Chapter 5 Study Notes: Energy Resources Chapter 5 Section 1: Natural Resources 1. Any natural material that is used by humans, such as water, petroleum, minerals, forests, and natural animals is called a ________ resource _________. 2. The energy contained in fossil fuels originally came from sun the ____. 3. A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at which the resource is consumed is renewable _________. resource called a ___________ 4. _____ Fresh ______ water is an example of a renewable resource. 5. A resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the rate at which it is consumed is called a nonrenewable resource _______________ _________. gas is an example of a 6. Natural _______ ____ nonrenewable resource. 7. The process of recovering valuable or useful materials from waste or scrap; the process of reusing some items is called recycling __________. Chapter 5 Section 2: Fossil Fuels 1. The energy contained in fossil fuels originally came from the ____. sun 2. A nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains organisms that lived long ago is of __________ fossil fuel called a _____ ____ 3. A liquid mixture of complex hydrocarbon compounds is called __________. petroleum 4. A mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons located under the surface of Earth is called natural _______ gas ____. 5. A fossil fuel that forms underground from partially ______________ decomposed plant material is coal called _____. 6. Petroleum and natural gas mostly form from the remains of ____ sea organisms. 7. ____ Strip _______ mining is used to mine shallow coal deposits. 8. Rain, sleet, or snow that contains a high concentration of acid _____________. precipitation acids is called _____ 9. Photochemical haze that forms sunlight acts on industrial when ________ pollutants and burning fuels is smog called ______. Chapter 5 Section 3: Alternative Resources 1. Energy released by a fission or nuclear fusion reaction is called _________ energy _______. Fission is a process in which the 2. ______ nuclei of radioactive atoms are split. 3. The joining of two or more nuclei to form a larger nucleus is called ______. fusion water is used 4. Large amounts of ______ cool in nuclear power plants to _____ the plant. 5. Energy released when a chemical compound reacts to produce a new compound is chemical _______. energy called _________ 6. The energy received by Earth from the sun in the form of solar _______. energy radiation is called _____ 7. The use of solar energy systems cost of is limited by the high ____ equipment ___________. 8. _____ Wind _______ power is the use of a windmill to drive an electric generator. 9. A disadvantage associated with most alternative __________ fuel sources is that they are expensive to implement. 10. Electrical energy produced by falling water is called hydroelectric ____________ _______. energy 11. ________ Biomass is Organic matter that can be a source of energy. 12. Burning biomass is an alternative to using fossil fuels. ___________ Gasohol is a mixture of 13. ________ gasoline and alcohol that is used as a fuel. 14. Volcanic eruption caused by geothermal _______. energy ____________ 15. ____________ Geothermal _______ energy is energy released by heat within Earth. The End!!!