Poetry Unit

“We are can all be poets – we just did not know it”!
 Definition :
A type of literature that
The speaker of the poem is
shares thoughts, feelings,
the “narrator” of the
or tells a story in a form
(normally using lines
and stanzas).
The author of the poem
 Dramatic Poetry
Dramatizes action
though dialogue or
 Narrative Poetry
Poetry that tells a story
 Lyrical Poetry
Expresses Personal
thoughts and Emotions
 Point-of-view - The author's point-of-view focuses
on the who is telling the story.
 1st person: the speaker is a part of the story or poem
and tells it from his/her view (uses "I").
 3rd person limited: the speaker is not part of the
story, but tells the reader about the characters.
 3rd person omniscient: the speaker is not part of the
story, but is able to share what all characters are
thinking and feeling.
 FORM – how the words
look on the page
 LINE - a set of words
together on one line of
the poem
 STANZA - a group of
lines set together
Poetry is made up of
figurative language.
Figurative language is
when the poet writes
something, but it does
not have the normal
(literal) meaning.
Types of figurative
 Metaphor
 Simile
 Personification
 Imagery
 Similes
When you compare
something using like or
She is as sweet as honey!
 Metaphors
A comparison not using
like or as.
The world is his oyster.
 Personification
When human like
qualities are given
to an animal or
 Imagery
When the author shows
actual pictures as you read
the work.
 Repetition - the repeating of words, phrases, lines, or
 Rhyme - The likeness of ending sounds existing
between two words, but not necessarily found at the
end of each line.
 Rhyme scheme - The pattern in which the rhyme
appears. The first end sound is represented as the
letter "a", the second is "b", etc.
 Meter - The repetition of a pattern of stressed and
unstressed syllables.
 Refrain – this is like the “verse/chorus” of a poem. The
same set of words repeated.
 Repetition - this is where one word or phrase is
repeated in a on a regular basis in a poem.
Alliteration – the repetition of consonant sounds at the
beginning of a word (they ALL start the same in an
Sally sells seashells by the seahsore.
Consonance - repeated consonant sounds found
anywhere in the word
Assonance – the repetition of a vowel sound.
Hi, I tried to dry my eye!
 Idioms- silly sayings that use unique and unlikely words to
describe something/someone.
“It is raining cats and dogs” It can’t really rain either one of
those, but I know the person means it is raining a lot!
 Hyperbole – words used for exaggeration used to make a
“He is as tall as the building.”
 Onamonapia - words that are
fun to say, and they sound like
what they mean.
Quack, Moo, Boom, Squawk
 Acrostics – write letters vertically and descriptions of that
Haiku - Poem that has 5 syllabus in the 1st line; 7 in the
second line; 5 in the 3rd line
Free Verse – no form, rhyme, no restrictions (almost like a
Bio Poem – tells about the author using rhyme.
Cinquain – a poem with five lines and 22 syllables each line
has a certain number of syllables. First line 2 syllables,
second line has four syllables, third line has six syllables,
fourth line has eight syllables, and the last line has two
 Concrete – poems where the author uses the words
and the shape of the words to make a point. Example
would be a poem about a snake written in the form of a
 Alliteration – Poems using alliteration.
 Lyrical (Senses) – these poems use color, sound, sights
or taste to convey a messge.
 Onamonapia - poems written using a good number of
 Dr. Seuss
 Edgar Alan Poe
 Robert Frost
 Shel Silverstein
 Emily Dickinson
 Langston Hughes
 May a Angelo
 William Wordsworth
 Microsoft PowerPoint and Clip Art.
 www.kent.k12.wa.us/staff/.../Powerpoint-Techno-
 home.comcast.net/~vldschool/Poetry%20Terminolog
 http://famouspoetsandpoems.com/