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Why Library 2.0?
Barbie E. Keiser
Vilnius University
May 2007
Our agenda
 What is Web 2.0?
 Why should we make use of Web 2.0
applications in libraries?
 Examples of Library 2.0 projects
 For interaction with “users”
 For the professional development of
librarians/information professionals
 This afternoon: 100 of my favorite
tools (some for free; others for a fee)
Web 2.0
 Changing the entire concept of idea
“origination”
 New ways for sharing relevant
knowledge
 Libraries must understand how they
can make the most of Web 2.0
technologies
2.0 software
 Empowers individuals, decentralizing
decision-making
 Frees up knowledge
 Inherently more democratic
 Changes structures
Students today
 The Web is the first stop for many of
today’s students
 Accustomed to less traditional
communication methods
 Expect convenient resource delivery
 Broadband allows for streaming
 Delivering more to mobile devices
The emphasis is on collaboration
and sharing






Pictures
Videos
News
Bookmarks
Knowledge
Everything






Flickr
YouTube
Digg and Memeorandum
Del.icio.us
Wikipedia
MySpace
Blogs and wikis
 Forum is most suitable for Q&A
 Wiki is most suitable for loosely controlled,
easy Web collaboration or highly
collaborative information gathering. Editing
by anyone allowed access.
 Blog is personal comment (diary) made
available for others to comment in public
(vs. CMS which has highly controlled
authoring and organized information
distribution)
Unique features




Blogs
Permalink
Trackback (pingback) –
Notification of a blog
reference
Blogroll – List of links to
other blogs this blogger
finds useful
History and rollback
function
Wikis
 Why Wiki?
(http://www.uwm.edu/Libraries/c
ourses/wiki/)
 A Wiki is a website which
visitors can modify.
Wikipedia, an open
encyclopedia, has
become a very popular
research site in recent
years. This online video
course will introduce you
to the benefits and
disadvantages of the new
and controversial
publication format.
Software for creating…
Blogs



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
Blogger.com/start
 Biz Ref Desk
(http://www.bizrefdesk.blo
gspot.com/)
 Wired Funny-Life in Pierce
Library’s ERC
(http://ercpierce.blogspot.
com)
Radio.userland.com
BBlog
Blogsome
SixApart.com/moveabletype
Wordpress
 Karen Blakeman’s Blog
(http://www.rba.co.uk/wor
dpress/)
Wikis




Editme
PB Wiki
Socialtext.com
Meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Medi
aWiki
Finding and searching newer
technologies
 Blog list

(http://www.blogcatalog 
.com/directory)

 Daypop

 Feedster

 Blogdigger

 Best of the Web Blog

directory
(http://blogs.botw.org/)
 PLAZOO

 Gnosh.org
 Blogsearch.google.com

Sphere
Waypath
Technorati
Syndic8
OpinMind
PreFound
What’s a swicki?
(http://swicki.eurekster.co
m/)
Forbes.com Best of the Web
(http://www.forbes.com/bo
w/b2c/section.jhtml?id=12)
Weblogs.com/about.html
Examples of library use
Blogs
 University of
Virginia Library
blog
(http://uvalibwebd
ev.wordpress.com)
 Linda Hall Library
(http://linda-halllibrary.blogspot.co
m)
Wikis
 Blogging Libraries
Wiki
(http://www.blogwi
thoutalibrary.net/li
nks/index.php?title
=Welcome_to_the_
Blogging_Libraries
_Wiki)
Well-known and education-based
blogs and wikis
 Blogs.warwick.ac.uk
 JISC Digitisation
Blog
(http://involve.jisc.a
c.uk/wpmu/digitisati
on)
 www.wikiineducatio
n.com/display/ikiw
/home
 Wikihow
 Wiki.osswatch.ac.uk
 Wiki.cetis.ac.uk/Ce
tis_Wiki
Useful blogs for information
professional development
 J’s scratchpad (http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/jkbaumga/)
 Intelligent Agent (http://www.ia-blog.com/)
 Ranking the top 50 blogs in the search space
(http://www.seomoz.org/blog/ranking-50-top-blogs-inthe-search-space)
 25 tips for marketing your blog
(http://www.searchengineguide.com/odden/007754.html)
 PanLibus (http://blogs.talis.com/panlibus)
 Library 2.0 (http://library2.0.alablog.org/blog)
 Information Wants to be Free
(http://meredith.wolfwater.com/wordpress/index.php)
 Open Directory Library Weblogs
(http://dmoz.org/Reference/Libraries/Library_and_Inform
ation_Science/Weblogs/)
Useful wikis for information
professional development
 LISWiki (http://liswiki.org/wiki/Wiki)
 TechEssence.info
 Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki
(http://www.libsuccess.org/index.php?ti
tle=Main_Page)
Just for fun




