02/22/2012 PSYC 2050: Turn on your I-clickers! 1. Are you 21 years old or older? A = Yes, B = No 2. Anonymous: Have you ever had an alcoholic drink? A = Yes, B = No “U.S. Drug Policy is Complex” 1851-1855 Prohibition laws in 13 states 1868 Repealed in 9 states 1880-1889 Prohibition laws in 7 states 1896 Repealed in 4 states 1907-1919 Prohibition laws in 34 states 1917: 64% of the population in “dry territory” 1920 National Prohibition ▪ 1933 Repeal “All behavior has a physiological cause” Correlation with homicide Correlation with domestic violence 1/3 of all suicides Alcohol reduces your inhibition… Alcohol Myopia Theory Cognitive Scripts Theory Alcohol = cool, alcohol = sexy “Drugs are Drugs” BAC = 0.05 Lowered alertness Good feeling Release of inhibitions Decreased anxiety Impaired judgment Less critical thinking “Nothing is Safe” Sexuality becomes less inhibited or enhanced? Women who have been drinking = more sexual and sexually available? Placebo arousal Unprotected sex High BAC & no erection Chronic abuse & impotence Black outs= Not remembering anything at all. Brown outs = Remembering once your friends remind you Upset stomach Alcohol is a gastric irritant Fatigue Your blood sugar has gone down Headache Accumulation of acetaldehyde Thirst Cellular dehydration General Malaise / “I’m never drinking ever again” feeling Blood Alcohol Concentration Alcohol intake Weight Sex (Male / Female) ▪ Females have higher content of body fat http://bloodalcoholcalculator.org/ http://www.intox.com/drinkwheel.aspx http://www.ou.edu/oupd/bac.htm http://www.rupissed.com/ *** During the last year have you had a feeling of guilt or remorse after drinking? During the last year has a friend or a family member ever told you about things you said or did while you were drinking that you could not remember? During the last year have you failed to do what was normally expected from your because of drinking? Do you sometimes take a drink when you first get up in the morning? (C.J. Cherpitel’s “Brief Screening Instrument for Alcohol Dependence in the Emergency Room”) We admitted we were powerless over alcohol… We came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity/ 3. We made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God… 4. We made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves. 5. We admitted to God, to ourselves, and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs. 6. We were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character. 1. 2. 95% experience mild to moderate withdrawal symptoms Can be treated on an outpatient basis 5% experience severe withdrawal symptoms Should be treated in a hospital or detox facility. ▪ Detoxification Antabuse, Naltrexone, Campral If you are going to drink alcohol, pace yourself, know your limits, know the law and be careful. Please don’t drink and drive. If you are going to have sex, make sure it’s consensual, and use protection.