The American Presidency Article II of the Constitution The President gets his/her power from Article II of the Constitution. The President: Some Facts Elected to a four-year term by the people who elect electors. Must be 35, 14 year resident and a natural born citizen. Presidential Compensation Set by Congress. Can’t be changed during the President’s term. Paid: $400,000 Expense allowance: $50,000 Travel: $100,000 Free housing in White House and Camp David Hundreds of assistants to help with daily life Camp David: Frederick County, Maryland The Two Term Precedent Franklin D. Roosevelt (1933-1945) FDR was the only president to win more than two terms (served March 4, 1933April 12, 1945—he died this day). He led the US through the Depression and WW II. George Washington set the precedent for the limit of two terms until the 22nd Amendment made law in 1951 If the President Dies… Order of succession: Vice President Speaker of the House President Pro Tempore of the Senate Secretary of State Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of Defense Attorney General Secretaries of other departments 7 Roles of the President The president has many powers and duties and each fits into a “Role” The president must balance his time to make sure all of his roles are carefully fulfilled. Role 1: Chief of State Acts as example for and symbol of the United States Represents America at special occasions and ceremonies. Awarding medals and speechmaking are examples of this role. Role 2: Chief Executive Acts as boss of federal bureaucracy Bureaucracy is a large network of individuals and agencies. The Federal Government has 14 different agencies which help the President to enforce the laws made by Congress. The president chooses cabinet members to lead these agencies and to advise him on agency matters (more to come about the Cabinet and its members) Executive Offices The Offices of the Executive Branch are found in the White House and other federal buildings in Washington D.C. Role 3: Chief Diplomat Conducts foreign policy by directing the actions of American ambassadors. Signs treaties and trade agreements with leaders of other nations. President Ford and Soviet General Secretary Leonid I. Brezhnev sign a treaty Role 4: Commander-In-Chief In charge of US Armed Forces. President decides where armed forces are to be stationed, weapons to be used. Role 5: Chief Legislator Congress makes laws. President can propose bills and must sign bills into law. President might ask members of Congress to lobby for his agenda. Presents his agenda to Congress in the annual State of the Union address. Role 6: Chief Legislator President Reagan before a joint-session of Congress. Role 7: Chief of the Party Presidents help members of their party get elected or appointed to office. They make campaign speeches needed for re-election. Head of fund-raising for the party. Role 7: Chief Guardian of the Economy Monitors unemployment, Inflation, taxation, business, and general welfare of the nation. He does not control the economy, but he gets credit if it goes well. The Presidency Why do you think it is the most visible part of the American political system? Does the President really serve the needs of the American people? How does the office of the Presidency actually help the American people?