Daily Writing Prompt What are the four types of economic systems? The Free Market • Individuals and businesses own the factors of production • Self-interest – buyers and sellers consider their own personal gain • Businesses engage in competition for consumer dollars Free Market (cont.) • Profit is the incentive to participate in economic activity • Profit = financial gain • Revenue = income, $ you take in • Cost = $ you spend • P=R-C Adam Smith • • • • • Adam Smith wrote The Wealth of Nations “The Invisible Hand” No government intervention Consumers get products they want Prices reflect costs of producing products Advantages • Highly Efficient • Economic Freedom • Competition encourages innovation and growth Disadvantages • No economic security • Inequality • Monopolies Command Economy • “Centrally-Planned” • Government controls the factors of production and decides what gets produced • No consumer sovereignty Communism • Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels – The Communist Manifesto • Workers will overthrow their oppressors & establish an equal society • “Workers of the world, unite!” Advantages: Disadvantages: • Focus on equality • More social services • Stable • No incentives to work hard •Inefficient – can’t adjust to consumer demands •Limited freedom Government Economy Free Free Not Free Not Free Making Choices • Trade offs – all of the alternatives that we give up when we make a decision • Opportunity Cost – the most desirable alternative given up as the result of a decision Making Choices • Guns vs. Butter: Refers to the trade off that countries make when choosing between producing domestic or military goods Exit Ticket • How are market and command economies different? • What are the advantages and disadvantages of market and command economies? Do Now • Pg. 28 #3,5,6,7 • Pg. 34 #3,5,6 • Pg. 38 #3,4,5,6 Adam Smith & Obama • Would Adam Smith have agreed or disagreed with President Obama’s handling of the economy?