(P) Poppies – Aguonos
Papaver somniferum
a. BIG - Tasmania, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan
b. RED – “Wizard of Oz” - USA
These poppies are annuals, which means they grow, flower, and fruit in one season, then die. They
generally like cool weather best. Barely cover the papaver somniferum seeds, and sow sparsely so you
will have less to thin. The papaver somniferum seeds will germinate in 10-21 days and do best when the
soil temperature is coolish, 60-65 degrees F (or air temperature of 55 degrees F). They will not grow if it
is too warm. I have gotten the papaver somniferum seeds to germinate at 80 degrees F., although they
obviously don't like it. What works better if it's warm is to plant them in peat pellets as usual and then put
them in the refrigerator for a week. They will not germinate in there, but when you take them out, they
will germinate en masse. This is a great way to get them around germinating in warm weather.
Thin seedlings by cutting off the tops with a scissors, leaving only the 2 or 3 healthiest looking per peat
pellet. Pot them up pellet and all when they at least have their first true leaves, which are the second
pair. I usually let my plants go until small roots are coming out the bottom or sides of the pellet.
While the papaver somniferum seeds are just coming up, watch out for damping off (fungus); if this
happens, they suddenly keel over in unison. To avoid this, make sure they get air circulation (you can
use a slow fan on the sprouts, which will strengthen stems also) and that they are not sopping wet.
Another way to avoid damping off and build strong stems is to just lightly brush your hand over the tops
of the plants every day. Most plants enjoy human contact.
Pot in soil that is not too heavy; mix sand, vermiculite, peat moss in if the soil is full of clay. Garden soil
is too heavy for pot-bound plants. I get the best results with high quality potting soil, like Scott's, with
some Black Cow Composted Manure (it doesn't smell) and a bit of sand. If you want good plants, it is
worth it to invest in good soil.
Poppies can be grown indoors with lights (but keep temps cool). Papaver somniferum seeds can be
sown in fall if your winters are mild and you can give them some protection, or they can grow indoors in
a cool sunny room (a sunporch is great). Outside, grow them in full sun and good soil that is not too wet.
They will also grow well outside during the winter in the Deep South.
Poppies hybridize easily. If you do not exclude the pollen of other varieties, and you save the papaver
somniferum seeds from year to year, eventually you will get more and more poppies of the dominant
types--single-petaled lavender and white. If you want to preserve the seeds of a particular strain, then
choose your biggest or earliest or healthiest, and as soon as the bud begins to open, cover it with a light
cheesecloth or cheap muslin sack, the type used for small amounts of pot pourri or tea, or just make
one from a bit of thin, white cloth. Tie lightly. Some people use little paper bags; others clip the petals
closed. This is just to keep the bees off. Replace them when it rains so the plant doesn't get
waterlogged. Take it off every day to fertilize the flower by brushing the pollen from the stamens (wiry
things) to the ovary (in the center) lightly with an artist's paintbrush. When the petals fall, you can take
the sack off, and the seeds produced by that pod should be the pure strain.
You can use this same technique to make your own hybrids, taking pollen from one type and putting it
on another, which you cover in order to exlude all other pollen. What you get will be a mixed bag, but
that is the fun of hybridizing. If you get something you really like, make sure to keep that plant selffertilized until you get a good dependable seed for it.
Fruiting plants (which includes producing a papaver somniferum seeds pod) need more sun than any
other kind of plant. Keep this in mind if trying to grow poppies for their papaver somniferum seeds pod
indoors. You will need very good growing lights to get decent "fruit" production.
Good Luck!
(B) Beet – Burokai
Betabel cylindra (Heirloom) - USA
Unique cylindrical, great taste, perfect for canning and slicing.
Full sun.
Sow in rows 12” apart or in raised beds 3” apart. Sow in well-worked soil after danger of frost in spring.
Sow ½” deep and cover with fine soil. Seedlings emerge in 14-21 days. Thin to stand about 3” apart
when seedlings are 1-2” tall. Harvest 60 days.
(C) Carrots – Morkos
Daucus carota - USA
MULTI COLOR AND FLAVOR
Full sun.
Sow in rows 12” apart or in raised beds 2” apart. Sow in well-worked soil 2-3 weeks before the last frost
of the spring. Sow 1/4” deep and cover with fine soil. Keep moist in full sun. Seedlings emerge in xx-xx
days. Thin to stand about 2” apart when seedlings are 1-2” tall. Harvest xx days.
Mix of purple, yellow, red and white carrots is sure to delight—each with their own unique qualities.
Purple has smooth skin, coreless orange flesh and is sweet and tasty.
Yellow holds its sunny hue inside and out, is crunchy, sweet and juicy.
White is mild and delicious
Red has high lycopene levels as well as a crispy texture that is great cooked.
(F1) Calendula (Pot Marigold) - Medetka
Callendula officialinis (Edible Flower - petals) Annual - USA
Season:
Annual
Height:
12” - 18”
Bloom Season:
Spring to Fall
Bloom Color:
Orange and Yellow
Light Required: Sun
Depth:
¼” - ½”
Soil Moisture:
Average
Plant Spacing:
12”-15”
Days to Germination 10 – 20 days
Germination % Test 88%
This flower is also called the old fashioned marigold or also known as the Pot marigold. They are long
stemmed double flowers in a wide range of flowers. This flower is great for cut arrangements. This a
profuse bloomer that can be used for borders. Calendulas are a great background for fall mums. This
plant also has many medicinal uses.
