The Peace Settlement: American troops broke the deadlock in Europe, causing Germany to surrender in November 1918. The Fourteen Points: Wilson’s plan for peace The Versailles Treaty: Allied leaders wanted to impose a harsh treaty on Germany Reflected American idealism and Wilson’s view that the war should be a crusade for democracy and lasting peace State that each major European nationality should have its own country and government (selfdetermination) Wilson had to make many concessions in order to get their support for the formation of the League of Nations The actual treaty - Harsh - Germany forced to pay reparations - Germany blamed for the war Called for freedom of the seas, (war-guilt clause) reduced armaments, and an end - Germany lost territory to to secret diplomacy France and Poland, and all of its colonies - Germany lost its navy; army Proposed the creation of a was reduced to the size of a League of Nations, an police force international peace-keeping - A League of Nations was organization established 1- Identify three ways in which Wilson’s Fourteen Points differed from the Treaty of Versailles: 2- Identify one provision that Wilson wanted and that was accepted in the actual treaty: 3- Define the following terms: Self-Determination: Reparations: War-Guilt Clause: League of Nations: 4- Do you remember why the League of Nations failed to keep the peace? 5- Why was the Treaty of Versailles harsh? 6- Why do you think the United States did not join the League of Nations? 7- Base on the what you have learned, why did people believe that “The allies won the war but lost the peace.”?