Chapter 7 Practice Test

Chapter 7 Practice Test #1
1. As defined by the test, consciousness includes which of the following?
a. Daydreaming
b. Sleeping
c. Hypnosis
d. All of the above
2. Which of the following groups tends to daydream the most?
a. Elderly men
b. Elderly women
c. Middle-aged women
d. Middle-aged men
e. Young adults
3. When our ________ is disrupted, we experience jet lag.
a. Daydreaming
b. REM sleep
c. Circadian rhythm
d. Date 4 sleep
e. Stage 1 sleep
4. Sleep spindles predominate during which stage of sleep?
a. Stage 2
b. Stage 3
c. Stage 4
d. REM sleep
5. During which stage of sleep does the body experience increased heart rate, rapid
breathing, and genital arousal?
a. Stage 2
b. Stage 3
c. Stage 4
d. REM sleep
6. The sleep cycle is approximately ________ minutes.
a. 30
b. 50
c. 75
d. 90
7. The effects of chronic sleep deprivation include:
a. Suppression of the immune system
b. Altered metabolic and hormonal functioning.
c. Misperceptions on monotonous tasks
d. Increased accident proneness
e. All of the above
8. One effect of the sleeping pills is to:
a. Depress REM sleep
b. Increase REM sleep
c. Depress stage 2 sleep
d. Increase stage 2 sleep
9. Cocaine and crack produce a euphoric rush by:
a. Blocking the actions of serotonin
b. Depressing neural activity in the brain
c. Blocking the reuptake of dopamine in brain cells
d. Stimulating the brain’s production of endorphins.
e. Preventing the body from producing endorphins
10. Which of the following is classified as a depressant?
a. Amphetamines
b. LSD
c. Marijuana
d. Alcohol
e. PCP
11. The modern discovery of hypnosis is generally attributed to:
a. Freud
b. Mesmer
c. Spanos
d. Hilgard
12. Which of the following statements concerning hypnosis is true?
a. People will do anything under hypnosis.
b. Hypnosis is the same as sleeping
c. Hypnosis is not associated with a distinct physiological state
d. Hypnosis improves memory recall
13. The fact that animals such as fish, whose behavior is less influenced by learning, do
not dream provides support for the ________ theory of dreaming.
a. Manifest content
b. Physiological
c. Information-processing
d. Activation-synthesis
e. Latent content
14. According to Freud, dreams are:
a. A symbolic fulfillment of erotic wishes
b. The result of random neural activity in the brainstem
c. The brain’s mechanism for self-stimulation
d. Transparent representations of the individual’s conflicts
15. Psychoactive drugs affect behavior and perception through:
a. The power of suggestion
b. The placebo effect
c. Alteration of neural activity in the brain
d. Psychological, not physiological, influences
16. Which of the following is not common misconception about addiction?
a. To overcome an addiction a person almost always needs professional therapy.
b. Psychoactive and medicinal drugs very quickly lead to addiction
c. Biological factors place some individuals at increased risk for addiction
d. Many other repetitive, pleasure-seeking behaviors fit the drug-addiction-as-diseaseneeding-treatment model.
17. At its beginning, psychology focused on the study of:
a. Observable behavior
b. Consciousness
c. Abnormal behavior
d. All of the above
18. Which of the following is not a theory of dreaming mentioned in the text?
a. Dreams facilitate information processing
b. Dreaming stimulates the developing brain
c. Dreams result from random neural activity originating in the brainstem
d. Dreaming is an attempt to escape from social stimulation
19. The sleep-waking cycles of people isolated without clocks or daylight typically are
________ hours in duration.
a. 23
b. 24
c. 25
d. 26
20. The lowest rates of drug use among high school seniors is reported by:
a. White males
b. White females
c. Black males
d. Latinos
1. D
2. E
3. C
4. A
5. D
6. D
7. E
8. A
9. C
10. D
11. B
12. C
13. C
14. A
15. C
16. C
17. B
18. D
19. C
20. C