(F2) Bachelor Button (Common Cornflower) - Rugiagėlė
Centaurea cyanus (Edible Flower - petals) Annual - USA
Bachelor buttons are easy to grow from seeds outdoors. Sow in spring, 1 to 2 weeks before the last
expected frost, for early summer blooms.
Sow seeds 1/4 inch deep and 1 inch apart. The seeds need complete darkness to germinate, so
make sure they are well covered.
When seedlings are 1 to 2 inches tall, thin them to 6 to 8 inches apart.
The first blooms appear 10 to 12 weeks after planting, and last for about a month.
Successive plantings can extend the bloom period.
(F3) Johnny Jump Up (Common Cornflower) – Trislalvė Našlaitė
Viola tricolor (Edible Flower - petals) Annual - Perennial - USA
Season: Perennial USDA Zones: 3 – 9
Height: 6 inches Bloom
Season: Spring through fall Bloom
Color: Mix
Environment: Full sun to partial shade
Temperature: 65 - 75F
Average Germ Time: 14 - 21 days
Light Required: Yes
Depth: Seeds must be covered thinly, no more than the thickness of the seed
Moisture: Keep seed moist until germination
Plant Spacing: 6 inches
(F4) Dianthus (Chinese Carnation) – Kininis Gvaizdikas
Dianthus chinensis (Edible Flower - petals) Perennial - China
Name :
Dianthus
Quatity in each pack :
50 seeds
Sowing Temperature :
15 - 25 C
Growing Temperature :
5 - 25 C
Grow up / Flower days
90 days
Five-inch carnation is a perennial herb is a biennial cultivated, cold and avoid the summer
heat, hi, good drainage and fertile soil. Plant height 15-20CM, color the center of the red,
white, and white, red, light pink to the center red mixed color, full bloom cover the leaves,
really floral Hang.
Germination temperature :15-25 °C, the optimum growth temperature: 5 to 25 ° C
Gently covering soil after sowing and watering,5-6 days of germination, sowing too dense
need thinning, transplanting heel this leaves 2-3 pieces, this leaves 4-5 pieces of
colonization. When planting, Miao Lian soil digging, planting in pots or flower beds, plant
spacing 15-20cm pot plants 10-12cm pots with heavy fertilizer to cultivate after April pay
attention to ventilation, control of water, so that branches of hard to avoid the high
temperature of spent the first extension is too long.
(F5) Common Chicory – Paprastoji Trūkažolė
Chicorum intybus (Edible Flower – leaves & roots) Perennial - USA
Chicory is a very versatile plant that is equally cherished as a flower and as an herb. Chicory seeds can
be planted in the most challenging of conditions, and actually tend to thrive in less-than-ideal
soil. Though chicory is most famously used in teas, it has also traditionally been used to flavor coffees
as well. Plant outdoors in a sunny spot with proper drainage. They look great planted in the back of the
flower bed or mixed in a wildflower garden.
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Zone: 3-9
Latin Name: Cichorium intybus
Type: Native Flower United States
Color: Blue
Cycle: Perennial
Height: 36-78"
Germination Time: 10-28 Days
Bloom Season: Summer
Environment: Full sun
Temperature: 65 - 75F
Average Germ Time: 10 - 28 days
Height: 42” – 78”
Depth: Seeds must be covered thinly, 1/8”
Moisture: Keep seed moist until germination
Plant Spacing: 16”-24” inches
(F6) Signet Marigold – Serentis
Tagetes tenuifolia (Edible Flower - flowers) - Ukraine
Seed outdoors a few weeks before the last frost of spring. The seeds should be lightly covered when
sown. They should ideally be grown in a sunny area of the garden that receives shade in the afternoon.
If stsrting indoors, then sow the seeds 7 weeks before the last expected frost of spring; they should be
transplanted outdoors following the last frost. It is important to water the young seedlings.
Sowing depth: 1-1.5cm (1/2 inch)
Distance between plants: 20-30cm (10-12 inches).
Their scent repels insects such as mosquitoes, small animals and smaller, burrowing insects. T.
tenuifolia is one of these and is often planted near small creeks or puddle prone areas to repel bugs,
especially mosquitoes. Marigolds insect repelling effect lasts long after being removed. Even up to three
years after, it may be having effects. For this reason, marigolds are often planted in crop fields, then
removed for the crops to be planted. This means that less of the plants get eaten by insects. It is also is
very safe and has no toxic effects on the environment, as some industry sprays and poisons do
Rapeseed – Rapsas
Brassica napus (Edible Flower - leaves and stems) - China
No more than 1/4 inch deep in a good seedbed. I worked the ground over with a 6' rototiller, broadcast
my seed, and ran over it with a water filled drum pulled behind a golf cart! Probably could have just let
the rain sow it.
Rape thrives on fertile land that is adapted to corn and if not overgrazed provides abundant forage over
.
Dutch (white) Clover – Baltasis Dobilas
Trifolium repens (Edible Flower – additives to salad, flowers, leaves, roots) - USA
http://www.wikihow.com/Grow-a-Clover-Lawn
4 seeds per square inch, water.
Showy Milkweed – Asklepias
Asclepias speciosia (Monarch butterfly food source) - USA
Growing instructions:
http://www.livemonarch.com/growinginstructions.htm