Interviewing Planning Preparing Rules Arranging the Interview 1. Make a phone call to the person 2. Identify yourself and explain your reason for calling 3. Ask for an interview 4. Agree on a time and place (give two choices) 5. Express your appreciation for the consideration you have been given Planning Interview Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The Open-Ended Question The Follow-Up Question The Direct Information Question The Yes-No Question The Forced-Choice Question The Telling-Back Question The Open-Ended Question Main purpose – draw out a topic for discussion that is important to the person being interviewed. Advantage – lets the interviewee know that you are interested in his or her opinion, knowledge, and point of view. Example – Why did you decide to learn to play the guitar? (why / how questions) The Follow-Up Question Main purpose – used to get further information and to lead an interviewee to expand on earlier comments. Advantage – this style of question is not pre-planned and gives the interviewee feedback, letting him or her know that you are listening. Example – That’s very interesting. What are other reasons you recommend that program? The Direct Information Question Main purpose – gives direct and factual answers to a specific topic. Advantage – this type of question expects a direct answer. Example – How much does a good guitar cost? The Yes-No Question Main purpose – virtually requires a yes or no response. Advantage – restricts the interviewee if you do not wish a discussion on the matter. Example – Do you know how to read music? The Forced-Choice Question Main purpose – requires the interviewee to choose from a set of alternatives that you present. Advantage – shows that you are prepared and interested in the topic being discussed. Example – Which do you prefer, sheet music or tablatures? The Telling-Back Question Main purpose – to encourage the interviewee to continue with a discussion. Advantage – lets the interviewee know that you heard and understand – may result in further development of an idea or in a simple yes or no. Example – So, you’re saying that it is more important to learn notes first, then chords? Preparing • Research about the interviewee • Research the topic • Prepare questions – begin with two or three easy questions (one word or yes/no) to break the ice – ten major questions • Plan a method to take notes or record the interview • Plan a way to end the interview Rules for Successful Interviewing 1. Always attempt to conduct interviews face-toface rather than over the phone – NEVER send a note. 2. Be punctual – be on time or early; never late. Call immediately if an emergency prevents your prompt arrival. 3. Dress appropriately – dress for the situation, but always be neat. Good grooming conveys respect. 4. Always be prepared to take notes. Ask permission to take notes before you start. Tape recording requires permission. 5. Greet, show appreciation, restate the purpose Rules (cont) 6. Listen Carefully! – if you don’t understand, ask. Do not interrupt. 7. Know when to leave 8. Send a note of appreciation Assignment Interview someone about playing a musical instrument. In class, write 2-3 starter questions and ten major questions (a copy is to be turned in). Turn in your notes from the interview next class.