Memeorandum
Techmeme
Digg
BlogPulse (http://blogpulse.com/)
Podcasts

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

What are they?
How can I find one?
How can I create one?
Examples of podcasts
 Online training tutorials
 Useful podcasts for information
professional development
Definition
 An audio or video show which can be downloaded to
your computer to watch or listen to at your
convenience
 You can find podcasts on websites or you can
subscribe to them. Then, you will automatically
receive every new episode of your favorite program
whenever it is published
 The latest versions of both Mozilla Firefox and
Microsoft Internet Explorer now support RSS feeds. If
you click on the button, you will be able to “subscribe”
to that podcast from inside your browser. It’s like
saving a bookmark.
 Source: The Podcast Network
(http://www.thepodcastnetwork.com/)
Finding podcasts
 Odeo.com
 RocketInfo
(http://www.rocketnews
.com/info/portal.jsp)
 Podfeed.net
 Podcasting Station
(http://www.podcastingstation.com/categories.p
hp)
 Podcast Directory
 Podcast.net
 Digital Podcast
 Podscope
 Podzinger
 Feedster
(http://podcasts.feedst
er.com)
 Podcast Pup
 Every Podcast
 Podcast Empire
 SpeakWire
 Podcasts.Yahoo.com
 Casting Words
 Blabline
 Blinkx (video)
Creating podcasts
 Podcasting “how to” guides
(http://groups.yahoo.com/group/NetGold/message/14793)
 Podcastercon.org
 Podcasting made easy
(http://campustechnology.com/articles/409
78/)
 How to make a podcast
(http://www.gsnyder.libsyn.com/index.php?
post_id=209540)
 Transcription service
(http://castingwords.com/)
Examples of podcasts
 Libraries launch academic podcasting
(http://www.stjohns.edu/academics/libraries/p
odcast.sju)
 IWR (http://www.onlineinformation.co.uk/online07/pod_list.shtml?pres
s_id=13980)
 Talking with Talis (http://talk.talis.com)
 Johns Hopkins Medical Podcasts
(http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/mediaII/Pod
casts.html)
 Edelman (http://www.edelman.com/podcasts/)
 Top 25 hits
(http://www.podcastingnews.com/forum/links_
tophits.htm)
 SoundPractice.net
Collaborative approaches
 Tagging and social bookmarking
 Connotea.org
 Del.icio.us
 Furl.net
 Clouds
 Rollyo
 IM Chat and 24/7 virtual reference
Listserves for librarians
BusLib-L
LibRef-L
Cataloging Librarians
AcqNet
ILL-L
ERIL-L
Liblicense-L
Web4Lib (Webjunction enewsletter)
 Digital-Preservation
 Information Literacy
(UK)
 Digital-Copyright
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http://businesslibrarians.nin
g.com/
Building your online
discussion group
(http://www.smartstreet.or
g/login.asp)
Digest mode
Vendors as a resource
 Information Today (http://www.infotoday.com)
 Vendor correspondence
([email protected] e-newsletter)
 Ingenta Table of Contents Alert
 LexisNexis InfoPro
 Gale’s Digital Reference Shelf
(http://www.gale.com/reference/peter) and
http://www.gale.com/reference/lawrence)
E-newsletters and more
 First Monday (http://www.firstmonday.org)
 CyberSkeptic’s Guide
(http://www.cyberskeptic.com/cs)
 The Virtual Chase
(http://www.virtualchase.com/)
 LLRX.com (http://www.llrx.com)
 Pinhawk Law Librarian NewzDigest
(http://www.pinhawk.com)
 Marcus Zillman’s Virtual Private Library
(http://www.virtualprivatelibrary.com)
Personal and shared news
resources
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All news; international news
Subject-specific
Tracking the news
Tools for sharing
Rss feeds and newsreaders
 How do I make these available on my
library website?
When choosing a news delivery
service…
 The type of
information you
need
 Cost limitations
 Presentation format
 Delivery
mechanism(s)
 Desktop vs. email
 Scrolling ticker
(WorldFlash)
 Pop-up alerts
(TriggerNews)
 Push vs. pull vs. cast
 Handhelds
 Headlines
(Headlineviewer.com)
 Personal or shared
 Summary
 Clipping services
 First paragraph (with
 Current awareness
link to full-text)
 Reputation
 Full-text
monitoring services
 http://www.pbs.org/
mediashift/diggingdeeper/
What’s old becomes new again
 Burrell’s Luce
(http://www.burrelleslu
ce.com/)
 QuickBrowse
 Awasu
 CyberAlert
 TracerLock
 Webclipping
 NewzCrawler
 Nexcerpt
 New Media Intelligence
(http://www.parallel54.
com)
 Metro Monitor News
(http://www.metromonitor.com)
 Teleclip serves a local market in
TX
 SearchforVideo.com/business
 Critical Mention
 VMS for news & ads
(http://www.vmsinfo.com/)
 NexMiner
(http://www.nexidia.com/news/
Nexminer4.html)
 Monitor110
New tools from old names

