Utah’s Struggle for Statehood How many times was Utah rejected? 6!!!! Why were they rejected so much? • Unity: Mormons thought Gov’t, economy, and religion should be unified. Others wanted diversity and separation of church and state • Politics: Most people voted strictly according to religion • Courts: Mormons took their cases to their Bishops, not the county courts • Economics: Mormons only bought stuff from other Mormons Why were they rejected so much (continued) • Education: LDS schools taught normal subjects and religion and cost money. Non-Mormons didn’t want religion in school and thought it should be free. • Immigration: Every year thousands of Mormon immigrants came to the territory. Non-Mormons thought immigrants would take their jobs • Polygamy: Mormons believed Polygamy should be protected by the 1st amendment. People all over the country disagreed and thought it was wrong Why would they care to be a state? Pg. 210 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Utah citizens no longer inferior People full citizens of the U.S.A. and vote for President Utah Representatives in D.C. can vote Utah could have 2 senators to send to D.C. Utah could elect their own judges instead of having them appointed Utah leaders could write their own constitution and allow women to vote 7. Utah could have power over education 8. Utah citizens would pay taxes and receive full gov’t services Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act • No one can be married to more than one person at a time • No church in the territories (like the LDS church) can own more than $50,000 of property Edmunds Act • Polygamists can be punished with 5 years in prison and a $500 fine • Polygamists can’t hold political office serve on a jury, or vote in elections Edmunds-Tucker Act • Took away the right to vote from all Utah women and polygamist men • Abolished Utah’s militia (army) • Confiscated all property of the LDS church Reynolds v. United States • LDS church members thought that Polygamy should be protected under the 1st amendment of the Constitution • “Freedom of Religion” • This court case decided that the Constitution promises the freedom to believe anything you want, but it doesn’t protect the practice of all of your beliefs. • What does that mean!? Cohab Hunters • People who would turn in “Cohabs” (people who lived with more than one wife) for money. • $20 for each polygamist • Living on the underground—hiding from Cohab hunters • Many polygamists escape to…. Manifesto • The LDS church document that officially ended Polygamy • Some continued with Polygamy, but they could no longer be LDS church members.