Muncie Area Career Center Dental Careers I Course Outline 2015-2016 Teacher: Mrs. Carolyn Brown Telephone: 765-747-5250 E-mail: [email protected] Course Description: Students may enroll for two semesters, three credits per semester in 11-12th grades. Students who meet the required criteria may enroll for a second year in the course titled Health Careers II to continue their study of careers in the field of dentistry. This course is designed to introduce students to the field of dentistry through classroom, lab instruction, and clinic experiences. Students will learn dental assisting skills, dental terminology, infection control, oral anatomy, first aid and CPR, dental charting procedures, four-handed dentistry procedures, professional ethics, and many other skills required to be successful as a Dental Assistant. Students who meet the requirements will participate in a clinical experience in a dentist’s office. This program introduces students to standards and skills required to pass the Dental Association National Board (DANB) Certification test for Dental Assisting. Textbook: Modern Dental Assisting 11th Edition College Credits and Certifications/EPAs: To be determined 2014-2015 Dental Assisting I Precision Exams Course Grading Scale: 9-Week Grades Based on: 30% Lab work and Clinical Internship 30% Assessments (tests, quizzes, and skills assessments) 20% Class assignments, activities, projects 20% Daily Participation and Preparation Activities Muncie Community Schools Grading Scale: 100% - 90% = A 89% - 80% = B First Semester Grade: 1st 9-weeks grade (45%) + 2nd 9-weeks grade (45%) + 2nd Semester Final Exam (10%) 79% - 70% = C Second Semester Grade: 69% - 60% = D 3rd 9-weeks grade (45%) + 4th 9-weeks grade (45%) + 2nd Semester Final Exam (10%) 59% - 50% = F Required Clothing/Tools Needed for Course: Students will be required to purchase uniforms (scrubs), white shoes, and other supplies. Students must also have a TB test before they are allowed to participate in the clinical internship. Job Shadowing Career & Technical Education students are given the opportunity to explore career options and to be exposed to workplace experiences. All Dental students are required to participate in, at least, one job shadowing experience each school year. Special Activities Various guest speakers Local dentists and dental assistants Visits to various colleges Internship Students who have good attendance, have mastered required skills, and who meet all requirements will participate in a limited non-paid internship experience in a dental office. Course Outline / Syllabus – Dental Careers I Week 1-2 Assignment First Semester Introduction to the Dental Profession (Chapters 1-3, pgs. 2-27)(Chapter 29, pgs. 454-467)(Chapter 61, 10481066) The History of Dentistry (Chapter 1 pgs. 2-12) Understanding the history of the field of dentistry from the early times to the present. Identifying the history of both dental assisting and dental hygiene. Describe dental accreditation. The Professional Dental Assistant (Chapter 2 pgs. 13-19) Identifying the educational requirements for each dental team member and the various specialties recognized by the ADA. Describe the various career opportunities. Identifying the professional organizations affiliated with the dental profession. The Dental Healthcare Team (Chapter 3 pgs. 20-27) Identifying all dental healthcare team members in the dental profession. The Special Needs and Medically Compromised Patient (Chapter 29 pgs. 454-467) Identifying the role of the dental assistant. Identifying the aging population. Identifying the special needs patient. Describe the specific disorders of the medically compromised patient. Activities/Assessments Classroom Activities: Students will construct posters that will identify the various dental team positions, their job descriptions, the educational requirements, and potential Student posters will be assessed with a rubric that will be provided for them before project begins in order to inform the students of the teacher’s expectations. Students will demonstrate phone skills as they set up a job shadow experience in a local dental office. Students initial contact phone calls will be observed by the instructor. Students will demonstrate written communication skills by composing a letter of confirmation of the job shadow followed with a thank you letter after the job shadow is completed. Student confirmation, and follow up letters will be proofread, edited, and given a completion grade by the instructor. Communication in the Dental Office (Chapter 61 pgs. 1048-1066) Understanding human behavior. Describe cultural diversity. Identifying communication pathways. Analyze communicating with colleagues. Analyze communicating with patients Demonstrate phone skills Demonstrate written communications salaries. 