Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American
French and Indian War
Proclamation Of 1763
No Taxation without Representation
Sugar Act
Stamp Act
Townshend Act
Quartering Act
Boston Massacre
Tea Act
Boston Tea Party
Intolerable Act
1st Continental Congress
Lexington and Concord
French and Indian war
• Because England
fought this war to help
protect the colonies
England went into
debt (to owe money)
No Taxation Without Representation
The colonists were being taxed by the King
and Parliament without any say or input into
The decisions being made!
John Hancock
John Adams
Sam Adams
Sugar Act
• This act taxed sugar,
molasses and coffee
The colonists were upset because they had now
say in how the colonies were being run! They
came up with a catch phrase or slogan.
This catch phrase or slogan was:
“No Taxation without
Stamp Act
• This taxed legal
newspapers, printed
materials, playing
cards, and dice
Declaratory Act
• This was a statement
of power. It said that
England had the
power to tax the
colonies whenever
they wanted!
Townshend Act
This act taxed items needed for every
day life in the colonies NOT made in
the colonies.
I.E.- lead, paint, paper, and glass
Quartering Act
This act said that the colonists had to provide housing, candles
bedding, and beverages for the British soldiers.
Boston Massacre
Five colonists were killed here. An African American sailor,
Crispus Attucks, was one of the five civilians killed here!
Tea Act
This act taxed tea, but more importantly, formed
a monopoly for the British East India Company
Monopoly- To control all the sales of a certain product
Boston Tea Party
Colonists dressed up as Mohawk Indians and
threw crates of tea into the Boston Harbor in
retaliation for the Tea Act. They were led by
Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty!
Intolerable Act
England blockaded and closed the port of Boston
until the colonists paid for the tea that they threw
into the Harbor. They did this in retaliation for
the Boston Tea Party.
The First Continental Congress
– In September 1774, 56 delegates from 12
colonies met in Philadelphia’s Pennsylvania
State House
– They decided they would:
Continue to boycott
Colonial militias needed to prepare to fight
Created and sent the Declaration of Rights
Agreed to meet in May 1775
A small village outside of Boston. The
first shots of the Revolution were fired
there. This is where 8 colonists were
killed on the “Green”. No British
were killed here.
A small village a few miles past Lexington.
This is where the first British soldier was
killed at the “North Bridge.” This act is known
as “The Shot Heard Round the World.”
Know It Notes
Duty- A tax on imported goods
Repeal - To end or take back
Boycott- When people refuse to buy certain
Crispus Attucks- An African American sailor
who was one of the five civilians killed at
the Boston Massacre
Know it notes-continued
Militia- Regulars in the Continental Army
Minutemen- Farmers who would be ready to
fight a battle in a moment’s notice
Propaganda- Information giving only one side
of an argument
Lexington- A small village outside of Boston.
This is where 8 colonists were
killed in the first battle of the
Revolutionary War.
Concord- A small village a few miles
Down the road from Lexington. This
is where the first British soldier was
killed a the North Bridge
The news of the revolution in the colonies
spread quickly. At the North bridge in
Concord where the first British soldier
Was killed became known as:
Shot Heard Round the World”
The End