The urban revolution - PNU

The urban
in the
Reported by:
Brittany A. Gomboc
the urban definition in the
After over a decade of impasse on urban definition, a
new statistical study was launched in 1993 to validate
past work and finally recommend alternative method
for defining urban areas. Completed in 1995, the
latest study substantially replicated the statistical
methodology in 1984 using the 1990 CPH to come
up a new proposed definition:
 a) cities/ municipalities with minimum population of
80,000 or population density of 4,000: all barangays;
 b) cities/ municipalities not included in a): barangays
with minimum population of 7,000, or poblacion or
central district of a city or provincial capital.
Urbanization is the process of
concentration of people within a relatively
small geographic area. It is related with
social change and growth.
 “ urban “ embraces the whole of the
organization that is based upon a center
of settlement which may be city or
something relatively close to city
Urban Development and the
With an annual growth in urban population
of 5.1 percent between 1960 and 1995, the
Philippines had one of the highest rates of
urban growth in the developing world.About
60 percent of the population is currently
urban.While overall urban growth rates are
beginning to slow, the most rapid growth is
taking place in the peri urban areas of Metro
Manila such as Dasmarinas, Cavite and Santa
Rosa, Laguna, which have experienced
growth rates on the order of 10 percent
The Extended Metro Manila area has over
12 million people and accounts for 36
percent of the total urban population. An
additional 10 percent of the urban
population live in the next four largest
metropolitan regions: Davao City and
Metro Cebu, both with over 1 million
residents, plus Metro Angeles and
Zamboanga City, with over half a million
inhabitants each.
Urban population
Rural population
The rural to urban
There were two significant migration trends that
affected population figures in the 1970s and the
First was a trend of migration from village to city,
which put extra stress on urban areas. As of the
early 1980s, thirty cities had 100,000 or more
residents, up from twenty-one in 1970. Metro
Manila's population was 5,924,563, up from
4,970,006 in 1975, marking an annual growth rate of
3.6 percent. This figure was far above the national
average of 2.5 percent. Within Metro Manila, the city
of Manila itself was growing more slowly, at a rate of
only 1.9 percent per annum, but two other cities
within this complex, Quezon City and Caloocan,
were booming at rates of 4 percent and 3.5 percent,
A second major migration pattern consisted of
resettlement from the more densely to the less densely
populated regions. As a result of a population-land ratio
that declined from about one cultivated hectare per
agricultural worker in the 1950s to about 0.5 hectare by
the early 1980s, thousands of Filipinos had migrated to
the agricultural frontier on Mindanao. According to the
1980 census, six of the twelve fastest growing provinces
were in the western, northern, or southern Mindanao
regions, and a seventh was the frontier province of
Palawan. Sulu, South Cotabato, Misamis Oriental, Surigao
del Norte, Agusan del Norte, and Agusan del Sur
provinces all had annual population growth rates of 4
percent or more, a remarkable statistic given the
uncertain law-and-order situation on Mindanao. Among
the fastestgrowing cities in the late 1970s were General
Santos (10 percent annual growth rate), Iligan (6.9),
Cagayan de Oro (6.7), Cotabato (5.7), Zamboanga (5.4),
Butuan (5.4), and Dipolog (5.1)--all on Mindanao.
The quality of life at both the areas of origin and
destination are, therefore, significantly affected. The
repercussion of the ongoing analysis is being discussed
Unemployment in the rural areas: in the developing
world, there are limited job opportunities available, so
the influx of people from the rural areas to the urban
who are mainly unskilled in profession causes them not
fit for the available jobs in the urban which are mainly
skilled in nature. Thus there will be a rise in the
unemployment and the underemployment rate in the
urban areas as well as the rural areas. As the migration
happens, the labour force in the rural areas is being
reduced and this will go a long way to affect the output
that can be produced in the long run.
and pressure on social
amenities: if a country is advanced in
infrastructure and basic social amenities, there is no
point to classify it as developing. To this point, it is
common to see most developing countries having
limited social amenities and infrastructure. This may
include schools, roads, places of convenience, pipe
borne water among others.
Cities In the philippines
There are 122 cities in the Philippines as
of August 24, 2010.
 Biñan is the newest city, after its charter
was ratified on February 2, 2010.
Largest cities
Ten most populous cities in the
1.Quezon City - 2,679,450
 2. Manila-1,660,714
 3.Caloocan-1,378,856
 4.Davao City1,363,337
 5.Cebu City798,809
6.Zamboanga City-774,407
 7.Antipolo-633,971
 8.Pasig-617,301 a
 9.Taguig-613,343
 10.Valenzuela-568,928
Urban condition
Need For Socialized
urban poor community: a
multitude of tiny dilapidated
shanties over-crowding and
often attached to each other
for lack of space and without
the basic facilities of a human
habitation, such as, water,
power, sanitation and drainage,
space for recreation and
health centers. These are
communities that easily yield
to conflagration, medical and
social ills.
Lack of job opportunities
This is because for the Metro
Manila area, the minimum wage
of P/195.00/day is way below
the living wage of P412.00/day
for a family of 6 as computed by
a private research group called
IBON. For other areas, the
minimum wage is P165.00/day
compared to a living daily wage
of P394.46 for a family of 6.
 the 13.3% (4.27 million)
unemployment level in April of
1998 – the highest in the whole
of Asia.
 Manila grows in
population , more
and more problem
of pollution
 arises.
Urban planning
1. Beautification projects
 2.Infastructure
 3.Relocation and resettlement
 4. Innovation projects
 5.Pollution control
 6.Housing
 7.human settlement.