Ascribed Status The social status a person is assigned at birth or assumed involuntarily later in life. It is a position that is neither earned nor chosen, but assigned Example: Race, Ethnicity, Gender or Age Ascribed Status Achieved Status Earned or gained through individual effort Not necessarily tried to group or class Example: Education / Occupation Social mobility is possible It reflects personal skills, abilities and efforts. Achieved Status Norms Laws that govern society’s behaviours They are based on social control. Norms allow for a sense of conformity in any given society/culture Those who do not follow the social norms are labelled as deviants Norms Informal Norms: Based on routines that people follow everyday. Legal punishment is not linked to informal norms, but warnings can occur. Example: Incest is not illegal, but is considered “wrong” in our society Formal Norms: Based on norms that are linked to laws. Example: Driving on the right side of the road Mores Mores are norms that are more widely observed by a society and have a greater moral significance. The term originated from Sociologist William Graham Sumner Mores distinguish the difference between right and wrong Example: Social taboos such as murder or uttering the name of God in some cultures Folkways Also created by William Graham Sumner Folkways are norms for routine or casual interaction. This includes ideas about appropriate greetings and proper dress in different situations Folkways draw a line between right and rude Example: Respecting individuals right to privacy in the bathroom or burping during a dinner party Reflection Activity Make a list of 20 norms you follow everyday Explain what would happen if you broke each one of them. Which social norm would you be willing to break today? What are some cultural norms from other countries that you know of? Who in our culture would you considered to be a social deviant (living outside of the norms of society)? Explain your choices Due at the end of class Worth 5 points!