Unit 3Lesson 1- Judaism Central Beliefs Jewish Culture • Central beliefs of Judaism • Jews believe: • God appointed them to be his chosen people and they are supposed to set an example of holiness and ethical behavior in the world • Jews act the way they do because it is part of their central beliefs and their holy books tell them to act that way Central Beliefs • Belief in one God • monotheism • worlds first monotheistic religion • Jews believe they are Gods chosen people • Abraham, Moses and other leaders Central Beliefs • Justice and Righteousness • kindness and fairness when dealing with others • everyone deserves justice • give aid to those who need it (poor, the sick, orphans) • fair in business dealings • behave properly Central Beliefs (Jews believe that…) • Belief in Law • God gave them religious and moral laws to follow • Most important= 10 Commandments • Don’t: • murder • steal • lie • Mosaic law Central Beliefs • • Sabbath on Saturdays • holy day • rest and spiritual enrichment • eating traditional Sabbath meals Being Kosher • dietary laws (what the Torah says you can and can’t eat) • pork • how you kill an animal • no unnecessary suffering Jewish Texts • The Torah and the Talmud • most sacred Jewish texts • where most of their laws are recorded Synagogue • Jewish house of worship • Rabbis • religious teachers/leaders Mainly located in: How did Judaism Spread • Think back to our previous lesson. How do you think Judaism spread? Sects (Sections)/Denominations • Branches within Judaism: • Messianic Judaism • openly recognizes Jesus as the messiah • practices both worlds • Orthodox Judaism • takes the word of the Torah very literally • Sabbath guidelines • Eating kosher • Hasidic Jews are a branch within orthodox Recap • • • • Name a few of the central beliefs of Judaism What is the most sacred Jewish text? What is a Jewish house of worship called? Where are the two places Jewish population is concentrated? Traditions/Holy Days • Help Jews connect with their past and celebrate their history • Hanukkah • Passover • Rosh Hashanah • Yom Kippur • Bar/Bat Mitzvah • You and your group will be given one of these holy days/ “holidays” to research. I will pick a group who will present this information to the rest of the class. Please note: not all groups will present, I will be choosing who will do this so please, make your work QUALITY. Presentation Guidelines (PowerPoint, Keynote, Prezi) • What is the background and history of this holiday/holy day • Why is it celebrated? • How long does it last? • Are there any special activities or dress for the occasion? • What is the “traditional” holiday/holy day fest or foods (if any). • What are the customs, rituals, and traditions of this holiday?