Chemical Change Lesson 2 Describe Density as a Physical Property of Matter Make Accurate Measurements of Mass and Volume Calculate Density of Matter Brainstorm part 1 Why do some things float in water and other objects don’t? Discuss what objects sink and others float. ? Did you observe any sinking, floating, or layering in the previous activity? Density Anticipation Guide Check out the materials displayed on the table. 1. Wood Cube 2. Ebony Wood Cube 3. Plastic Cube 4. Steel Ball 5. Wooden Ball 6. Rubber Stoppers with and without holes 7. Cork 8. 10 paper clips 9. Packing Peanut 10. 2” X 2” Aluminum Foil 11. 4” X 4” Aluminum Foil Teacher Demonstration Q: How can we find out more about why things float or sink? A: MEASUREMENT! 1. Using a digital scale to measure mass 2. Using displacement to measure volume 3. Using math to measure volume Length X Width X Height 4. Using multiples to measure the mass of small items Ok, Let’s start our investigation. We will be measuring the mass and volume of each item in the float and sink bag. Let’s do a trial run using the rubber stopper. And the answer is………… Now measure the mass and volume of the other items. Ask each other: 1. What have you observed so far? 2. What did you expect to happen? 3. What patterns do you notice? 4. Can you draw a conclusion about all the items that float?.......sink? 5. Have you compared the mass of each item?.......the volume? 6. How are mass and volume related to sinking and floating? Continue your investigation. Part 2 But first let’s double check our data. Plot the data on the coordinate plane. FLOAT SINK Draw a line separating the floating items from the sinking items. (where X =Y) Let’s Calculate Density d=m/v Does this tell you why some things sink and others float? Explain. When mass is less than volume then it floats. When mass is greater than volume it sinks. Continue your investigation. Evaluate What trends do you see in the data? Why does the stopper measure a greater mass than the cork? Does size alone determine whether something floats or sinks?