Mathematics Adding and Subtracting Decimals: Lesson Nine Number: VC1516 Grade Level: P/I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To define the location of the decimal point. 2) To compare decimal fractions. 3) To add decimal numbers. 4) To subtract decimal numbers. Adding and Subtracting Integers: Lesson Sixteen Number: VC1523 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To compare integers. 2) To add integers. 3) To subtract integers. 4) To apply the rules for order of operations to problems involving the addition and subtraction of integers. Addition and Subtraction: Lesson One Number: VC1508 Grade Level: P/I Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) How to use the Basic Math series. 2) How to explain the meaning of the word number. 3) To demonstrate the ability to add whole numbers. 4) To demonstrate the ability to subtract whole numbers. Adding Fractions: Lesson Five Number: VC1512 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To add fractions with like denominators. 2) To add fractions with unlike denominators. 3) To convert fractional answers to simplest terms. 4) To add mixed numbers. Algebra (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1560 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 54 min. 1. Aw Chute—Determining and comparing the rate of descent of various student-constructed parachutes. (27 min.) 2. In a Heartbeat—Using scatter plots to determine the correlation between heartbeats per minutes before and after aerobic exercise. (26 min.) Algebra; Function Patterns; Solving Linear Equations (Grades 7-12): Tape and Lesson Plans (High School Math Project) Number: VC1565 Grade Level: 7-12 Length: 112 min. 1. MATHLINE Overview—An overview of the entire MATHLINE service. (10 min.) 2. Algebra for All? (Algebra Education)—Featuring Gail Burrill, past President of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, and Dr. Jim Fey, Professor of Curriculum Instruction and Mathematics, discussing issues related to the learning and the teaching of Algebra for the 21st century. (28 min.) 3. Getting Out of Line (Function Patterns)—Investigating connections among graphs, tables, and symbolic representations for lines, parabolas, inverse and exponential models. (34 min.) 4. The Yo-Yo Pattern (Solving Linear Equations)—Solving linear equations using algebra titles, symbol manipulation, and graphs. (39 min.) Algebra Part 1 Number: VC1540 Grade Level: J/H Length: 95 min. This video discusses: 1) What is Algebra? 2) Functions. 3) Linear equations. Algebra Part 2 Number: VC1541 Grade Level: J/H Length: 110 min. This video introduces: 1) Quadratic equations. 2) Quadratic roots and factors. 3) Polynomials. Algebraic Reasoning Through Problem Solving (Grades 3-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Algebraic Thinking Math Project) Number: VC1555 Grade Level : 3-8 Length: 75 min. 1) Snake Patterns-s-s-s—Interpreting and extending a pattern found in snakes; finding patterns to make a general rule; predicting the outcome for any stage. (41 min.) 2) You Make the Call—Comparing two mobile phone plans, using words, tables, and graphs; finding function roles to compare the costs. (35 min.) Algebraic Thinking Across the Strands (Grades 3-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Algebraic Thinking Math Project) Number: VC1556 Grade Level: 3-8 Length: 80 min. 1) Looking Through the Algebraic Lens (Grades 3-5)—Investigating problems, one dealing with even and odd numbers linked to quilts, and the other dealing with patterns and polygons, that foster algebraic thinking across content strands. (54 min.) 2) Looking Through the Algebraic Lens (Grades 6-8)—Investigating two problems, one using variables to express relationships between units of liquid measure to determine the amount of punch needed for a party, and the other a tower problem illustrating algebraic thinking applied to geometry. Algebraic Thinking Math Project—Algebraic Reasoning Through Problem Solving (Grades 3-8): Tape Four and Lesson Plans Number: VC1555 Grade Level: I/J Length: 75 min. 1) Snake Patterns-s-s-s—Interpreting and extending a pattern found in snakes; finding patterns to make a general rule; predicting the outcome for any stage. (41 min.) 2) You Make the Call—Comparing two mobile phone plans, using words, tables, and graphs; finding function roles to compare the costs. (35 min.) Algebraic Thinking Math Project—Algebraic Thinking Across the Strands (Grades 3-8): Tape Five and Lesson Plans Number: VC1556 Grade Level: I/J Length: 80 min. 1) Looking Through the Algebraic Lens (Grades 3-5)—Investigating problems, one dealing with even and odd numbers linked to quilts, and the other dealing with patterns and polygons, that foster algebraic thinking across content strands. (54 min.) 2) Looking Through the Algebraic Lens (Grades 6-8)—Investigating two problems, one using variables to express relationships between units of liquid measure to determine the amount of punch needed for a party, and the other a tower problem illustrating algebraic thinking applied to geometry. Algebraic Thinking Math Project—Developing the Idea of Function (Grades 3-8): Tape Two and Lesson Plans Number: VC1553 Grade Level: 3-8 Length: 120 min. 1) Tree-mendous Plots—Recording and graphing plant growth and interpreting data. (38 min.) 2) Reaching New Heights—Introducing comparisons of two sets of data (height and arm span), the graph of the function of y=x, and the concept of correlation. (37 min.) 3) Drip, Drop, Drip, Drop—Designing a model simulating a leaky faucet, graphing, interpreting, and predicting the results and relating the experiment to water conservation. (46 min.) Algebraic Thinking Math Project—Hop to It! (Grades 3-8) and Lesson Plans Number: VC25 Grade Level: I/J Length: 45 min. This lesson emphasizes establishing patterns and developing general rules. Students work in small groups to solve a problem. They devise a model and recording system, list their findings, and use the pattern they find to write a rule that solves the problem. (1205) Area and Volume Number: VC903 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min. Area is the unit with which we measure much of our world, especially land. The perimeter of a space or object is sometimes more important than its area. Perimeters, like area, isn't always the most useful measurement; volume can be used in instances where area and perimeter won't tell us much. In order to measure one, we must often measure the others. Bank on It Number: VC709 Grade Level: J/H Length: 14 min. This video describes the workings of the