PR Newswire
eWatch
 Flat pricing
 Analyst review
 Access clips from a
secure(?) homepage

NewsPrompt and Newscom
Search

PRWeb press release distribution
for small business
 Journalists
 Free syndication
AP (InfoDesk) http://www.idsk.com/

Online subject catalog of
sources
UPI NewsTrack and Perspectives
BBC Monitoring
(http://www.monitor.bbc.co.uk/)
Tribune (Yellowbrix & FluentMedia)
Content Solutions

ClariNET is part of Yellowbrix
Comtex Industry Updates & News
Solutions
(http://www.comtexnews.net)
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NY Times News Tracker incorporated
into TimesSelect
(https://query.nytimes.com/mem/tnt
sell.html)
AFP Direct (http://www.afpdirect.com/demo?q=j)
Lexis
(http://www.lexisnexis.com/practice
areas/international)
 Solcara InTheNews
Moreover
 Blog Monitoring Tool
(http://p.moreover.com/cgilocal/page?k=librarian&o=rss)
NorthernLight
MagPortal
Esmerk
GoogleAlert.com
Yahoo! Small Business
(http://dir.yahoo.com/business_and_
economy/business_to_business/corp
orate_services/public_relations/clippi
ng_and_monitoring_services)
Web-based services
 Tracked searches
 Ad tracking
 Online news
clipping
 Topic blogs
 NewsLibrary
(http://nl.newsb
ank.com)
 ClipGenius
 CustomScoop
 Custom
newsletters
 Inbox Robot
 Conversation
Monitoring
 Converseon
 News Power Online
(http://www.enewsp
ower.com.hk)
 Intellnet
(http://intellnet.org/t
opics)
 Journalist’s Toolbox
(http://www.america
npressinstitute.org/p
ages/toolbox)
Why employ these tools
 Proliferation of Web sites
 Identify good sources that you didn’t
know before
 Convenience
 Personal options: How the material is
presented and delivered to you
 Sharing your personal news clips with
others: Is it legal and easy to do so?
 Redistribution rights and restrictions
 Security issues
 Integration with other tools used for
analysis
Finding aids and monitoring tools

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
Information discovery
Harvesting our finds
Detecting change (alerts)
Personal news and preferences
 Current awareness alerts (general and subjectspecific, based on personal profiles of interest)
 Sharing what we’ve discovered
 Internet and information literacy tutorials
How do we reach the information
we need?
Search engines and directories
Traditional information resources
Web-based resources
Bibliographies, guides, journals &
books
 E-newsletters and alerting services
 Social networking tools
 Webcasts and podcasts

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First decision – Which browser?
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Beyond Internet Explorer
Opera
Mozilla Firefox
Netscape
Add-ins for browsers
Search engines
 Indexed search
services
 Tips
 Subject-specificity
 Adding features all the time
 Testing for change
 General and subjectspecific
 Vertical search
 Caveats
 Visualization tools
 Some are better than
 Subject directories
others
 Meta-search engines
 Top 100 alternative search
 Region & countryengines
specific
(http://www.readwriteweb.com
 Image handling
/archives/top_100_alternative_
 Voice (audio) and video
 Metasearch engine
search_engines_feb07.php)
 About.com Search Engines
(http://websearch.about.com/li
brary/tableofcontents/blsearch
enginetableofcontents.htm)
Searching online: Search
engines & directories
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Excite
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Images, news, audio, video
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Business news on homepage
AltaVista
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Images, news and audio/video
WebCrawler

Images, news, audio and video

Yellow & white pages
A9 quickstart includes reference by
Answers.com and Amazon.com
FAST search
(http://www.alltheweb.com)

