Chapter 15 Section 3 Kingdoms and Crusades Pages 534-543 Questions 1-6 1. What is the significance of the battle of Hastings? • William the Conqueror defeated Harold of Godwinson and crowned himself king of England. 2.What groups developed from the 3 major divisions of Slavs in Eastern Europe? • 1. Southern Slavs (Croats, Serbs and Bulgarians) • 2. Western Slavs (Poles, Czechs, and Slovaks) • 3. Eastern Slavs (Ukrainians, Belorussian, and Russians) 3. Draw a chart to list the kings of England and France and their achievements King / Country Achievement Alfred/England United the Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms William/ England Took a census in England John/England Signed the Magna Carta Philip II/ France Regained land from England Philip IV/ France Met with Estates-General 4. What was the importance of the Magna Carta? • It was the first document to limit the King’s Powers. 5. Describe the development of England’s Parliament, and discuss its role in changing government. • Parliament included 2 houses – House of the Lords and the House of the Commons, and it was a major step towards representative government. 6. Why did cities such as Venice flourish as a result of the Crusades? • Crusaders depended of those cities for supplies, so they became important trading cities and businesses flourished.