Name: ________________________________________________
Block: ______________
Endocrine System through Adolescence (Chapter 16 and 17)
1. Write as much as you know at this point about how hormones support our growth and the
health of different body systems.
2. Read pages 433-436 and fill in the information below regarding hormones and glands
Vocabulary:
Endocrine system -
Glands -
Pituitary gland -
Describe the main function of the endocrine system
Explain the jobs done by different hormones (refer to chart on page 434)
Growth
Adrenaline
Melatonin
Corticosteroids
Thyroxine
Identify disorders of the endocrine system:
Cause and effect: List the effect caused by the glands listed below
Adrenal glands:
Pituitary gland:
Thyroid gland:
Define Reproductive System -
Male Reproductive System (pages 437 – 441)
*Label the following parts of the male reproductive systemUrethra, penis, prostate gland, epididymus, testes, scrotum
*Match the following terms with the correct definition by drawing a line.
Urethra
A. store sperm (temp.) to mature
Penis
B. make sperm & testosterone. : 2 small glands-
Prostate Gland
regulate male sexual development
Epididymus
C. “urine here” from bladder to external
Testes
(or semen)
Scrotum
D. external sexual organ, spongy tissue, with many blood
vessels. Urethra runs through middle.
E. a sac that holds testes
F. produce seminal fluid to feed sperm, protection
and make fluid (SEMEN) for movement
*Describe each problem of the male reproductive system.
Testicular or Prostate Cancer-
Inguinal Hernia-
Sterility-
Testicular Torsion-
Define the following vocabulary words:
Sperm -
Hernia -
Fertilization -
Ovulation -
Menstruation -
Menstrual cycle -
Female Reproductive System
*Label the following parts of the female reproductive systemovary, cervix, vagina, uterus, fallopian tube, labia
*Match the following terms with the correct definition by drawing a line.
Ovary
A. “womb” shelters and nourishes the fetus
Cervix
B. folds of skin that cover the vagina
Vagina
C. the opening of the uterus, enlarges at birth
Uterus
D. carry eggs from ovaries to uterus. Fertilization
Labia
Fallopian Tube
takes place
E. eggs are stored here (ova), and hormones
(estrogen & progesterone) that cause the eggs to mature
F. muscular passageway from the uterus to
external body (passage way for menstrual flow
& sperm)
*Describe each problem of the female reproductive system.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)-
Toxic Shock Syndrome-
Sterility-
Vaginitis-
Cancer-
Yeast Infection-
Explain the 3 functions of the female reproductive system
1.
2.
3.
Identify problems of the male and female reproductive systems.
Describe ways to keep your reproductive system healthy.
Compare and contrast the two systems
Similarities:
Differences:
Heredity and Human Development- Define the following vocabulary words (p. 450 – 456)
Chromosome -
Fertilization –
Umbilical Cord -
Egg Cell -
Uterus -
Embryo –
Sperm Cell -
Fetus -
Placenta -
Cervix -
Genes -
Genetic Disorders -
Combining Chromosomes
______ Chromosomes
______ Chromosomes
____ Chromosomes
____Chromosomes
FERTILIZATION
23 + 23 =
______Chromosomes
What is occurring at each month?
Stages of Fetus Development
4 Weeks –
8 Weeks –
12 Weeks –
16 Weeks –
20 Weeks –
24 Weeks –
28 Weeks –
32 Weeks –
36 Weeks –
40 Weeks –
Explain how a single cell develops into a baby
Describe the stages of birth
Stage 1:
Stage 2:
Stage 3:
Access information on the physical and emotional changes a pregnant female experiences
Read pages 455 – 459
Vocabulary: define the words below.
Heredity -
Chromosomes -
Genes -
Genetic disorder -
Environment -
Prenatal care -
Birth defects -
Explain how characteristics are passed from parent to child
Identify factors that could cause birth defects
Explain the importance of prenatal care
Access information on your family’s health history (ask your family tonight what kinds of things run in
the family such as longevity – old age, heart disease, diabetes, short or tall stature, etc.)
Read pages 460 – 465
Vocabulary:
Developmental tasks -
Infancy -
Toddlers -
Preschoolers -
Puberty -
Erickson’s Stages of Life
Take a look at the chart attached of Erickson’s stages of life. Try to remember things your parents have
told you about that time of your life (infancy – middle childhood) or things you actually remember from
that stage (late childhood and adolescence) and list it below
Stage of Life
Infancy
Age
Characteristic of stage
Early Childhood
Middle Childhood
Late Childhood
Adolescence
Early Adulthood
Middle Adulthood
Late Adulthood
Physical Changes during Puberty p. 463
Female
Male
Developmental Task
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