The Progressive Era Ch 9-1 Four Goals of Progressivism • • The Progressive Movement was a set of reform efforts which aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life. GOALS 1. 2. 3. 4. Protecting social welfare Promoting moral improvement Creating economic reform Fostering efficiency Protecting social welfare- The Social Gospel and settlement inspired other groups such as the YMCA to open libraries, handball courts, pools, and classes. • Salvation Army came about during this time and helped feed the poor in “soup kitchens.” • Florence Kelly was a political activist and advocate for women and children. She helped pass the law that prohibited child labor and limited women’s working hours. Promoting Moral Improvement• People felt that the poor should uplift themselves by improving their own personal behavior. • Prohibition-the banning of alcoholic beverages, was one way to improve behavior. • WCTU-Woman’s Christian Temperance Union-spearheaded the crusade for prohibition. They also worked towards suffrage and opened kindergartens for immigrants. Creating Economic Reform • In 1893 there was a Great Depression that is called the Panic of 1893. The Panic prompts doubt about capitalist economic system. As a result many Americans became Socialists (government controlled economy). • Muckrakers- were journalist who exposed the corruption in politics and business. Fostering Efficiency • Tried to make the workplace more efficient by applying scientific methodologies and data. • Assembly lines became the norm but there was a high worker turnover due to injuries. People worked like machines. Protecting Working Children • Businesses hired children because they could pay them less, they had small hands to handle smaller parts and tools. • Families put their children to work because they contributed to the family’s economy and well being. • National Child Labor Committee gathered evidence of working conditions. Limiting Working Hours • Muller vs. Oregon- Limited women to a 10 hour workday. This was done because large corporations would take advantage of the poor by threatening to fire them if they did not work. • Bunting v. Oregon-Upholds the 10 hour workday for men. • Progressives also succeeded in winning workers’ compensation to aid the families of workers who were hurt or killed on the job.