer What is Bacteria $300 Question The smallest known type of infectious diseases? $300 Answer What is a virus? $400 Question How is Rickettsias passed onto human and animal hosts? $400 Answer What is through bites or feces deposits on the skin. $500 Question Disease causing protozoan's are most common in areas that are? $500 Answer What is in tropical areas that have poor sanitation. $100 Question The spread of infectious disease is known as ? $100 Answer What is Transmission $200 Question What are four ways transmission of An infectious disease can occur? $200 Answer What is direct contact with an infected person, animal, contaminated object, or in the environment. $300 Question How are the common cold and influenza indirectly spread? $300 Answer What is inhaled lung droplets that are exhaled through an infected person exhaling, coughing, or sneezing. $400 Question How are Malaria and Encephalitis transmitted to humans? $400 Answer What is mosquito bites $500 Question Undercooked pork can cause someone to be infected with? $500 Answer What is Salmonella $100 Question If the innate immune system is you body’s inborn defenses then your adaptive immune system is your body’s? $100 Answer What is your body’s specific resistance $200 Question What are three nonspecific resistance physical barriers ? $200 Answer What is skin, mucous membranes and cilia. $300 Question Enzymes in tears, salvia and acidic digestive juices are all examples of what type of nonspecific resistance barrier? $300 Answer What is chemical barriers $400 Question If pathogens break through the body’s outermost barriers, your body goes into what is known as “red alert” this is also known as? $400 Answer What is the inflammatory response $500 Question What are the two types of lymphocytes in specific resistance called? $500 Answer What are T and B Lymphocytes $100 Question If passive immunity is only temporary then active immunity is? $100 Answer What is a lifetime $200 Question Active immunization is also known as? $200 Answer What is vaccination $300 Question Vaccines that are made from weakened viruses are called? $300 Answer What are live-virus vaccines $400 Question Scientists discovered they can make a vaccine from treating bacteria _____? $400 Answer What is toxins $500 Question The most common type of prevention method we use today to prevent the spread of bacteria and viruses is? $500 Answer What is hand washing $100 Question True or False: Most countries have inspectors for public facilities to checking equipment in restaurants, sanitation procedures and hygiene methods? $100 Answer What is True $200 Question Name 3 ways in which building up one’s immunity can prevent the common cold. $200 Answer What is getting plenty of rest, drinking plenty of fluids, maintaining proper nutrition, controlling stress levels, not smoking, or regular physical activity $300 Question True or False it is okay to share eating utensils from a friend or family member even if they are not sick? $300 Answer What is False $400 Question Before students enter kindergarten they must provide? $400 Answer What is up-to-date immunization $500 Question It is important to have your pets treated for ticks and fleas because these parasites bite animal and human host and cause? $500 Answer What is Rickettsias Final Jeopardy This morning you woke up with a running nose, persistent coughing, and a slight fever. You are the captain of the volleyball team and have a volleyball game after school with one of your toughest opponents. However, you don’t want to let you teammates down. What should you do? Final Jeopardy Answer What is stay home and rest and treat your symptoms with proper nutrition, adequate sleep, and plenty of fluids.