Act One scene two • • • • Key events: Prospero tells Miranda how they came to the island Ariel gives an account of the shipwreck – Prospero has kept everyone safe Introduction of Caliban – he resents Prospero for taking his island. We learn that he was banished from Prospero’s cave for attempting to rape Miranda Miranda and Ferdinand meet for the first time Look at lines 1 - 20 Critic Russ McDonald points out that Miranda’s speech is full of “phonetic duplication” (sounds that echo each other, repeated words etc). • Find examples of this E.g.: naught/ daughter, greater/ father • What other “echoes” can you find in the play? Extension: What is the symbolic significance of Shakespeare’s use of echoes? AO2 - structure Prospero’s story: lines 22 - 188 • Which words and phrases does Shakespeare use to show the ways in which Prospero controls the narrative? • Which words and phrases tell us that this is a one-sided history? • How does Shakespeare use language to show Prospero’s rage? • Which words and phrases tells us that Miranda, at least to a certain extent, is afraid of her father? Look at lines 72 – 78. Where has Prospero gone wrong? Some critics think that The Tempest is partly a mirror of the Jacobean court with Prospero representing James I . It is necessarie yee delight in reading, and seeking the knowledge of all lawful things; but with these two restrictions: first, that ye choose idle hours for it, not interrupting therewith the discharge of your office; and next, that ye studie not for knowledge nakedly, but that your principall end be to make you able thereby to use your office - the Basilikon Doran (pub 1599) – James I’s advice to his son Like Prospero, James I was concerned with the marriage of his children, the future of his people and the continuation of the dynasty. He also sometimes neglected his duties in favour of his own interests e.g. hunting. AO5 - alternative interpretation, AO3 - context Imagery: lines 79 - 87 • How has Antonio manipulated Prospero’s subjects? • Identify the music imagery in the scene. Can you find any parallels with other parts of the play? • What is the significance of the ivy imagery in the scene? AO2 – language and structure Lines 120 - 187 • Identify celestial imagery in the passage – why do you think Shakespeare includes this? • What does Prospero mean by the line “with colours fairer painted their foul ends” (143)? What might Shakespeare be saying about storytelling here? • Look at the image of the boat (139 – 150). What might it symbolise? • Which words and phrases show Prospero’s anger? AO2 - language In summary Write down 3 ways in which Shakespeare uses language, structure and form to reveal Prospero’s character.