Tips on Shooting and Editing Video Preproduction • Concept – Purpose of Video. – Constraints. • Script – Description of Shots and Settings. – Written Dialogue and Narration. Preproduction • Storyboards – Conceptualize shots. – Plan flow of video. • Equipment – Availability. – Flexibility, limitations. Production • Framing and Composition – Be aware of your surroundings. – Rearrange objects as needed. • Headroom – Don’t leave excessive space above subject’s head. – If subject is looking to the side, leave space where he/she is looking. Production • Rule of Thirds – 1/3 of the frame should be above the eyes. – 1/3 of the frame should be face and shoulders. – 1/3 of the frame should be lower torso. Production • Lighting – Check indoor lighting conditions first, add more lighting if needed/possible. – Filming outdoors? Check the time and weather. • Noon: Bright light, high exposure, no shadows. • Morning/Afternoon: Direct light, heavy shadows. • Overcast: No direct light or shadow, dull. Production • Sound – Detachable microphones are desirable for best sound quality – Using the camera’s mike? • Check for background noise before shooting (traffic, ventilation, nearby crowds). • Stay close to your subject. • Subject should speak loud and clearly. • No noise from the crew! Production • Shooting – Use a tripod for stability. – Shoot at least 15 seconds of “dummy tape” before and after scenes. – Try to shoot in-sequence. – Keep a video log of recorded scenes. Production • Shooting – Use a variety of shots – multiple perspectives and angles. – Try multiple takes of the same scene, adjusting the shot slightly. – Film more than just your subject. Production • Things to avoid – Breaking the 180° plane. – Using the same composition for every shot. – Too many differing shots and angles. – Extreme close ups or wide shots. – Excessive panning or zooming. – Shooting too much. Postproduction • Choose your editing software of choice – imovie (mac) – Final Cut Pro (mac) – Windows Movie Maker (pc) – Premiere (pc) Postproduction • Walkthrough for using imovie – http://multimedia.journalism.berkeley.edu/tutor ials/video/imovie/ • Walkthrough for using WMM – http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/m oviemaker/default.mspx Postproduction • Editing Clips – Know your footage. Use your video log or create one for your raw footage. – Avoid jump cuts. Different scenes should be easily distinguished. – Be tasteful in using titles and transitions. – Adjust lighting and sound as much as possible. Bad footage is bad footage.