Thinking About Literature: Approaching Literature “Out, Out” And “Snow” • Read thoughtfully pg. 12-17 of Lit. & Comp. beginning with “Approaching Literature”. • Do the activity on pg. 16 (about 7 pages into your composition notebook), writing approx. 1 paragraph for each: – Experience – Analysis – Extension Experience • Enter the world of the poem! • Respond…anything goes – I don’t like it…because… – I don’t get it…because… – It was sad…because… – People aren’t really as callous as the ones in this poem… Analysis • Go further into the text • Notice as many details as possible • Try to figure out not just what is written, but why • Focus on effect: how the text means – Meaning beyond the actual event in the text Extend • Move beyond the text • Extend your interpretation from the world of the poem to the real world – Research the author’s background – Examine the historical context of the work – Application of the ideas in the piece to general life Analyzing “Out, Out!” by Robert Frost • Define Theme and explain your process for identifying it in a text. • What is Frost saying about home and family? (5min) Analyzing “Out, Out!” by Robert Frost • Structure: – How is this poem organized? What effect does this organizational pattern convey to a reader? • Language: – Identify two examples of effective word choice. Explain their effect and why you believe the poet intentionally used them to enhance his message. (7min) Extending “Out, Out!” • Historical context: – Which time period do you believe provides the setting for “Out, Out!”? – Which contextual clues suggest a particular historical time period? • Philosophical possibilities: – What philosophical comments does the poet imply setting the poem in this historical context? (5min) “Snow” by Julia Alvarez • Poet’s Background: – B. 1950 Dominican Republic – Immigrated to U.S to escape military dictatorship – Excerpt taken from How the Garcia Girls Lost Their Accents, her first novel – Explores the immigrant experience from the viewpoint of a young girl, Yolanda, one of the four Garcia sisters Yolanda’s feelings • unfamiliarity • Separation • Outsider Text connection: • Is the nun being kindly or condescending in her slow enunciation of new vocab words and in her decision to seat Yolanda near her? Historical Context • Cuban Missile Crisis • Cold War • Term “holocaust” Interpretation • What does school mean to Yolanda? – Is it a refuge from the shifts and changes in her home life? • Is Sister Zoey really a kind and caring person, or does she mean well and miss the mark? • Read the last sentence in Yolanda’s voice: is her tone fondly nostalgic or sarcastic? • Is she remembering this incident with affection? anger? both? Interpretation • How does this story treat language—the acquisition of it, the joy of it, the distinction between word and reality? • What about snow: atomic fallout or natural beauty? Extend • Consider the ways young immigrants struggle to make their way in a new land and in a new school, where their new experiences often drive a wedge between themselves and their families.