Audio, video, pictures, news

Results in “any language”
ASK (http://www.ask.com) now
includes Teoma and DirectHit
Blinkx

Search over 1,000,000 hours of
audio, video, podcast, vlog and
television content
Clustering search results

Clusty.com can limit search to
blogs and jobs
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Accumo.com
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MetaEUREKA for blogs, news, and software
Exalead advanced search
Yahoo
(http://dir.yahoo.com/Business_and_Econo
my/)
Google
(http://directory.google.com/Top/Business/)
vs.
http://news.google.com/?ned=us&topic=b
 Use the “more like this feature”
 Soople
 Mygooglesearch
Galaxy Business and Commerce
 http://www.galaxy.com/directory/44/
Dmoz Open Directory Project
 http://www.dmoz.com/Business/
 http://www.bruceclay.com/searchengine
relationshipchart.htm
About.com (http://www.about.com/money/)
LookSmart Vertical Search
(http://search.looksmart.com/)
http://www.01webdirectory.com/
CompletePlanet.com
Compare search results
(http://ranking.thumbshots.com)
Non-US search engines
 Use names you know for different countries
 Use search engines covering multiple
countries
 Try multi-lingual searching
 Try search engines you don’t know that
specialize in a specific country
 Know how to find region and countryspecific search engines
Translation plus
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Browser prompt to install character sets

Fonts in Cyberspace
(http://www.sil.org/computing/font

s/)
Industry- and country-specific resources

Human intervention

Technical translations
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Glossaries

Software

Free online translator services

Business-related
 Quotes online
(http://www.worldlingo.com) 

Travel-related
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Learning languages

 Verbix

Web tools
 Links to other resources

 Limited options

(http://www.wordreference.co
m)

Free Translation Tools
(http://www.masternewmedia.org/2001

/11/29/free_translation_tools_and_onlin

e_services.htm)
Google search
(http://www.google.com/language_tools?
hl=en)
Babelfish (http://world.altavista.com/)
from AltaVista
(http://babelfish.altavista.com/translate.
dyn)
Babelplex
AllWords
(http://www.allwords.com/34wlinks.php)
Dictionary.com – Translate
(http://dictionary.reference.com/translate
/text.html)
Fagan Finder Translator Wizard
(http://www.faganfinder.com/translate/)
Foreignword.com
Free online translator service
(http://www.prospector.cz/Services/Trans
lation/)
Freetranslation.com
OneLook Dictionaries
(http://www.onelook.com)
Systran Language Translation
(http://www.systransoft.com/)
Yourdictionary.com
Portuguese Translations
(http://www.sourcetranslations.com/)
Threads are not enough
 Blogspace needs more  Interconnectedness of
 Explicit mechanisms
of clustering and
group formation
 Indexing and
advanced
classification
 Easy shift from
headlines to abstract
to first para to KWIC
 Hyperlinking to fulltext
Weblogs, bulletin
boards, and chats
 Repetitious information
when blogs use similar
feeds
 Strength of
moderators/facilitators
 Activity of blog
 Timeliness of chat
 Watch who comments
on what
The Web & tools for social
networking
 One-to-one becomes
one-to-many
 As an information
vehicle
 A marketing tool
 A disinformation tool
 Tool for socializing
 Usenet, group emails,
bulletin boards,
discussion groups,
listservs, Weblogs
 Opportunity to
network with those of
a like mind and
interest
 An array of tools to
support
 Building communities
 Sharing knowledge
 Watching who is
interested in what
(publishes what)
 Handling inquiries
 Progression towards
communities
 Web sites, portals, &
vortals
 Blogs, wikis, & zines
 Intranets, KM, & CoPs
Why use a Meta-Search engine?
 Address unknown
 Ability to enter search string only
once
 Speed
 De-duping of results
What to look for in a metasearch
engine
 Simple and advanced search capabilities
 Number of matches reported from each search
engine
 Integration
 De-duping of results
 Ranking
 Interesting design
 Good response time
 Wide choice of search engines used
 “More like this” feature
Meta-Searchers

 Beaucoup (look at
corporate websites)

 Dogpile
 Mamma

 Search.com for Reference
and Directory on

homepage

 Metacrawler

(http://www.go2net.com)
 OneSeek
 Metafind is now InfoSpace
(Yellow and White pages) 
 All4one

