Assessment 1

Assessment 1
Social Psychology
AO1 knowledge and understanding
Summarise the aims and context of
Milgram's (1963) research
'Behavioural study of obedience'.
Markscheme AO1
• Discussion of the importance of obedience in real
life e.g. need for law and order; communal living.
• Discussion of atrocities between 1933-1945 - the
large number of people who 'obeyed orders' to
meet quotas at death camps.
• Aim to investigate the tendency to obey other
people who are in a position of authority over
them. Would people obey an authority figure to
the extent that they would cause physical pain
and harm to a victim if ordered to do so, violating
codes of moral and ethical behaviour?
AO2 Analysis and Evaluation
Evaluate the methodology of
Asch's (1955) research 'Opinions
and Social Pressure'.
Markscheme AO2
• Biases in sample (age, gender, culture), e.g. all
participants male college students.
• Validity issues (internal and external validity), e.g.
research set up lacks credibility; participants did
not believe set up; does not relate to conformity
in real life.
• Ethical Issues, e.g. the use of active and passive
deception; the failure to protect participants
from psychological harm.
• Reliability issues, e.g. replications of Asch's
research have not always suggested reliability.
Assessment 1
Research terms
What do these terms mean?
Naive participant
Repeated measures design
Control group
Laboratory experiment
Volunteer sample
What do these terms mean?
1. Naive participant – person who is tricked
2. Confederate – people who know what is
3. Repeated measures design – tried out a number
of times
4. Control group – not experimented on
5. Laboratory experiment – takes place in a lab
6. Participant – people who are experimented on
7. Volunteer sample – people choose to join
8. Reliability – dependability of results