3 Ethics and Jurisprudence (Chapter 4, pgs. 28-32)(Chapter 5 pgs. 33-45) Dental Ethics (Chapter 3 pgs. 28-32) Understanding the basic principles of ethics. Identifying the professional code of ethics. Classroom Activities: Students will utilize the internet to look up dental malpractice suits and then share what they found with the class to further analyze the lawsuits together in class. Students will be given a set amount of points for their research as it is turned in to the teacher. Dentistry and the Law (Chapter 5 pgs. 33-45) Understanding statutory law. Identifying the State Dental Practice Act. Describing the Dentist patient relationship. Identifying malpractice. Understanding risk management. 4-6 Oral Health and Prevention of Dental Disease Lab Activities: (Chapter 13, pgs. 174-184, Chapter 14, pgs. 189-198, Chapter 15, pgs. 199- Students will demonstrate oral hygiene instructions to the 219,and Chapter 16, pgs. 224-240) patient in a clinical setting. Dental Caries (Chapter 13, pgs. 174-184) Identifying bacterial infection. Describe the caries process. Understanding early childhood caries Describe the importance of saliva. Students will be assessed in the clinic giving oral hygiene instructions with a rubric. Students will construct MyPlate.gov posters with the current dietary guidelines. Identify caries diagnosis. Understanding CAMBRA. Describe methods of caries intervention. Analyze caries risk assessment tests. Periodontal Disease (Chapter 14, pgs. 189-198) Define periodontal disease and its prevalence. Identify periodontal disease and systemic health. Identify causes of periodontal disease. Identify types of periodontal disease. Describe periodontal disease. Preventive Dentistry (Chapter 15, pgs. 199-219) Define partners in prevention. Identify early dental care. Identify dental sealants. Describe oral health and aging. Identify fluoride. Analyze nutrition and dental caries. Construct a plaque control program. Nutrition (Chapter 16, pgs. 224-240) Describe nutrition and the dental assistant. Understand the Healthy People 2020 report. Identify nutrient recommendations. Understand MyPlate. Identify carbohydrates, proteins, fats (lipids), vitamins, minerals, and water. Define diet modification. Analyze a dietary analysis. Understanding the reading of food labels. Identifying healthy habits. Students will be given a predetermined amount of points if all instructions are followed when constructing their MyPlate.gov posters. Students will demonstrate topical fluoride treatments in the clinical setting. Instructor will assess the students demonstrating topical fluoride application through clinical observation. Students will demonstrate application of dental sealants on a typodont in the clinical setting. Instructor will assess the students demonstrating dental sealants application on a typodont through clinical observation. Students will construct a month long dietary menu that will track their own nutrition to analyze when finished. Students will be given a predetermined amount of points for completed menu. 7-9 Infection Prevention in Dentistry (Chapter 18, pgs. 266-279, Chapter 19, pgs. 280-307, and Chapter 20, pgs. 314-327) Lab Activities: Students will demonstrate proper handwashing technique before gloving. Microbiology (Chapter 18, pgs. 266-279) Identifying the pioneers of microbiology. Understand Koch’s postulates. Describe the major groups of microorganisms. Identify viral, bacterial, and pandemic diseases. Students will demonstrate proper handwashing for instructor for clinical observation assessment. Students will demonstrate the proper donning and removal of gloves technique. Disease Transmission and Infection Prevention (Chapter 19, pgs. 280-307) Describe the chain of infection. Define types of infections. Identify modes of disease transmission. Understand the immune system. Describe disease transmission in the dental office. Define the roles and responsibilities of the CDC and OSHA in infection control. Understand the guidelines for infection control in dental healthcare settings. Identify the OSHA Blood-borne Pathogens standard. Demonstrate infection control