American banking system and how it can help fulfill the dreams, ambitions, needs, and responsibilities of young bank customers. Cartography & Fashion Number: VC815 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. each part Cartography: Students learn the major math applications cartographers use, such as scale, ratios, points, and coordinates, and computer applications in cartography. Fashion: Take your class on a tour of the fashion industry - from designers' drafting tables, to manufacturing, buying and merchandising - to demonstrate how math is used. Circles Number: VC898 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min. Viewers will learn what a circle is, and how the concepts of circumference, radius, and diameter are related to a circle. A discussion of pi leads to a discussion of why it is useful to know how to determine the dimensions of a circle in the real world. Computation and Estimation (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1559 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 74 min. 1. Alphabits—Applying the concept of ratio and percents to the distribution of letters contained in a box of Alphabits cereal. (28 min.) 2. Is It Really News?—Applying the concepts of fractions and decimals to determine what part of a newspaper is really news? (24 min.) 3. Roll Out the Barrel—Applying mathematical modeling to solve a real-world storage problem. (21 min.) Developing Proportional Reasoning (Algebraic Thinking Math Project) (Grades 3-8): Tape Three and Lesson Plans Number: VC1554 Grade Level: 3-8 Length: 90 min. 1) Mix It Up—Using fruit-shaped candies to establish the foundation for proportional reasoning. (24 min.) 2) Blazing the Trail—Investigating orienteering and scales on maps to develop proportional reasoning. (34 min.) 3) Up, Up, and Away—Analyzing relationships between variables in a balloon experiment through spreadsheets and graphs. (29 min.) Developing the Idea of Function (Grades 3-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Algebraic Thinking Math Project) Number: VC1553 Grade Level: I/J Length: 120 min. 1) Tree-mendous Plots—Recording and graphing plant growth and interpreting data. (38 min.) 2) Reaching New Heights—Introducing comparisons of two sets of data (height and arm span), the graph of the function of y=x, and the concept of correlation. (37 min.) 3) Drip, Drop, Drip, Drop—Designing a model simulating a leaky faucet, graphing, interpreting, and predicting the results and relating the experiment to water conservation. (46 min.) Dividing Fractions + Review of Factions: Lesson Eight Number: VC1515 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1. To explain what a reciprocal is and give examples. 2. To explain why zero does not have a reciprocal. 3. To divide fractions. 4. To divide mixed numbers. Donald in Mathmagic Land Number: VC316 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 26 min. This inspired video introduces the theories that shape higher mathematics. As Donald Duck discovers the world of math - including the pentagram, the golden rectangle, and the spiral youngsters will see how mathematical principles influence science, art, music, architecture, and even sports. Equations and Formula Number: VC899 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min. A formula is a general rule and when it is applied to a specific case, it is translated into an equation. equations form the basis of algebra -- the system of math invented by the Arab mathematician al-Khowarizmi using symbols for unknown quantities in order to solve them. Algebra is a versatile mathematical tool that can be used to solve a vast array of problems, and yet it is basically a simple concept. ESPN Sports Figures #1 Number: VC939 Grade Level: J/H Length: 8 - 10 min. each lesson 1) Why Do Golf Balls Have Dimples? - Featuring Tiger Woods General Physics: Newton's Third Law, Drag - Athletic Activity: Golf Geo Basketball - Featuring Georgetown Women's Basketball Team and Juwan Howard 2) Geometry: Right Triangle Trigonometry, Circles - Athletic Activity: Basketball Victor's Vectors - Featuring Steve Young Algebra I: Combining Signed Numbers, Coordinate Geometry - Athletic Activity: Football ESPN Sports Figures #2 Number: VC940 Grade Level: J/H Length: 8 -10 min. each lesson 1 Torquing Tennis Balls - Featuring Patrick McEnroe Basic Physics - Athletic Activity: Tennis 2) Steeling With Pythagoras - Featuring Vero Beach Dodgers Algebra I: Arithmetic, Solving Equations, Pythagorean Theorem - Athletic Activity: Baseball 3) Bike Force - Featuring Pete Webber General Physics: Centripetal Force, Force, Angular Momentum - Athletic Activity: Mountain Biking ESPN Sports Figures #3 Number: VC941 Grade Level: J/H Length: 8 -10 min. each lesson 1) Baseball X Algebra - Featuring Vero Beach Dodgers Algebra I: Arithmetic, Distance Formula - Athletic Activity: Baseball 2) Cosines - Featuring Jim Kelly Algebra + Trigonometry: Law of Cosines, Quadratic Formula - Athletic Activity: Football 3) Shifting Gears - Featuring Pete Webber Geometry: Ratio, Proportion, Circumference of a Circle - Athletic Activity: Mountain Biking ESPN Sports Figures #4 Number: VC942 Grade Level: J/H Length: 8 -10 min. each lesson 1) Better Tennis Through Geometry - Featuring John McEnroe Geometry: Triangle Similarity, Evaluating Formulas - Athletic Activity: Tennis 2) Breaking Even In Business - Featuring Reggie Jackson Algebra I: Solving Linear Equations, Graphing Systems of Linear Equations - Athletic Activity: Baseball 3) Kicking Tangents - Featuring Tony Meola Geometry: Angle Measurements, Right Triangle Trigonometry - Athletic Activity: Soccer ESPN Sports Figures #5 Number: VC943 Grade Level: J/H Length: 8 -10 min. each lesson 1) The Bernoulli Principle - Featuring Lyn St. James General Physics: The Bernoulli Principle - Athletic Activity: Auto Racing 2) Torquing Tennis Balls - Featuring Patrick McEnroe Basic Physics: Athletic Activity: Tennis 3) Reflecting Pool - Featuring Loree Jon Jones Geometry: Reflection, Congruent Triangles - Athletic Activity: Pool ESPN Sports Figures #6 Number: VC944 Grade Level: J/H Length: 8 -10 min. each lesson 1) The Doppler Effect - Featuring Lyn St. James General Physics: The Doppler Effect - Athletic Activity: Auto Racing 2) The Spiral Zone - Featuring Jim Kelly General Physics: Angular Momentum, Drag - Athletic Activity: Football 3) How Physics Saved My Diving - Featuring Jill Unikel General Physics: Rotational Inertia, Angular Momentum - Athletic Activity: Diving ESPN Sports Figures #7 Number: VC945 Grade Level: H Length: 8 -10 min. each lesson 1) Victor's Vectors - Featuring Steve Young Algebra I: Combining Signed Numbers, Coordinate Geometry - Athletic Activity: Football 2) The Curveball Controversy - Featuring Vero Beach Dodgers General Physics: Newton's Third Law - Athletic Activity: Baseball 3) Banking on Force - Featuring Lyn St. James General Physics: Centripetal Force, Force - Athletic Activity: Auto Racing Exponential Models; Inverse Models (Grades 7-12): Tape and Lesson Plans (High School Math Project) Number: VC1568 Grade Level: 7-12 Length: 96 min. 1. Rhinos and M&M’s (Exponential Models)—Modeling exponential decay and exponential growth using M&M’s and the African rhino population. (38 min.) 2. Pennies, Pressure, Temperature, and Light (Inverse Models)—Exploring inverse models through scientific experiments. (57 min.) Exponents and the Order of Operations: Lesson Fifteen Number: VC1522 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To explain the meaning of the word exponent. 