Second Year Geography Stream SEMESTER ONE - Choose at least Two Modules: Module GES211:Catchment Studies Module GES212:Transport and Travel Module GES213:Maps and Aerial Photographs YEAR 2 SEMESTER ONE MODULE DESCRIPTION Catchment Studies (GES211) Content: This course covers aspects such as weathering and mass wasting; fluvial processes and landforms; topical issues: rock art, gravestone weathering, landforms as tourism attractions. Students will be able to identify and explain the key factors shaping the surface of the land (weathering, mass wasting) and understand the importance of fluid agents in the process of denudation (how running water erodes, transports and deposits sediment). They will also learn about topical issues in the study of geomorphology. Transport and Travel (GES212) Content: This course includes aspects such as: Technology: modes, vehicles & infrastructure; Transport services: speed, capacity, safety; freight & passenger; mobility & accessibility; Transport & the 'shrinking' world; Journeys & markets: global, national & local; Transport problems: congestion, pollution, accidents; social exclusion. Students will understand the elements of transport & travel, acquire key concepts & measures and obtain knowledge about transport problems Maps and Aerial photographs (GES213) Content: Zenithal, cylindrical and conic projections Preservation of scale, area, shape and direction Co-ordinate referencing systems: datums, geoids, ellipsoids and control survey networks Map reading, analysis and synthesis: problem identification, calculation of distances, surfaces, gradients, volumes and densities; (re)mapping of mapped information Remote Sensing Data Collection techniques; aerial photo types, image procurement,analyses and calculations (scales, terrain heights, altimeter heights, appearance ratios) At the end of this course students will understand: cartography and basic map projections as systematic ways in which the spherical earth is represented on a flat surface. the South African coordinate referencing system. how to read, analyse, interpret and synthesise mapped information. the basic principles of aerial photography (as 'another method' in Remote Sensing), aerial stereoscopy and aerial photo analysis. SEMESTER TWO - Choose at least Two Modules: Module GES221 :Urban Studies Module GES222 :Global Population Crises Module GES223 :Climatology YEAR 2 SEMESTER TWO MODULE DESCRIPTION Urban Studies (GES221) Content: Nature and scope of the urban environment Urbanization and urban growth in South Africa Urban environmental management issues Housing and urban reconstruction in South Africa Urban settlement policies At the end of the course students will have an understanding of the processes of urbanisation, the socio-economic and spatial ordering of urban settlements, basic urban environmental issues and basic urban development management. Global Population Crises (GES222) Content: History of population growth Theories of population growth The magnitude of global population growth and its consequences Fertility & AIDS in Africa -South African population problems At the end of the course students will be able to explain population growth, apply different theories of population growth, explain the consequences of rapid population growth, and analyse measures to curb rapid population growth globally Climatology (GES223) Content: Atmospheric moisture and precipitation South Africa's weather patterns Climate classification and topical issues in climatology At the end of this course students will be able to identify important concepts and processes, such as: humidity, adiabatic process, clouds and precipitation; be able to explain the basic weather processes in South Africa; learn climate classification and learn topical issues in climatology: ozone depletion, greenhouse effect, indoor air pollution, atmospheric energy sources.