 CrossEngine

 IcySpicy
 Chubba
 Jux2
Seekz
Widow Metasearch
(http://www.widow.com/crawl/meta
search.cgi)
Ixquick
(http://www.us.ixquick.com/)
ZWorks
Freeality
FinderSeeker
Search & Submit
(http://www.212.net/search/index.h
tm)
Starting Point
(http://www.stpt.com)
Trovando (http://www.trovando.it/)
All One Search – Academic Research
(http://www.allonesearch.com/Acad
emic-Research.htm)
Need help choosing a search
engine?
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http://www.search-engines-2.com/
Best of the Bots
(http://www.botspot.com)
Search Engine Land
Search Engine Watch

Search Engine Watch Forums
(http://forums.searchenginewatch.c
om/index.php)

SearchDay
Search Engine Showdown
Search Engine Lowdown
Pandia Search Engine News
(http://www.pandia.com/sew/index.php)
Gregg Notess’ (http://www.notess.com/)
Phil Bradley Lots of Search Engines
(http://www.philb.com/engines.htm)

Comparing major search engines
(http://www.philb.com/compare.htm
)
Karen Blakeman’s Search Strategies for
the Internet
(http://www.rba.co.uk/search/compare.sh
tml)
The Spider’s Apprentice
(http://www.monash.com/spidap.html)
VirtualSalt
(http://www.virtualsalt.com/search.htm)
iTools
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NoodleTools
(http://www.noodletools.com/debbie/literacie
s/information/5locate/adviceengine.html)
Best Search Tools Chart
(http://infopeople.org/search/chart.html)
Search Engine Relationship Chart
(http://www.bruceclay.com/searchenginerelat
ionshipchart.htm)
LLRX Search Engine Comparison Chart –
2004
(http://www.llrx.com/features/searchenginec
hart.htm)
Web Search Guide Comparison Charts
(http://www.websearchguide.ca/research/co
mpfram.htm)
Web searching tools
(http://library.curtin.edu.au/web/index.html)
Business-to-Business
(http://geniusfind.com/Business_to_Business
.htm)
Search Engines (http://searchenginez.com/)
ALA Tolkit
(http://www.lita.org/ala/lita/litaresources/too
lkitforexpert/toolkitexpert.htm)
WebSerch (http://www.clubi.ie/webserch/)
Searching Google Effectively
(http://www.google.com/librariancenter/dow
nloads/Tips_Tricks_85x11.pdf)
Add-ins that will help
 WebWhacker

(http://www.bluesquirrel.
com)
 Copernic
 WebFerret by FerretSoft
 Bookmarklets
Web change
notification
 Autonomy &Verity
 Watch That Page
 Infominder
(subscription, trial)
 List All Links
(http://www.bookmarkle  Watch360
ts.com/tools/data/index.
(economical, trial)
phtml)
 ChangeDetect (free)
 Tool bars - Google,
Yahoo, metaEUREKA, Ask,  TrackEngine
Exalead, Search,
 Karnak.net
Compete
 Website-Watcher
 Alert systems
(http://www.aignes.com)
 Google Alerts
(http://www.googlealert.  Trackle
com)
Keeping up with it all
 Locator tools
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 Malls & gateways
Internet Scout Report & NSDL
(http://scout.cs.wisc.edu)
Freepint (http://www.freepint.com)
Internet Resources Newsletter
(http://www.hw.ac.uk/libWWW/irn/ir
n.html)
Librarians’ Index to the Internet
(http://www.lii.org)
Argus Clearinghouse
(http://www.clearinghouse.net)
BUBL (http://www.bubl.ac.uk/)
AcademicIndex
(http://www.academicindex.net/tools
.html)
ResearchBuzz.org

Infotogo.com
CyberSkeptic’s Guide
(http://www.cyberskeptic.com/cs)
The Virtual Chase
(http://www.virtualchase.com/)
LLRX.com (http://www.llrx.com)
Pinhawk Law Librarian NewzDigest
(http://www.pinhawk.com)
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Resource Discovery Network for
Business Studies
(http://www.vts.intute.ac.uk/tutorial/
bus)
Academic Info Business
Administration
(http://www.academicinfo.net/bus.ht
ml)
Intute Business and Management
Information Gateway
(http://www.intute.ac.uk/socialscienc
es/business/)
Internet Business Manager
(http://www.vts.intute.ac.uk/he/tutor
ial/busman)
Scholarly search
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Scholar.google.com
Academic.Live.com
Social Science Research Network
(http://www.ssrn.com)
Barbie’s bookmarks
 Library tools
 Internet Training
 Library models
Questions?
Thank you!
 Feel free to be in touch…
 Barbie Keiser ([email protected])
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