The urban revolution in the philippines Reported by: Brittany A. Gomboc III-6BEED the urban definition in the Philippines After over a decade of impasse on urban definition, a new statistical study was launched in 1993 to validate past work and finally recommend alternative method for defining urban areas. Completed in 1995, the latest study substantially replicated the statistical methodology in 1984 using the 1990 CPH to come up a new proposed definition: a) cities/ municipalities with minimum population of 80,000 or population density of 4,000: all barangays; and b) cities/ municipalities not included in a): barangays with minimum population of 7,000, or poblacion or central district of a city or provincial capital. Urbanization Urbanization is the process of concentration of people within a relatively small geographic area. It is related with social change and growth. “ urban “ embraces the whole of the organization that is based upon a center of settlement which may be city or something relatively close to city Urban Development and the Philippines With an annual growth in urban population of 5.1 percent between 1960 and 1995, the Philippines had one of the highest rates of urban growth in the developing world.About 60 percent of the population is currently urban.While overall urban growth rates are beginning to slow, the most rapid growth is taking place in the peri urban areas of Metro Manila such as Dasmarinas, Cavite and Santa Rosa, Laguna, which have experienced growth rates on the order of 10 percent recently. The Extended Metro Manila area has over 12 million people and accounts for 36 percent of the total urban population. An additional 10 percent of the urban population live in the next four largest metropolitan regions: Davao City and Metro Cebu, both with over 1 million residents, plus Metro Angeles and Zamboanga City, with over half a million inhabitants each. 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 Urban population 43,985 51,258 58,145 64,286 69,862 75,636 Rural population 31,052 30,844 30,668 30,592 30,085 29,558 The rural to urban migration RURAL URBAN There were two significant migration trends that affected population figures in the 1970s and the 1980s. First was a trend of migration from village to city, which put extra stress on urban areas. As of the early 1980s, thirty cities had 100,000 or more residents, up from twenty-one in 1970. Metro Manila's population was 5,924,563, up from 4,970,006 in 1975, marking an annual growth rate of 3.6 percent. This figure was far above the national average of 2.5 percent. Within Metro Manila, the city of Manila itself was growing more slowly, at a rate of only 1.9 percent per annum, but two other cities within this complex, Quezon City and Caloocan, were booming at rates of 4 percent and 3.5 percent, respectively. A second major migration pattern consisted of resettlement from the more densely to the less densely populated regions. As a result of a population-land ratio that declined from about one cultivated hectare per agricultural worker in the 1950s to about 0.5 hectare by the early 1980s, thousands of Filipinos had migrated to the agricultural frontier on Mindanao. According to the 1980 census, six of the twelve fastest growing provinces were in the western, northern, or southern Mindanao regions, and a seventh was the frontier province of Palawan. Sulu, South Cotabato, Misamis Oriental, Surigao del Norte, Agusan del Norte, and Agusan del Sur provinces all had annual population growth rates of 4 percent or more, a remarkable statistic given the uncertain law-and-order situation on Mindanao. Among the fastestgrowing cities in the late 1970s were General Santos (10 percent annual growth rate), Iligan (6.9), Cagayan de Oro (6.7), Cotabato (5.7), Zamboanga (5.4), Butuan (5.4), and Dipolog (5.1)--all on Mindanao. The quality of life at both the areas of origin and destination are, therefore, significantly affected. The repercussion of the ongoing analysis is being discussed below; Unemployment in the rural areas: in the developing world, there are limited job opportunities available, so the influx of people from the rural areas to the urban who are mainly unskilled in profession causes them not fit for the available jobs in the urban which are mainly skilled in nature. Thus there will be a rise in the unemployment and the underemployment rate in the urban areas as well as the rural areas. As the migration happens, the labour force in the rural areas is being reduced and this will go a long way to affect the output that can be produced in the long run. Overcrowding and pressure on social amenities: if a country is advanced in infrastructure and basic social amenities, there is no point to classify it as developing. To this point, it is common to see most developing countries having limited social amenities and infrastructure. This may include schools, roads, places of convenience, pipe borne water among others. Cities In the philippines There are 122 cities in the Philippines as of August 24, 2010. Biñan is the newest city, after its charter was ratified on February 2, 2010. Largest cities Ten most populous cities in the PhilippinesRankCityPopulation 1.Quezon City - 2,679,450 2. Manila-1,660,714 3.Caloocan-1,378,856 4.Davao City1,363,337 5.Cebu City798,809 6.Zamboanga City-774,407 7.Antipolo-633,971 8.Pasig-617,301 a 9.Taguig-613,343 10.Valenzuela-568,928 Urban condition Need For Socialized Housing urban poor community: a multitude of tiny dilapidated shanties over-crowding and often attached to each other for lack of space and without the basic facilities of a human habitation, such as, water, power, sanitation and drainage, space for recreation and health centers. These are communities that easily yield to conflagration, medical and social ills. Lack of job opportunities This is because for the Metro Manila area, the minimum wage of P/195.00/day is way below the living wage of P412.00/day for a family of 6 as computed by a private research group called IBON. For other areas, the minimum wage is P165.00/day compared to a living daily wage of P394.46 for a family of 6. the 13.3% (4.27 million) unemployment level in April of 1998 – the highest in the whole of Asia. Pollution Manila grows in population , more and more problem of pollution arises. Urban planning 1. Beautification projects 2.Infastructure 3.Relocation and resettlement 4. Innovation projects 5.Pollution control 6.Housing 7.human settlement.