Pre-AP Biology Cellular Processes Unit Exam (Ch. 6 &7) Study Guide 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. Define the terms aerobic and anaerobic Know which organelles the processes of cellular respiration and photosynthesis take place What are the products of cellular respiration? Write the overall, balanced equation for the process of cellular respiration. What do humans use as their source of energy? During redox reactions, electrons are ______________from one substance and _________ to another substance. List the stages of cellular respiration in order. Which metabolic pathway is common in aerobic and anaerobic respiration? What is the net gain of ATP from glycolysis? What are the products of glycolysis? At the end of the citric acid cycle, where is the majority of the energy stored from the original glucose molecule. What are the byproducts of cellular respiration? (need 2) How many ATP are yielded from each of the following molecules as a result of the molecules entering the electron transport chain: FADH2 and NADH. Know which process involved in cellular respiration produces the most ATP per molecule of glucose. Why do your muscles get sore after strenuous exercise? Write the overall, balanced chemical equation for the process of cellular respiration. What are organisms call that can make their own food? How does CO2 and O2 enter and leave the plant leaf? Where is chlorophyll found in a plant cell? Where is oxygen made during photosynthesis come from? What is the source of energy come from that boosts electrons during photosynthesis? Where do each of the following processes take place within a cell; light-dependent reactions and Calvin cycle? What are the products of the light reactions? Know what occurs during the light reactions of photosynthesis. What color(s) of light are not used by plants for photosynthesis? Where does the energy that excites P680 and P700 come from? What is the energy-rich molecule produced by the Calvin cycle? Do plant cells have mitochondria and chloroplast or only one of the organelles? What is one adaptive advantage of the C4 and CAM plants over C3 plants? During an experiment, why would measuring the amount of carbon dioxide absorption be an indicator of photosynthesis? How are the processes of the Calvin cycle and the light-dependent reactions connected? What is the composition of the cell wall and where is it located in reference to the cell membrane? What is the correct sequence of events that takes place during the process of photosynthesis? ***What flower structure contains the pollen? If you extract the pigments from spinach leaves and see bands of green, blue-green, yellow and orange; what does that tell you about the chlorophyll pigments in spinach leaves? How do plants transport water from their roots to their leaves? What is the process of transpiration? What is specific about an ATP molecule that enables it to store energy to be used by cells?