2) To multiply numbers given in exponential form with the same base. 3) To divide numbers given in exponential form with the same base. 4) To simplify an expression that has a base raised to a power raised to a power. 5) To simplify an expression using the proper order of operations. Fibonacci and Prime Numbers Number: VC901 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min. This program tells the story behind Fibonacci's work and explains how the Fibonacci Sequence works. Viewers will learn how this sequence of numbers and other number patterns occur in nature. It also discusses the work that Eratosthenes did with Prime numbers. Prime numbers are defined and described, and this segment leads to a discussion of odd and even numbers. First Steps to Learning Basic Relationships: Big and Little Number: VC1145 Grade Level: P Length: 8 min. What monkeyshines are Frip and Sage up to? Join in their adventures as they learn about the concepts of big and little and more and less. This program is an excellent way to help students explore basic spatial, temporal, and quantitative relationships. First Steps to Learning Basic Relationships: More and Less Number: VC1144 Grade Level: P Length: 7 min. What monkeyshines are Frip and Sage up to? Join in their adventures as they learn about the concepts of big and little and more and less. This program is an excellent way to help students explore basic spatial, temporal, and quantitative relationships. First Steps to Learning Basic Shapes: Falling Star and the Clever Clowns Number: VC1094 Grade Level: P Length: 7 min. Sam Shape meets Falling Star in somewhat painful circumstances. Together they go into the Circular Circus Big Top and see the Clever Clowns--Circle, Triangle, Rectangle and Square-perform their stunts. The program introduces the major characters in the series and the four basic shapes. First Steps to Learning Basic Shapes: Shapelessville "Shapes" Up Number: VC1093 Grade Level: P Length: 7 min. Sam, Star and the Clever Clowns head to town to put up circus posters. They're surprised when they end up in Shapelessville. The Clever Clowns loan their shapes so that the people of Shapelessville can "shape" up the whole town. First Steps to Learning Basic Shapes: The Circular Circus on Parade Number: VC1095 Grade Level: P Length: 7 min. A full parade review of all the characters from the Circular Circus warms Sam's heart and makes him happy with his circus life. First Steps to Learning Series Time: The Minute and the Hour Hand Number: VC1097 Grade Level: P/I Length: 9 min. Detective Tommy Time and his friends Barbara and Jimmy must explore the inside of the town hall clock to find out why the minute hand won't move. They explain how to read the minute hand and introduce the concept of the hour hand. First Steps to Learning Series Time: What Day Is It? Number: VC1096 Grade Level: P/I Length: 11 min. Detective Time saves the day when two children are found missing from school on a Friday. He explains the days of the week to the children. Fractions, Decimals and Percents: Lesson Twelve Number: VC1519 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To write a fraction as a decimal or a decimal as a fraction. 2) To write a decimal as a percent or a percent as a decimal. 3) To write a fraction as a percent or a percent as a fraction. G Force: Kings Dominion Math and Science Day Number: VC1491 Grade Level: I Length: 28 min. Children go on exciting, fun-filled real life Field Trip invites school aged children to go on a special guided tour "up close and personal." It encourages independent exploration with suggested reading and resources of further information. Geometry 1: Lesson Nineteen Number: VC1526 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To define point, line, plane, space, segment, ray, angle, and polygon. 2) To measure an angle using a protractor. 3) To classify a given quadrilateral as a square, rhombus, parallelogram, rectangle, or trapezoid. 4) To compute the areas of a square, rectangle, and parallelogram. 5) To compute the volumes of a cube and a rectangular prism. Geometry 2: Lesson Twenty Number: VC1527 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To compute the perimeter of a figure given the length of its sides. 2) To classify a triangle by type. 3) To compute the area of a triangle given its base and height. 4) Given the radius or diameter of a circle, you will compute its circumference and area. 5) To classify a three-dimensional shape as a cube, prism, cylinder, pyramid, or cone. Geometry and Spatial Relations (Grades 1, 3, and 5): Tape and Lesson Plan (Elementary School Math Project) Number: VC1574 Grade Level: 1, 3, and 5 Length: 80 min. 1. Tessellations WOW! (Grade 1)—Identifying and using shapes such as sponge designs, crackers, and other applications to create tessellations. (22 min.) 2. Sidewalk Capers (Grade 3)—Exploring spatial relationships of various shapes that tessellate and have the same area. (28 min.) 3. Mirror, Mirror (Grade 5)—Using spatial reasoning and angle measure to determine which regular polygons will tessellate. (29 min.) Geometry and Spatial Relations (Grades 1-2): Tape and Lesson Plans (Elementary School Math Project) Number: VC1575 Grade Level: 1-2 Length: 72 min. 1. It’s a Perfect Fit, Part 1—Identifying, describing and classifying two-dimensional shapes. (27 min.) 2. It’s a Perfect Fit, Part 2—Identifying, describing numerical relationships found among pattern block shapes. (16 min.) 3. It’s a Perfect Fit, Part 3—Combining geoblocks to make three-dimensional shapes. (17 min.) Get Ready for School with Mrs. Phipps and Snoothy Number: VC641 Grade Level: P Length: 5-12 min. segments Children learn basic readiness skills: color recognition, basic shapes, birthday, address, phone number, counting, number recognition to twenty, and letter recognition. It includes songs, finger games and the antics of the children and “Snoothy”. Graphing in the Coordinate Plane: Lesson Twenty-one Number: VC1528 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To plot the point associated with an ordered pair. 2) Correctly identify the ordered pair for a point on the plane. 