Part III Vocabulary and Introduction Ms. Geller’s Fantastic Freshmen Fall 2013 • To crouch and shrink back, as in fear or shame Ex: Milhouse cowered in fear as Nelson pelted him with spitballs. • Speech or behavior that is aggressively forward or rude; SYN: Rudeness, insolence, disrespect. Ex. The teacher was infuriated by the bratty kid’s impudence. • Deeply embarrassed, ashamed, or humiliated Ex. Bob was mortified when the pictures from his catastrophic bachelor party were posted on Facebook. • To scold sharply; criticize Ex. Mother rebuked me for refusing to clean the kitchen, although it was my little sister who made the mess. • Outward appearance; false appearance SYN: façade Ex. If you look beyond her guise of fun-loving silliness, you will discover that Tina is actually very sensitive and wise. • Famous, widely known Ex. Bobby is as renowned for his skills on the football field as he is for his musical ability. • To seize by force or threats, especially in time of need Ex. The navy commandeered a fleet of merchant ships. • A reason for an action that shows it to be just, right, or reasonable; SYN: explanation, rationale Ex. The thief was able to offer no justification for her petty crimes. • A sign or event thought to foretell good or bad fortune; forewarning Ex. The optimistic bride interpreted the beautiful sunrise on her wedding day as a good omen. • Deserving of scorn, contempt, disgust, etc.; disgraceful. Ex. I find any form of prejudice to be absolutely contemptible. Where we are and where we’re going… • Odysseus had just finished telling his story to King Alcinous of Phaeacia. • He is alone with nothing but the scraps of clothes on his back; his entire fleet of ships has been destroyed and all of his men are dead. • The Phaeacians load Odysseus with gifts and take him home, leaving him fast asleep on the shores of Ithaca. • As they return home, Poseidon turns their ship into a lump of stone for daring to assist Odysseus. • Odysseus is disoriented after twenty years away from home, but the goddess Athena meets him and tells him what’s been going on: • A number of young men from Ithaca and the surrounding islands have moved into Odysseus’s castle • Thinking that Odysseus is dead, the suitors, as they are called, eat his food, drink his wine, and insist that Penelope choose one of them as her husband. • Penelope still loves Odysseus and has been faithfully praying for his return every day. • Athena disguises Odysseus as an old beggar and promises to help him • Odysseus seeks shelter with a faithful swineherd named Eumaeus • Meanwhile, Odysseus’s son, Telemachus, who had set out on a journey to discover what happened to his father, escapes an ambush by the suitors and secretly lands on Ithaca • Following Athena’s instructions, Telemachus also goes to Eumaeus’s hut. • While Eumaeus is informing Penelope of her son’s return, Athena appears to the disguised Odysseus. • What’s in store for Odysseus now? Write a paragraph describing what Odysseus must do now to restore peace to his household and reunite his family.