practices. Identify high tech equipment. Describe latex allergies. Identify waste management in the dental office. Principles and Techniques of Disinfection (Chapter 20, pgs. 314-327) Identify environmental infection control. Identify greener infection control. Students will demonstrate for instructor the donning and removal of gloves for clinical observation assessment. Students will demonstrate the proper technique of putting on and removal of personal protective equipment. Students will demonstrate for instructor the putting on and removal of PPE for clinical observation assessment. Labs: Students will demonstrate the placing and removal of surface barriers in the clinical setting. Students will demonstrate treatment room cleaning and disinfection in the clinical setting. Students will demonstrate the operation of an ultrasonic cleaner. Students will demonstrate the operation of an autoclave. Students will demonstrate the sterilization of instruments with the autoclave. Students will demonstrate sterilizing dental materials with liquid sterilant. 10-13 Principles and Techniques of Instrument Processing and Sterilization (Chapter 21, pgs. 330-348) Describe the classification of patient care items Demonstrate transporting and processing contaminated patient care items. Identify the instrument-processing area. Demonstrate precleaning and packaging instruments. Describe the methods of sterilization. Identify sterilization monitoring. Demonstrate handpiece sterilization. Students will perform biological monitoring. Students will demonstrate the sterilization of dental handpiece. Sciences in Dentistry (Chapter 8, pgs. 81-104, Chapter 9, pgs. 105-129, Chapter 10, pgs. 130-138, Chapter 11, pgs. 139-153, and Chapter 12, pgs. 154-171) Lab Activity: Students will identify the oral cavity landmarks with a lab partner in the clinical setting. Oral Embryology and Histology (Chapter 8, pgs. 81-104) Identifying oral embryology Identifying oral histology Head and Neck Anatomy (Chapter 9, pgs. 105-129) Identifying the regions of the head. Identifying the bones of the skull. Describe the Temporomandibular joints. Identifying the muscles of the head and neck. Identifying the salivary glands. Describe the blood supply to the head and neck. Identify the nerves of the head and neck. Identify the paranasal sinuses. Students will demonstrate all clinical lab activities listed above for instructor for clinical observation assessment. Students will be assessed by instructor with a rubric. Landmarks of the Face and Oral Cavity (Chapter 10, pgs. 130-138) Identify the landmarks of the face. Describe the oral cavity. Describe the oral cavity proper. Overview of the Dentitions (Chapter 11, pgs. 139-153) Describe the dentition periods. Identify the dental arches. Identify the types and functions of the teeth. Identify the tooth surfaces. Describe the anatomic features of the teeth. Diagram the angles and the divisions of the teeth. Compare occlusion and malocclusion. Describe stabilization of the arches .Describe the tooth numbering systems. Tooth Morphology (Chapter 12, pgs. 154-171) Identify the anterior permanent dentition. Identify the posterior permanent dentition. Identify the primary dentition. 14 Dental Charting (Chapter 28, pgs. 428-443) Oral Diagnosis and Treatment Planning (Chapter 28, pgs. 428-443) Describe the examination and diagnostics techniques. Define instrumentation. Demonstrate the recording of the dental examination. Describe the clinical examination of the patient. Construct a treatment plan. . Lab Activity: Students will demonstrate charting of the patient in a clinical setting. Students will be assessed by instructor with a rubric. 15-18 Radiographic Imaging (Chapter 38, pgs. 596-616, Chapter 39, pgs. 617-637, Chapter 41, pgs. 661679, and Chapter 42, pgs. 706-722) Foundations of Radiography, Radiographic Equipment, and Radiation Safety (Chapter 38, pgs. 596-616) Identifying the discovery of X radiation. Understanding radiation physics. Identify the dental x-ray machine. Describe x-ray production. Describe types of radiation. Identify the characteristics of an x-ray beam. Identify radiation effects. Identify radiation measurement. Describe radiation safety. Digital Imaging, Dental Film, and Processing Radiographs (Chapter 39, pgs. 617-637) Define digital radiography. Describe types of digital imaging systems. Identify x-ray film and film processing. Manipulate positioning instruments. Identify dental film. Describe