3) To plot points and draw the line that is the graph of an equations of the form y=ax=b. 4) To explain the effect of positive and negative values of "a" and "b" in y=ax=b. Hip Hop Multiplication Music Video Number: VC881 Grade Level: I Length: 25 min. This multiplication music video has fun, live-action dancing, upbeat sing-a-long lyrics and captivating graphics designed for endless replays. Your child learns the songs and automatically learns the facts. It features 7 learning strategies: zero, identity & order properties, multiplication doubles, multiples of 5, square numbers and multiples of 9. How Heavy is Heavy? Number: VC1231 Grade Level: P Length: 11 min. Measures of mass are introduced through the antics of the Bob Baker Marionettes and the participation of children experimenting with a math lab balance scale. The children and puppets estimate, compare, and measure mass. How Hot is Hot? Number: VC1230 Grade Level: P Length: 11 min. The Bob Baker marionettes present a new report on estimating, comparing, and measuring temperature. Children in a math lab are interviewed as they conduct a series of experiments using the Celsius thermometer. Introduction to Algebra 1: Lesson Thirty Number: VC1537 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To relate algebra to arithmetic. 2) To explain the importance of algebra. 3) The meanings of addition and subtraction. 4) The rules are the same for adding, subtracting, and multiplying fractions as for whole numbers. Introduction to Fractions: Lesson Four Number: VC1511 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To define the numerator of a fraction as its "digit" and the denominator as its "place value." 2) To compute equivalent fractions. 3) To reduce fractions to lowest terms. 4) To simplify an improper fractions to a mixed number. 5) To convert a mixed number to in improper fraction. Linear Functions; Quadratic Functions (High School Math Project) (Grades 7-12): Tape Two and Lesson Plans Number: VC1566 Grade Level: J/H Length: 82 min. 1. Mystery Liquids (Linear Functions)—Analyzing the density of liquids to model linear functions. (30 min.) 2. Toothpicks and Transformations (Quadratic Functions)—Exploring transformations and quadratic functions through toothpick patterns. (45 min.) Linear Programming; Using Matrices to Solve Systems (Grades 7-12): Tape and Lesson Plans (High School Math Project) Number: VC1570 Grade Level: 7-12 Length: 118 min. 1. The Busing Problem (Linear Programming)—Solving linear systems and applying the linear programming theorem to solve a transportation problem. (53 min.) 2. Meadows or Malls? (Using Matrices to Solve Systems)—Applying matrices to solve linear problems. (54 min.) Long Division: Lesson Three Number: VC1510 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1. To make a valid estimate for a division problem. 2. To divide by a one-digit divisor. 3. To divide by a two-digit divisor. 4. Be able to explain why you cannot divide by zero. Looking at Algebraic Thinking and Assessment (Algebraic Thinking Math Project) (Grades 3-8): Tape One and Lesson Plans Number: VC1552 Grade Level: 3-8 Length: 100 min. 1) What is Algebraic Thinking—Discussing the characteristics, development, and how to promote algebraic thinking, grades 3-8. (24 min.) 2) Bead-dazzling—Using a fourth grade NAEP item to probe student thinking and developing a follow-up lesson, with beads, exploring patterns while establishing a foundation for proportional reasoning. (39 min.) 3) Hop To It!—Using an eight grade TIMMS item to probe student thinking and to develop a lesson concerning frog jumps in which students look for patterns, find a general rule, and express the rule using a variable. (40 min.) Making Change Number: VC1235 Grade Level: P/I Length: 9 min. This video, teaching the identification of coins and the counting of money, explores the dilemma of two people who want to buy candy but are confused when they try to gather the correct coins for the purchase. They are helped by a magical figure, Mr. Moneykeeper, who explains the value of each coin. With the aid of Mr. Moneykeeper, the children learn how to use the coins to pay for other purchases, and how to count their change. Man Who Loved Numbers, The: NOVA Series Number: VC381 Grade Level: H Length: 58 min. In 1913, Srinivasa Ramanujan, an obscure office clerk living in India, was recognized as a mathematician of extraordinary abilities. In a span of 17 years, he contributed some of the most remarkable ideas in the history of pure mathematics. On the 100th anniversary of his birth, NOVA documents the life and accomplishments of this self-taught mathematician, explores his mysterious dream-inspired insight, and looks at contemporary mathematicians who continue to study, and attempt to prove, formulas found in Ramanujan's notebooks. Math...Who Needs it?! Number: VC1710 Grade Level: J/H Length: 61 min. This is a one-hour entertaining and inspiring TV special starring Jaime Escalante, with the renounced math teacher who inspired the Academy Award nominated movie "Stand and Deliver," and his students and guests. It is a fun and exciting adventure giving viewers a new perspective on how math is used in real life. From applications in skateboard design and today's high-tech roller coasters to fashion, sports, and music, you've never experienced math like this before. Measure Length - Think Metric Number: VC1065 Grade Level: I Length: 9 min. Follow two boys as they explore their neighborhood, using a meter stick and a centimeter ruler to determine the comparative size of objects around them. The importance of measuring length is explained, and the standard units of length--meter, centimeter, millimeter, and kilometer--are defined. Measure Volume - Think Metric Number: VC1066 Grade Level: I Length: 9 min. Help your students understand the common, everyday uses of volume measure and the standard units used--liter and milliliter. These concepts will become even clearer as they watch two young people measuring the volume of objects in their home and using