A relationship between an independent and a independent variable in which as the independent variable changes the dependent variable changes by a constant amount.
Profit made based on the number of tickets sold to a dance
Constant population growth over time
Cost for an appliance repair based on a set fee and an hourly price
Two relations that represent a comparison with the same information
A set of equations with the same variables
Two lines in the same coordinate plane
Text p. 454
Let s = swim time f = float time
Which is independent?
An equation to represent the record holders time: f + 3f = 44
An equation to represent the amount of time available to swim and float: f + s = 24
S + 3f = 44
S + f = 24
Lines in a plane can : be Parallel…Never intersect
These lines will have no solution
Intersect at only one point
These lines will yield one solution be Co-linear…the same line (one line a scale factor of the other)
These lines will have an infinite number of solutions
1.) x + 2y = 1
2x + 5 = y
2.) 3x – y = 2
12x – 4y = 8
3.) x – 2y = 4 x = 2y - 2
Intersect or are co-linear are said to be consistent because there is at least one ordered pair (point) common to both lines.
Co-linear have an infinite number of common points!
Are parallel are said to be inconsistent because there is not one point common to both lines
If a system has exactly one solution , it is independent, so …. Intersecting lines are independent!!!
If a system has an infinite number of solutions then it is dependent …… Co-linear lines are dependent!!!
These terms DO NOT apply to Parallel Lines
1.) y = 3x – 4 y = -3x + 4
2.) x + 2y = 5
2x + 4y = 2
* Check with graphing
3.) y = -6
4x + y = 2
4.) 2x + 3y = 4
-4x – 6y = -8
The solution when graphing may not be exact
Example: p. 262 Census problem
Addition and Subtraction
Multiplication and Division
Solve for one of the variables in one of the two equations
The one with a coefficient of 1 or with the easiest coefficient to solve for
Substitute the expression equal to the variable into the other equation and solve for the other variable
Use this value to find the value for the original variable.
1.) x + 4y = 1
2x – 3y = -9
2.) 5/2x + y = 4
5x + 2y = 8
3.) 3x + 4y = 7
3/2x + 2y = 11
EJH Labs needs to make
1000 gallons of a 34% acid solution. The only solutions available are
25% acid and 50% acid.
How many gallons of each solution should be mixed to make the
A metal alloy is 25% copper. Another metal alloy is 50% copper.
How much of each alloy should be used to make 1000 grams of metal alloy that is 45% copper?
Use this method when one of the variables’ coefficients in the two equations is the same or are additive inverses
Add or subtract the equations to eliminate a variable
1.) ex p. 469
2a + 4c = 30
2a + 2c = 21.5
2.) 3x – 2y = 4
4x + 2y = 4
The sum of two numbers is 18. The sum of the greater number and twice the smaller number is 25. Find the numbers.
The sum of two numbers Is 27. Their difference is 5. Find the numbers.
Lena is preparing to take the SATs. She has been taking practice tests for a year and her scores are steadily improving. She always scores about 150 higher on math than she does on verbal. She needs a 1270 to get into the college she has chosen. If she assumes that she will still have that 150 difference between the two tests, what will she have to score on each part?
Use this method when all variables have different coefficients
Example p. 475
75p + 30n = 40.05
50p + 60n = 35.10
1.) 2x + 3y = 5
5x + 4y = 16
2.) 3x + 5y = 11
2x + 3y = 7
3.) 2x – 3y = 8
-5x + 2y = 13
A bank teller reversed the digits in the amount of a check and overpaid the customer by $9. The sum of the digits in the two digit amount was 9 Find the amount of the check.
Example 2 and 3 p. 477