types of film. Demonstrate film processing. Intraoral Imaging (Chapter 41, pgs. 661-679) Describe a full mouth survey. Identify intraoral imaging techniques. Demonstrate the paralleling technique. Demonstrate the bisecting technique. Demonstrate the bitewing technique. Lab Activities: Students will demonstrate radiograph duplication. Students will perform manual film processing. Students will demonstrate film processing with an automatic film processor. Students will demonstrate the practice of infection control during film exposure. Students will demonstrate the practice of infection control with the use of a daylight loader. Demonstrate the occlusal technique. Identify patients with special medical needs. Identify patients with special dental needs. Describe dental imaging technique errors. Demonstrate mounting dental radiographs. Extraoral Imaging (Chapter 42, pgs. 706-722) Describe panoramic imaging Identify three- dimensional digital imaging. Identify specialized extraoral imaging. . Course Outline / Syllabus – Dental Careers I Week 19-22 Assignments Second Semester Foundation of Clinical Dentistry (Chapter 32, pgs. 500-511, Chapter 33, pgs. 513-522, Chapter 34, pgs. 528-540, Chapter 35, pgs. 542-554, Chapter 36, pgs. 556568, and Chapter 37, pgs. 575-588) The Dental Office (Chapter 32, pgs. 500-511) Describe the design of the dental office. Describe the office environment. Activities/Assessments Lab Activities: Performing morning office routine (opening the office) Performing evening office routine (closing the office) Demonstrate admitting and seating the patient. Construct an examination instrument set up. Identifying hand cutting instruments. Construct a restorative instrument set up. Identifying accessory instruments and items. Identify clinical equipment. Describe the care of the dental equipment. Describe the morning and evening routines for dental assistants. Delivering Dental Care (Chapter 33, pgs. 513-522) Understanding your patients. Analyzing the patient record. Preparing the treatment area. Perform greeting and seating the patient. Define team dentistry. Identify motion economy. Identify the operating zones. Demonstrate instrument transfer. Describe expanded functions. Dental Hand Instruments (Chapter 34, pgs. 528-540) Identify hand instruments. Identify instrument classification. Dental Handpiece and Accessories (Chapter 35, pgs. 542-554) Describe the evolution of rotary equipment. Identify dental handpieces. Identify rotary cutting instruments. Identify dental burs, abrasives, and lab burs. Moisture Control (Chapter 36, pgs. 556-568) Identify oral evacuation systems. Perform rinsing of the oral cavity. Describe isolation of the teeth. Perform application of the dental dam. Demonstrate attaching dental handpieces. Demonstrate attaching burs for rotary cutting instruments. Perform positioning of the high volume evacuator Perform a mouth rinse. Demonstrate one handed instrument transfer. Demonstrate two handed instrument transfer. Demonstrate use of the dental mirror intraorally. Demonstrate use of a dental instrument intraorally Demonstrate placement and removal of cotton rolls. Demonstrate preparation, placing, and removal of the dental dam. Perform placement of a topical anesthetic. Demonstrate the assembly of a local anesthetic syringe. Students will be assessed by instructor of all lab activities listed above with both clinical observation and a rubric. Anesthesia and Pain Control (Chapter 37, pgs. 575-588) Identify topical anesthetic. Define local anesthesia. Describe electronic anesthesia. Describe inhalation sedation. Identify antianxiety agents. Identify intravenous sedation. Define general anesthesia. Perform documentation of anesthesia and pain control. . 23-26 Dental Materials (Chapter 43, pgs. 728-745,Chapter 44, pgs. 750-757, Chapter 45, pgs. 766-772, Chapter 46, pgs. 779-791, and Chapter 47, pgs. 800-810) Restorative and Esthetic Dental Materials (Chapter 43, pgs. 728745) Describe the standardization of dental materials. Identify the properties of dental materials. Identify direct restorative materials and esthetic materials. Identify temporary restorative materials. Identify tooth-whitening materials. Identify indirect restorative materials. Lab Activities: Perform mixing and transferring dental amalgam. Perform preparation of composite resin. Perform mixing of intermediate restorative materials (IRM). Perform mixing of zinc phosphate. Perform mixing of zinc oxide-eugenol