volume measure for a variety of home and garden projects. Measure Weight - Think Metric Number: VC1067 Grade Level: I Length: 9 min. Two girls visit a chemist and learn about the standard units of weight. The importance of measuring weight is explained, and the girls compare the weight of common things in their home. Finally they use their knowledge to bake a "metric cake." Measurement (Grades 1, 3, and 5): Tape and Lesson Plans (Elementary School Math Project) Number: VC1576 Grade Level: 1, 3, and 5 Length: 75 min. 1. Sand Babies (Grade 1)—Measuring the weight of students when they were born, their present height, and the area of their feet. (24 min.) 2. Bubble Mania (Grade 3)—Measuring the diameter, circumference, and the area of circles made by a bubble print. (23 min.) 3. It Takes Ten (Grade 5)—Estimating and measuring through a variety of lab experiences. (26 min.) Measurement (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1557 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 84 min. 1. MATHLINE Overview—An overview of the entire MATHLINE service. (10 min.) 2. How Many Noses Are in Your Arm?—Applying the concept of ration and proportion to determine the length of the Statue of Liberty’s torch-bearing arm. (18 min.) 3. What’s Your Angle?—Applying inductive reasoning to devise procedures for using a protractor. (30 min.) 4. Million Dollar Giveaway—Applying measurement skills to determine the volume of a suitcase in dollar bills. (25 min.) Measurement: Lesson Twenty-seven Number: VC1534 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To define the meaning of the prefixes milli-, centi-, and kilo-. 2) To define the meter as the basic unit of length. 3) To define the gram as the basic unit of mass. 4) To define the liter as the basic unit of capacity. 5) To select the appropriate unit to measure the area of volume of common items. Metric Measure Made Easy Number: VC1232 Grade Level: I/J Length: 13 min. Introduction of the most commonly used metric measuring units to elementary and junior high students; illustration of basic metric measuring tools. Multiplication and Division: Lesson Two Number: VC1509 Grade Level: P/I Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To explain the meaning of multiplication 2) The ability to multiply using the lattice method. 3) To make valid estimates for multiplication problems. 4) To explain the meaning of division. Multiplication and Division of Integers: Lesson Seventeen Number: VC1524 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) The meaning of multiplication by a negative number. 2) To multiply integers and divide integers. 3) To apply the rules of order of operations to various integer problems 4) To verify if a given number between 0 and 10,000 is a square number and, if it is, to find the square root. Multiplication Rock Number: VC1101 Grade Level: P/I Length: 30 min. "As your body grows bigger, your mind must flower, it's great to learn, 'cause knowledge is power." Join Schoolhouse Rocky as he takes you and your friends down to the Conjunction Junction Diner, where the special of the day is Multiplication Rock videos from the jukebox, including: My Hero, Zero; Elementary My Dear; Three Is A Magic Number; The Four-legged Zoo; Ready or Not Here I Come; I Got Six; Lucky Seven Sampson; Figure Eight; Naughty Number Nine; The Good Eleven; Little Twelve Toes. Multiplying and Dividing Decimals: Lesson Ten Number: VC1517 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To multiply decimal numbers. 2) To divide decimal numbers. 3) To check the answer to a decimal division problem. 4) To divide and round off to a specified place value. Multiplying Fractions: Lesson Seven Number: VC1514 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To explain why the canceling process works in multiplication of fractions. 2) To multiply fractions. 3) To multiply mixed numbers. 4) To multiply more than two mixed numbers. Multi-Variable Relations; Rates of Change (Grades 7-12): Tape and Lesson Plans (High School Math Project) Number: VC1569 Grade Level: 7-12 Length: 72 min. 1. Stressed to the Breaking Point (Multi-Variable Relations)—Investigating the amount of weight that can be supported as related to the length and width of spaghetti bridges. (30 min.) 2. Bottles and Divers (Rates of Change)—Using bottles and the speed of a diver to explore rates of change. (42 min.) Negative and Fractional Powers: Lesson Eighteen Number: VC1525 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To explain the meaning of a negative exponent. 2) To explain the meaning of a fractional exponent. 3) To explain the meaning of a negative fractional power. 4) To simplify a negative base that is raised to a power. Number and Number Relationships (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1563 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 75 min. 1. Fantasy Baseball, Part 1—Investigating number and number relations used in the game of baseball. (30 min.) 2. Fantasy Baseball, Part 2—Investigating number and number relations used in the game of baseball. (15 min.) 3. Rumors—Exploring the spread of rumors from an exponential growth pattern. (22 min.) Number Patterns 1: Lesson Twenty-three Number: VC1530 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To determine whether an addition problem will have an odd or even answer. 2) To determine whether a multiplication problem has an odd or even answer. 3) To state the divisibility rules for two, three, five, and nine. 4) To find the next term in an arithmetic or geometric sequence, given the first three terms. Number Patterns 2: Lesson Twenty-four Number: VC1531 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To determine if a number is a palindrome. 2) To use subtraction to find a "black hole." 3) To add the cubes of the digits of a number 4) To use the "sum of the cubes of the digits" process to find a "lock." Number Sense/Computation (Grades 1, 2, and 4): Tape and Lesson Plans (Elementary School Math Project) Number: VC1571 Grade Level: 1, 2, and 4 Length: 89 min. 1. MATHLINE Overview—An overview of the entire MATHLINE service. (10 min.) 2. Money Count (Grades 1-2)—Counting and comparing amounts of money less than or equal to one dollar. (25 min.) 3. Soak It Up (Grade 4)—Comparing products to determine the best value. (27 min.) 4. An Apple A Day (Grade 4)—Making estimates to analyze the number of apples per acre, and visualizing the magnitude of one million. (25 min.) Number Sense/Computation (Grades 2-5): Tape and Lesson Plans (Elementary School Math Project) Number: VC1572 Grade Level: 2-5 Length: 57 min. 1. To Half or Half Not (Grades 2-3)—Using geoblocks to create equivalent fractions that represent one-half. (30 min.) 2. Food for Thought (Grades 4-5)—Identifying and comparing unit costs of given items. (27 min.) Number Systems and Number Theory (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1558 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 48 min. 1. The Factor Game—Using a game setting to investigate the properties of prime, composite, abundant, deficient, and perfect numbers. (23 min.) 2. Once in a Blue Moon—Using number theory skills to determine when certain planets will be aligned. (22 min.) Number Theory: Lesson Twenty-two Number: VC1529 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To find the prime factorization of a composite number. 