Chapter 5 Study Notes:

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Chapter 5
Study Notes:
Energy Resources
Chapter 5
Section 1:
Natural Resources
1. Any natural material that is used
by humans, such as water,
petroleum, minerals, forests, and
natural
animals is called a ________
resource
_________.
2. The energy contained in
fossil fuels originally came from
sun
the ____.
3. A natural resource that can be
replaced at the same rate at
which the resource is consumed is
renewable _________.
resource
called a ___________
4. _____
Fresh ______
water is an example of a
renewable resource.
5. A resource that forms at a rate
that is much slower than the rate
at which it is consumed is called a
nonrenewable resource
_______________
_________.
gas is an example of a
6. Natural
_______ ____
nonrenewable resource.
7. The process of recovering
valuable or useful materials from
waste or scrap; the process of
reusing some items is called
recycling
__________.
Chapter 5
Section 2:
Fossil Fuels
1. The energy contained in fossil
fuels originally came from the ____.
sun
2. A nonrenewable energy
resource formed from the remains
organisms that lived long ago is
of __________
fossil fuel
called a _____
____
3. A liquid mixture of complex
hydrocarbon compounds is called
__________.
petroleum
4. A mixture of gaseous
hydrocarbons located under the
surface of Earth is called natural
_______
gas
____.
5. A fossil fuel that forms
underground from partially
______________
decomposed plant material is
coal
called _____.
6. Petroleum and natural gas
mostly form from the remains of
____
sea organisms.
7. ____
Strip _______
mining is used to mine
shallow coal deposits.
8. Rain, sleet, or snow that
contains a high concentration of
acid _____________.
precipitation
acids is called _____
9. Photochemical haze that forms
sunlight acts on industrial
when ________
pollutants and burning fuels is
smog
called ______.
Chapter 5
Section 3:
Alternative Resources
1. Energy released by a fission or
nuclear
fusion reaction is called _________
energy
_______.
Fission is a process in which the
2. ______
nuclei of radioactive atoms are
split.
3. The joining of two or more nuclei
to form a larger nucleus is called
______.
fusion
water is used
4. Large amounts of ______
cool
in nuclear power plants to _____
the plant.
5. Energy released when a
chemical compound reacts to
produce a new compound is
chemical _______.
energy
called _________
6. The energy received by Earth
from the sun in the form of
solar _______.
energy
radiation is called _____
7. The use of solar energy systems
cost of
is limited by the high ____
equipment
___________.
8. _____
Wind _______
power is the use of a
windmill to drive an electric
generator.
9. A disadvantage associated with
most alternative
__________ fuel sources is that
they are expensive to implement.
10. Electrical energy produced by
falling water is called hydroelectric
____________
_______.
energy
11. ________
Biomass is Organic matter that
can be a source of energy.
12. Burning biomass is an
alternative to using fossil fuels.
___________
Gasohol is a mixture of
13. ________
gasoline and alcohol that is used
as a fuel.
14. Volcanic eruption caused by
geothermal _______.
energy
____________
15. ____________
Geothermal _______
energy is energy
released by heat within Earth.
The End!!!
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