cement. Perform mixing of polycarboxylate cement. Perform mixing of glass ionomer for permanent cementation. Perform mixing of alginate impression material. Perform taking a maxillary and mandibular impression. Perform taking a wax bite registration. Perform mixing polysiloxane material for a bite registration. Perform mixing dental plaster. Perform pouring dental models using the inverted-pour method. Perform trimming and finishing models. Perform construction of a vacuum-formed custom tray. Students will be assessed by instructor for all lab activities listed above with a rubric. Dental Liners, Bases, and Bonding Systems (Chapter 44, 750757) Describe prepared tooth structures. Identify pulpal responses. Identify dental liners. Identify dental varnish. Identify dental desensitizer. Identify dental bases. Identify dental etchant. Identify dental bonding. Dental Cements (Chapter 45, Pgs. 766-772) Describe the classification of dental cements. Analyze the variables affecting final cementation. Identify types of cement. Describe cement removal Impression Materials (Chapter 46, pgs. 779-791) Identify the classification of impressions. Identify impression trays. Define hydrocolloid materials. Define elastomeric materials. Describe an occlusal (bite) registration. Laboratory Materials and Procedures (Chapter 47, pgs. 800-810) Describe safety in the dental laboratory. Identify dental laboratory equipment. Construct dental models. Construct custom impression trays. Identify dental waxes. . 27-29 Patient Information and Assessment (Chapter 30, pgs. 469-478, and Chapter 31, pgs. 479-487) Principles of Pharmacology (Chapter 30, pgs. 469-478) Identify the overview of drugs. Identify the dispensing of drugs. Identify drug reference materials. Describe drug dosage. Identify drugs commonly prescribed in dentistry. Identify drugs commonly prescribed in medicine. Identify adverse drug effects. Assisting in a Medical Emergency (Chapter 31, pgs. 479-487) Describe how to prevent a medical emergency. Describe emergency preparedness. Identifying a medical emergency. Identify emergency care standards. Identify emergency equipment and supplies. Describe emerge Demonstrate responding ncy responses. Identify common medical emergencies experienced in the dental office. Describe documentation of a medical emergency. 30-36 Lab Activities: Perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation CPR (one person). Perform response to a patient with an obstructed airway (FBAO). Perform operation of an automated external defibrillator (AED). Demonstrate responding to the unconscious patient. Demonstrate responding to the patient with chest pain. Demonstrate responding to the patient who is experiencing a cerebrovascular accident (stroke). Demonstrate responding to the patient with a breathing problem. Demonstrate responding to the patient experiencing an allergic reaction. Demonstrate responding to the patient experiencing a convulsive seizure. Demonstrate responding to the patient experiencing a diabetic emergency Students will take the CPR, AED, and first aid certification test through the American Heart Association. Non-Paid Internship with Local Dental Office Students are required to complete the following procedures/forms before their first day in the dental office: 1. The student will work with the instructor to select the dental office where the internship experience will occur. 2. The student must complete the MACC Application for Internship Experience Agreement (requires the signatures of the student, the student’s parents, and sending school personnel). Students will be evaluated by instructor during on-site visits to each dental office hosting a student. Students will be evaluated by the dental office with a rubric they will receive during student’s internship. 3. The student must complete the MCS-MACC Extended Laboratory Experience Agreement (student and parent’s signature required). 4. The student must read and sign the training plan. 5. The student must complete all additional requirements assigned by the classroom instructor. During the hours of the internship experience, the student is considered an intern and not an employee of the company. Therefore, the student CANNOT receive any wages or other benefits during the internship experience. REQUIREMENT: The student is required to return to the classroom one day each week. Failure to follow any of the above procedures may result in the student’s removal from the internship.