2) The difference between a prime and a composite number. 3) To compute the GCF of two or more numbers. 4) To compute the LCM of two or more numbers. Numbers Express Number: VC1687 Grade Level: P Length: 24 min. A friendly engineer takes children on an exciting journey that introduces numbers, number relationships and counting skill. Catchy, interactive songs and games educate and entertain children as they ride the rails in a turn-of-the-century steam engine. Along the way, the Numbers Express engineer invites children to play skill developing songs, games and activities. Included at the end of this program is a segment that provides helpful tips, ideas and hands-on activities to enhance a child’s learning experience. October Sky: Based on an Incredible True Story Number: VC1643 Grade Level: H Length: 108 min. In Coalwood, West Virginia, 1957, coal mining is king and no one can escape life underground. But when high schooler Homer Hickam, Jr. (Jake Gyllenhaal) sees the Soviet satellite Sputnik streak overhead, he aims for the star and a new destiny in this incredible true story of hope, determination and triumph. With the help of his teacher and three buddies, Home sets out to build his own rocket. Despite his father’s disapproval, a limited education and a series of misfires that threaten to flatten his dreams and the town, Homer overcomes seemingly impossible odds to fulfill his vision in one of the most timeless, inspiring stories ever brought to the screen. Patterns and Functions; Geometry (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1562 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 110 min. 1. Fill’er Up (Pattern and Functions)—Interpreting, predicting, and sketching graphs of related functions as applied to the shapes of bottles. (21 min.) 2. The Great Race (Pattern and Functions)—Constructing number patterns generated from a race (as between the tortoise and the hare) and using the patterns to generate a graph of the situation. (35 min.) 3. Tiling the Plaza (Geometry)—Arranging pattern blocks to create tessellations and to explore geometric patterns. (26 min.) 4. Let’s Face It (Geometry)—Identifying, describing, and constructing the five regular polyhedra. (27 min.) Patterns and Relationships (Grades K-4): Tape and Lesson Plans (Elementary School Math Project) Number: VC1577 Grade Level: K-4 Length: 105 min. 1. Here, There and Everywhere (Grade K)—Recognizing, describing, and creating repeating patterns in science, art, music, literature and food. (22 min.) 2. The Magic Box (Grade 1)—Identifying and predicting patterns as they appear in a variety of situations. (24 min.) 3. Peddling Petals (Grades 2-3)—Creating, extending, and describing arithmetic patterns. (29 min.) 4. Struts ‘n Stuff (Grade 4)—Identifying the relationship between the number of sides in a regular polygon and the number of struts needed to make each polygon rigid. (28 min.) Percent Problems: Lesson Thirteen Number: VC1520 Grade Level: I/J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To solve a percentage problem to compute a sales commission. 2) To solve a percentage problem to report the results of a survey. 3) To solve a percentage problem of the type "thirty percent of what is twelve?" 4) To solve everyday life related problems involving percents. Polynomial and Rational Functions; Sequences (Grades 7-12): Tape and Lesson Plans (High School Math Project) Number: VC1567 Grade Level: 7-12 Length: 89 min. 1. Building Boxes (Polynomial and Rational Functions)—Exploring polynomial and rational function patterns. (43 min.) 2. Squares Inside Squares (Sequences)—Developing explicit and recursive models for sequences generated from the area of squares. (46 min.) The Power of Algebra (Program One): Inverse Operations Number: VC1542 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Explores the nature of variables: how letters are used as placeholders for numbers. 2) Introduce the process of solving algebraic equations through forming equivalent equations. 3) Demonstrate how Algebra is used in everyday life to solve problems. The Power of Algebra (Program Two): The Order of Operations Number: VC1543 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Define the order of operations for multiplication, division, addition and subtraction. 2) Define the order of operations within grouping symbols relative to multiplication, division, addition and subtraction. 3) Define exponents and the order of operations with exponents and grouping symbols. 4) Discuss how these rules may be used to simplify algebraic problems. The Power of Algebra (Program Three): Basic Properties Number: VC1544 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Explore the properties of addition and multiplication of numbers and variables. 2) Explore a property of multiplication of variables and numbers that is linked with the addition of variables and numbers. 3) Discuss how these properties my be used to simplify algebraic problems. The Power of Algebra (Program Four): The Positive and Negative Numbers Number: VC1545 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Explain the real number line and the effect of directions on the set of real numbers. 2) Explore the relationship between positive numbers, negative numbers, and zero. 3) Demonstrate the need and uses of positive and negative numbers. 4) Use the real number line to define subtraction of real numbers. 5) Define subtractions of signed numbers. The Power of Algebra (Program Five): Using Positive Exponents Number: VC1546 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Define exponents using positive integers and scientific notation. 2) Illustrate the usefulness of exponents. 3) Discover the rules of using positive exponents. 