October 20, 2015 • Please make sure you have copied today’s agenda into your planner and have a pencil on your desk ready to take notes! • HLA: • SSL Contact Info is due THURSDAY (only if you are changing!) • Amendment Flashcards are due THURSDAY! • Chapter 4 Definition Depot is due FRIDAY! • Wear ORANGE tomorrow! Chapter 4 – The Amendments to the US Constitution http://www.centeroncongr ess.org/the-bill-rights The “Bill of Rights” The “Bill of Rights” Added in 1791, the first 10 amendments are known as the “Bill of Rights”. The purpose is to limit the power of the federal government by protecting the rights of the people It was added because the Anti-Federalists demanded it. “Civil Liberties” The Bill of Rights guarantees “Civil liberties” - freedoms we have to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair treatment. The Amendments place strict limits on how the federal government treats the people. “Civil Liberties” “Civil liberties”, however, do not allow American citizens to do things like break the law. “Your rights end where someone else’s begin”… Your rights are balanced against the rights of others and the good of the community. “R.A.S.S.D.A.T. E.P.S.” “R.A.S.S.D.A.T. R.A.S.S.D.A.T. E.P.S is an easy way to remember the “Bill of Rights”. E.P.S.” “R.A.S.S.D.A.T. E.P.S.” R = Religion, Assembly, Speech, Press, Petition A = Arms (right to bear arms) S = Soldier Quartering S = Search & Seizure (privacy amendment) D = Double Jeopardy, Due process, eminent Domain and you Don’t have to testify against yourself (rights of the accused) A = Attorney & fair and speedy trial in Criminal Cases T = Trial by Jury in Civil Cases over $20 E = Excessive Bail or Cruel and Unusual Punishment P = People’s Rights S = States Rights “The First Amendment” “The First Amendment” Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. “R.A.S.P.P.” “R.A.S.P.P” is a good acronym to remember the major elements of the First Amendment. This amendment protects the 5 basic freedoms that are essential to the American way of life. Religion, Assembly, Speech, Press, Petition!!! 1. “R” = Religion Freedom of Religion prohibits Congress from establishing any official or “state” religion in the U.S. It also guarantees Americans the right to worship or practice any religion they choose (or to not worship at all). Americans special value on freedom of religion since many people moved here to escape religious persecution. 2. “A” = Assembly Freedom of Assembly protects our right to assemble in groups for any reason as long as these assemblies are peaceful in nature. This also allows us to join whatever groups we choose to join… 3. “S” = Speech Freedom of Speech protects your right to say what is on your mind, in public or private, without fear of punishment by the government. Face to face discussions, telephone conversations, lectures, and even “unspoken expressions” are all protected. It does not allow for speech that is harmful to people or that threatens the government. – Slander: spoken lies – Libel: maliciously printing lies Landmark Supreme Court Cases Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier Tinker v. Des Moines During Vietnam War Era School banned protests of any kind Students (Tinker) wore black armbands to silently protests the war and were expelled Is this a 1st Amendment Violation? Students were in charge of writing school newspaper and drafted two articles about pregnancy and divorce. Principal deleted the articles from the school newspaper before printing in fear that students may be identified who were pregnant or from divorced families Is this is a 1st Amendment Violation? 4. “P” = Press Freedom of the press protects our rights to express ourselves in published information and allows us to read what others have published (without “censorship”). This freedom is also limited (as speech) 5. “P” = Petition Freedom of petition guarantees all Americans the right to petition (a formal request) the government. This allows us to express our views to the government.