Aim: Review for Test on Imperialism and World War I Bring a #2 pencil and a pen. Essay Topic: U.S. foreign policy Example: Open Door Policy, Monroe Doctrine, Roosevelt Corollary and Neutrality 1 A. Open Door Policy 1899 U.S. Secretary of State John Hay goes to China. U.S. afraid of being cut out of trade in China. Secured equal trading rights for all. Sphere of Influence- economic control of one nation over another. Chinese reaction: Boxer Rebellion 1B. Monroe Doctrine 1823- No further colonization of the Western Hemisphere. U.S. agrees to stay out of European affairs. Any attempt to do so is an act of war. 1C. Roosevelt Corollary 1904- addition to the Monroe Doctrine. US. Will act as an “international police power.” U.S. will intervene in the affairs of Latin America. 1D. Neutrality WWI 1914- 1918. U.S. enters in 1917 U.S. was officially neutral before the war began. Goes back to policy of neutrality after WWI. Gave aid and arms to the Allies. 1E. Dollar Diplomacy President Taft Federal government encouraged investments overseas (particularly Latin America). Such investments would increase American intervention in foreign affairs. 2. Why did the U.S. become imperialistic? Spanish American War 1898 encouraged imperialism. Naval bases “New Manifest Destiny” Acquired: Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines, Hawaii, Samoa 3. What were some of the results of American imperialism? Turning point in American history. U.S. becomes a world power. 4. Why did the U.S. get involved in Latin America? Because of close proximity of Latin America. Our neighbor- concerned about what happens there. 5. What were the causes and results of the Spanish American War? Causes: Yellow journalism, U.S.S. Maine, economic interests, DeLome Letter, humanitarian concerns. Results: U.S. acquires territories around the world: Puerto Rico, Guam and Philippines. 6. Describe President Roosevelt’s foreign policy. Favored imperialism Construction of Panama Canal Further reinforced the Monroe Doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary). “Speak softly and carry a big stick.” 7. Why did the U.S. build the Panama Canal? Spanish American War created a need- USS Oregon arrived after the war was over. France had already tried to build. Originally wanted to build in NicaraguaCongress rejects. Panama owned by Colombia- refuse offer. Give aid to Panamanians in revolt. 8. Define/explain- Yellow Journalism Sensationalized stories Exaggerated and distorted events. Created an anti-Spanish sentiment 9. What was the U.S. role during the beginning of WWI? Why enter? At the start of the war officially neutral. Gave aid to Allies. Entered because of Zimmerman Note and Sinking of the Lusitania. 10. Wilson 14 Points Wilson’s proposal for peace: arms reduction, self-determination, League of Nations and Freedom of the Seas. Treaty of Versailles: meant to punish Germany. U.S. did not ratify. U.S. did not join the League of Nations.