4) Reinforce the use of exponents in computing square and cubic measures. The Power of Algebra (Program Six): Polynomials and Equations Number: VC1547 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Develop an understanding of like terms and unlike terms. 2) Develop a definition of polynomials. 3) Explore the nature of different kinds of polynomials. 4) Present methods for solving two equations in two unknowns. 5) Demonstrate ways to solve verbal problems with two unknown quantities. The Power of Algebra (Program Seven): Factoring I Number: VC1548 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Define variable, constant, term, polynomial, monomial, binomial, trinomial, factor, multiple, prime factor, divisor, the degree of a polynomial, and quadratic equation. 2) Develop some techniques for factoring polynomials of the form x2 + bx + c. 3) Determine solutions for the equation x2 + bx + c = 0 The Power of Algebra (Program Eight): Factoring II Number: VC1549 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Review the vocabulary from Program Seven. 2) Develop techniques for factoring the quadratic ax2 + bx + c = 0 The Power of Algebra (Program Nine): Fractions Number: VC1550 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Show the relationship between arithmetic fractions and algebraic fractions. 2) Reduce algebraic fractions by dividing out common factors. 3) Add, subtract, multiply and divide algebraic fractions. 4) Solve equations involving algebraic fractions. The Power of Algebra (Program Ten): Words into Symbols Number: VC1551 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This program will: 1) Explain how expressions or sentences in words can be translated into algebraic expressions or sentences. 2) Introduce several problem-solving strategies. Powers of Ten Number: VC546 Grade Level: J/H Length: 9 min. Powers of Ten is an adventure in magnitudes. Starting at a picnic by the lakeside in Chicago, this famous film transports you out to the edges of the universe and in to the micro-world of cells, molecules, and atoms. It is a careful picture of the universe as we currently know it, according to the best available evidence and scientific explanation. Pre-Algebra Part 1 Number: VC1538 Grade Level: J/H Length: 90 min. This video shows: 1) Integer exponents 2) Prime factorization 3) Roots 4) Expressing roots with fractional exponents 5) Inequalities 6) Solving linear equations in one variable 7) Graphing 8) Plotting tow lines on the same graph 9) Graphing linear inequalities Pre-Algebra Part 2 Number: VC1539 Grade Level: J/H Length: 90 min. This video shows: 1) Solving linear equations in one variable 2) Graphing 3) Plotting two lines on the same graph 4) Graphing linear Inequalities Probability (Grade 3): Tape and Lesson Plans (Elementary School Math Project) Number: VC1578 Grade Level: 3 Length: 59 min. 1. Chances Are, Part 1—Identifying the likelihood of an event by using a walk-on probability scale. (21 min.) 2. Chances Are, Part 2—Identifying the likelihood of an event based on a set of data relating to mystery spinners. (21 min.) 3. Chances Are, Part 3—Predicting and stimulating the likelihood of an event through a variety of situations. (17 min.) Probability (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1564 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 82 min. 1. Remove One—Developing winning strategies based on probable outcomes of events using dice. (21 min.) 2. Rock Around the Clock—Applying the Monte Carlo method of simulation to determine a reasonable estimate. (25 min.) 3. The Smithville Families—Generating the number patterns in Pascal’s triangle and applying the patterns to theoretical probability. (25 min.) Probability: Lesson Twenty-six Number: VC1533 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To define probability as a measure of chance or uncertainty. 2) To enumerate various uses of probability. 3) To define the difference between theoretical and experimental probability. 4) To define disjoint. 5) To define independent events. Problem-Solving Techniques: Lesson Twenty-eight Number: VC1535 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To use a chart to help solve a problem. 2) To make a problem smaller or simpler to help solve it. 3) To expand the limits of visualization to solve a problem. 4) Valid problem-solving techniques in an attempt to solve a given problem. Putting Man in Space & Sound Engineering Number: VC817 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. each part Putting Man in Space: Take a tour of the Johnson Space Center in Houston to get an inside look at how our ability to operate in outer space is dependent on our understanding and use of essential math principles, such as balance and equilibrium. Students see NASA's Mission Control, Weightless Environment Training Facility, Flight Simulation and Robotics Laboratory. Sound Engineering: Take your class behind the scenes of a rock concert, recording studio, the world famous Hollywood Bowl, and the film industry to show how modern sound technology is designed and built using the language of math. Students discover the essential role math plays in the process that begins with the composer's idea and ends with listening to a hit tune at home on your CD. Ratios and Proportions: Lesson Fourteen Number: VC1521 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To write equivalent ratios. 2) To solve proportions. 3) To explain why cross-multiplying works in solving proportions. 4) To solve percentage problems using proportions. Richard Scarry’s Best Counting Video Ever! Number: VC1691 Grade Level: P Length: 30 min. Children will love helping Lily Bunny count from 1 to 20! “Tra la la, 1, 2, 3, come along and count with me,” is the song that Lily sings as she starts off on her counting adventure. Along the way she meets Huckle Cat, Lowly Worm, Wrong-Way Roger, Bananas Gorilla, and many other delightful Richard Scarry characters who each help her find funny things to count. Shapes and Angles Number: VC897 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. This video covers: tools to measure angles, degrees of a right angle, triangle, quadrilateral, circle; what a tessellate is and much more. Stand and Deliver: A True Story about a Modern Miracle Number: VC1642 Grade Level: H Length: 103 min. This moving, acclaimed crowd pleaser is the dynamic sage of real-life heroes determined to conquer a foe few people dare to confront: the National Advanced Placement Calculus Exam. Edward James Olmos give a performance of fire and grit as Jaime Escalante, a math teacher at East Los Angeles’ Garfield High who refuses to write off his inner-city kids who were struggling with fractions to become math whizzes. Solving Simple Equations: Lesson Twenty-nine Number: VC1536 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To solve equations of the form ax=b or x+c=d 2) To solve simple linear equations with a variable term on both sides of the equation. 