Date 25-07-2011 | Academic Writing in English A process-based approach Kevin Haines Date 25-07-2011 | Starting points › Target Group(s): a growing heterogeneous group of students studying at Dutch universities/hogescholen BA/MA (wholly/mostly/partly) through English › Level B2 to C1 (relative comfort) › Temporary support with English for Academic Purposes › Provide foundation for future autonomous development of English in context Date 25-07-2011 | The Writing Process Readings confirmed our belief that a process-based approach could be structured to guide flexible support for individual learning paths. Badger & White (2000): A process genre approach to teaching writing. ELT Journal 54/2 April 2000. pp. 153-160. Seow (2002): The writing process and process writing. In: J.C. Richards & W. Redandya (Eds.), Methodology in language teaching: An anthology of current practice (pp.315-320). CUP. Haas, S (2009): Writers’ groups for MA ESOL students: Collaboratively constructing a model of the writing process. ELTED, 12, pp. 23-30. Our aim was to increase learner independence and autonomy during the writing of one or more text(s) . Date 25-07-2011 | Academic Writing in English A process-based approach Arnoud Thuss and Kevin Haines Date 25-07-2011 | Flexibility 1. 2. 3. 4. Selective routes through the book Combinations with other books and resources Duration and students (customizing) Examples Date 25-07-2011 | Flexibility: selective routes › Process: linear (chapter by chapter) or recursive (more texts?) targeting of specific stages of the writing process according to students’ needs › Level: scaffolded to the needs of students (wing system) › Category: task variety structure, style, vocabulary and coherence (content) scaffolding (orientation, peer review etc.) 6 Date 25-07-2011 | Stages in the writing process › › › › › › › Chapter 1 Introduction to academic writing Chapter 2 Pre-writing and the rhetorical situation Chapter 3 Planning Chapter 4 Drafting Chapter 5 Revising Chapter 6 Fine tuning Chapter 7 Editing Date 25-07-2011 | 8 Date 25-07-2011 | 9 Date 25-07-2011 | The wing system (based on Neuner) 10 Date 25-07-2011 | One Wing tasks: receptive tasks for reading and listening comprehension 11 Date 25-07-2011 | Two Wing tasks: strongly guided productive and reproductive tasks 12 Date 25-07-2011 | Three wing tasks: less guided productive tasks 13 Date 25-07-2011 | Four wing tasks / Developing your text: fully communicative tasks / skill application 14 Date 25-07-2011 | Flexibility: duration and students Customization: › › › › Short courses Long courses University Vocational education Date 25-07-2011 | Example 1: Short course › › › › › Hanzehogeschool Groningen – Human Technology Place in curriculum: end of second year Programme: 4 weeks, 2 hours/wk First introduction to academic writing Focus: Organization principles Argumentation Academic vocabulary Formality Linking Date 25-07-2011 | Example 1 › Only part of the book is used (same book used in year 4), focus on 1-3 wing tasks › Tasks are adapted to Human Technology domain if possible, long term assignment (end of chapters) is not used › Final assignment: 750 word descriptive essay in pairs Date 25-07-2011 | Example 2: Long course › University of Groningen – prep course Publishing in English › Place in curriculum: PhD (post Masters) › Programme: 12 weeks, 2 hrs/wk › Preparing for writing scientific publications + remediation › Focus: Grammatical correctness (additionally: Grammar in Use) Academic vocabulary and style Linking Precision and conciseness Date 25-07-2011 | Example 2: Long course › All chapters are used, focus on 3 and 4 wing tasks › Using long term assignment at the end of each chapter › Final assignment: Individual scientific article or report about topic of their specialisation (most students: review article), 1500 words. Two versions (draft + final) Date 25-07-2011 | Flexibility: combination Combine with other books and resources to produce an integrated design. Examples: › Hannay & Lachlan Mackenzie, Effective Writing in English: a sourcebook (Coutinho) › Kirszner & Mandell, The Wadsworth Handbook › Murphy, Grammar in Use (CUP) › McCarthy & O’Dell, Academic Vocabulary in Use (CUP) › Combine with a surround or scaffold, such as a ToolBox/Journal provided through an Electronic Learning Environment such as Blackboard.