APUSH Unit V: The Ordeal of Reconstruction Chapter 22 (new book) Chapter 23 (old book) Identifications 1. Freedmen’s Bureau 2. Andrew Johnson 3. 10% Reconstruction Plan 4. Wade-Davis Bill 5. Black Codes 6. Sharecropper 7. Pacific Railroad Act 8. Civil Rights Bill 9. 13th Amendment 10. 14th Amendment 11. 15th Amendment 12. Military Reconstruction 13. Ex parte Milligan 14. Scalawags 15. Carpetbaggers 16. Ku Klux Klan 17. Force Acts 18. Tenure of Office Act 19. Seward’s Folly Study Questions 1. Define the major problems facing the South and the nation after the Civil War. 2. Describe the condition of the newly freed slaves and indicate what efforts were made to assist them. 3. Analyze the differences between the presidential and congressional approaches to reconstruction. 4. Explain how the blunders of President Johnson and the white South opened the door to more radical congressional Reconstruction policies. 5. Describe the actual effects of congressional Reconstruction in the South. 6. Indicate how militant white opposition gradually undermined the Republican attempt to empower blacks. 7. Explain why Reconstruction failed and why it left such a bitter legacy for the future.