3) To solve simple linear equations where the terms must be combined. 4) To solve simple linear equations that involve parentheses. 5) To check the solution to an equation using the original equation. Statistics Number: VC902 Grade Level: J/H Length: 20 min. All too often, students view statistics as either difficult or boring. This program is designed to make statistics come alive for students and to show how statistics are used in the real world. Statistics (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1561 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 86 min. 1. Something Fishy—Applying the concepts of ratio and proportion to the capture-recapture statistical procedure. (25 min.) 2. Wetheads—Constructing tem and leaf plots based on how estimations compare to actual data. (26:00) 3. We’re All Tuned In—Construction convincing arguments based on analyses of data gathered from interviews. (21 min.) 4. Steppin’ Out—Constructing box and whisker plots to analyze and compare data sets. (14 min.) Statistics: Lesson Twenty-five Number: VC1532 Grade Level: J/H Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To find the mean of a set of numbers. 2) To find the median of a set of numbers. 3) Why the median is a better measure of tendency when the data contain extreme values. 4) To computer the range of a set of data. Statistics (Grades 1, 2, and 5): Tape and Lesson Plans (Elementary School Math Project) Number: VC1573 Grade Level: 1, 2, and 5 Length: 70 min. 1. Button Button (Grade 1)—Classifying data and analyzing it by constructing a line plot. (28 min.) 2. Creature Features (Grades 1-2)—Collecting, organizing and analyzing a set of data related to types of animals. (21 min.) 3. Whirlybirds (Grade 5)—Measuring, predicting, and determining the frequency of an event as it relates to how close Whirlybirds land to a target. (20 min.) Statistics (Grades 5-8): Tape and Lesson Plans (Middle School Math Project) Number: VC1561 Grade Level: 5-8 Length: 86 min. 1. Something Fishy—Applying the concepts of ratio and proportion to the capture-recapture statistical procedure. (25 min.) 2. Wetheads—Constructing tem and leaf plots based on how estimations compare to actual data. (26:00) 3. We’re All Tuned In—Construction convincing arguments based on analyses of data gathered from interviews. (21 min.) 4. Steppin’ Out—Constructing box and whisker plots to analyze and compare data sets. (14 min.) Statistics & Sports Performance Number: VC818 Grade Level: J/H Length: 15 min. each part Statistics: Students discover how in the census, the music industry, and politics, math concepts such as percentages, determine decisions in government and business. Arnold Schwarzenegger discusses the role of statistics in determining the physical fitness of our nation's youth. Sports Performance: Students see math being used at Santa Cruz Skateboards, Nike, Dodger Stadium, specialized Bicycles and other venues. Then Kareen Abdul-Jabbar and Jakie Joyner-Kersee, with husband/coach Bob Kersee, explain to students the impact math is having on world class athletics. Subitize Me!: Amazing Math Number: VC50 Grade Level: P Length: 22 min. DVD Format Subitizing will prepare your child's mind for all kinds of numeracy skills. Math is more than memorizing facts and procedures. A truly mathematical mind will develop understanding of numbers and the connections between them. "Subitize Me!" will teach children to visualize groupings of objects, knowing their number instantly. This will develop flexibility in their thinking and allow them to advance quickly in establishing number sense. The DVD will introduce them to subitizing in a fun and entertaining way. Subtracting Fractions: Lesson Six Number: VC1513 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1) To subtract fractions. 2) To subtract mixed numbers. 3) To borrow when needed for the subtraction of mixed numbers. 4) To subtract a whole number from a mixed number. 5) To subtract a mixed number from a whole number. Tick Tock: All About the Clock Number: VC822 Grade Level: P/I Length: 15 min. After viewing the program, students will: recognize that clocks come in many forms and styles; differentiate between mechanical clocks and electrical clocks; be able to tell time, using both conventional clock faces and digital displays; recognize the hour hand, minute hand, and second hand on a clock face and understand how these units of time relate to each other; understand the principles behind sundials, sand clocks, water clocks, and candle clocks; know what a stopwatch is and what its uses are; comprehend how the Earth's rotation, and its position in relation to the sun, cause day and night. Time To 5 Minutes Number: VC1143 Grade Level: P Length: 16 min. Your students will love these programs, and you will value the extra pair of hands in your classroom as Dr. Lola J. May presents the methods, techniques, and teaching approaches she developed over years of teaching math. The programs may be used effectively with an entire class, in small groups, or even by individual students. Time to Tell Time Number: VC1098 Grade Level: P Length: 16 min. Everett, the cuckoo bird, can't tell time, so he and his clock are banished to the attic. But Clarence, the kindly, cultured house cat, sneaks into the attic and teaches Everett how to tell time. Everett learns about past, present, and future; about years, months, and days-how long they are and how we measure them by the movements of the planets. Then Clarence teachers Everett about clocks, the twelve numbers on the face of a clock, the two hands that sweep around, and the times they tell. Now Everett can correctly chirp the o'clock, the half and the quarter hours. Finally, wise old Clarence is even clever enough to get Everett and his clock out of the attic and back on the wall downstairs. Using the Calculator: Lesson Eleven Number: VC1518 Grade Level: I/J Length: 30 min. You will learn: 1. To add and subtract fractions using a calculator. 2. To multiply and divide fractions using a calculator. 3. To add and subtract decimals using a calculator. 4. To multiply decimals using a calculator. 5. To divide decimals using a calculator.

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# Mathematics