Oil Spill Prevention Control
and Countermeasure Training
Prepared for
Middle Georgia State College
Introduction and Overview
The EPA has passed Oil Pollution
Prevention regulations to implement the
requirements of the Clean Water Act
and the Oil Pollution Prevention Act.
These regulations can be found at 40
CFR Part 112 and require certain
facilities to prepare Oil Spill Prevention
Control and Countermeasure (SPCC)
Oil SPCC Training
All facilities that operate under Oil SPCC Plans must
provide training to all oil-handling employees.
Frequency of training is not specified in the rule, but must
be sufficient to prevent a discharge.
Training must be documented and records kept with the
Plan for at least three years.
Discharge Prevention Briefings
In addition to the Oil SPCC training, facilities must also
conduct discharge prevention briefings for all oil-handling
employees on an annual basis, or more frequently, where
Briefings should:
Remind employees of plan provisions;
Update employees on the latest prevention and response
Highlight and describe known discharges; and
Discuss malfunctioning components.
Training Objectives
Attendees should understand:
What an Oil SPCC Plan is and
why it is needed;
Potential spill sources on campus;
Oil transfer and delivery procedures;
Inspection and testing procedures;
How to respond to a spill
Regulatory Overview
Oil SPCC Planning Applicability
Plan requirements are applicable to:
▀ Non-transportation related facilities (fixed or mobile)
involved in oil production, refining, storage or welldrilling…
▀ That store oil of any kind above planning thresholds
▀ A reasonable expectation that a discharge in a harmful
quantity (causes a sheen) could get to navigable waters
(waters of the U.S.)
What is Oil?
EPA defines oil as “oil of any kind or in
any form,” including, but not limited to:
Fats, oils, or greases of animal, fish, or
marine mammal origin;
Vegetable oils, including oils from seeds,
nuts, fruits, or kernels; and
Other oils and greases, including
petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, synthetic oils,
mineral oils, oil refuse, or oil mixed with
waste other than dredged spoil.”
See 40 CFR § 112.2
Oil SPCC Planning Thresholds
Underground Storage (40 CFR § 112.1(d)(2)(i))
▀ Facilities with a total underground storage capacity of
42,000 gallons or more of oil are subject to Oil SPCC
planning requirements.
Underground tanks that are currently subject to all of the
technical requirements of Chapter 391-3-16 of the Georgia DNR
Rules do not need to be included in the calculation of
underground storage capacity.
“Consumptive use” tanks that are exempted from the technical
requirements are subject to the Oil SPCC planning requirements.
Oil SPCC Planning Thresholds
Aboveground Storage (40 CFR § 112.1(d)(2)(ii))
▀ Facilities with a total aboveground storage capacity of
1,320 gallons or more of oil are subject to Oil SPCC
planning requirements.
Only containers or oil containing equipment with a capacity of 55
gallons or greater are counted.
Thresholds apply to storage capacity contained in operating
equipment as well as tanks/containers.
What is an Oil SPCC Plan?
Detailed plan that describes a facility’s:
Oil storage containers and secondary
Oil handling and management
Designated roles and responsibilities.
Measures taken to prevent and/or
control an oil spill.
Countermeasures to address a
spill should one occur
Plan Certification and Review
Oil SPCC Plans must be certified by a Professional
Engineer (P.E.).
Plans must be reviewed at least once every five years and
completion of the review and evaluation must be
If amendments are required, they must be completed
within six months.
Technical amendments must be certified by a P.E.
(e.g., Changes to storage capacity, prevention/control
technology, or inspection and testing procedures).
MGSC Eastman Campus
Oil SPCC Plan
Eastman Campus Oil SPCC Plan
The overall goal is to prepare/implement plan that satisfies
the legal requirements and allows quick reference in the
event of a spill/release.
Copies of the Plan can be found:
EHS Office; and
Identification of Potential Releases
Preparation of the Plan included an evaluation of potential
releases from each of the bulk oil storage containers on
Two potential release scenarios were identified:
A release due to tank or piping
A release during fuel deliveries or
pumping of the waste fuel tanks.
Identification of Potential Releases
In order to reduce the potential of a release from one of
these two scenarios, the Plan includes:
Oil transfer and delivery procedures designed to prevent overfills
and accidents; and
A comprehensive inspection, testing and preventative
maintenance program to detect releases and ensure proper
function of all tank systems.
Oil Transfer and Delivery Procedures
Oil Transfer and Delivery Procedures are described in
Section 3.5 of the Plan.
Bulk transfers include:
Jet A Fuel
100 Octane Aviation Fuel
Waste Fuel/Oil
Oil Transfer and Delivery Procedures
Prior to Unloading
Determine the available capacity of the receiving tank using the
tank monitoring system or level gauge. This information should
then be communicated to the individual responsible for the
Move spill containment equipment, such as booms or spill
barriers, into the unloading area;
Ensure that the drip pans are placed under all pump hose fittings
(if applicable) after the hose is hooked up to the tank and prior to
Ensure that the fill nozzle is placed in the appropriate tank
Oil Transfer and Delivery Procedures
During unloading
All oil transfers must be attended. The individual responsible for
the transfer must remain with the vehicle at all times during
loading or unloading;
Periodically check the tank monitoring system to ensure that the
available capacity is not exceeded.
Prohibit smoking, lighting matches or the use of cellular
telephones near the tank truck during unloading.
Oil Transfer and Delivery Procedures
After fuel unloading is completed
Prior to disconnecting and removing the flexible hoses, ensure
that they are drained;
Pour any fuel accumulated in the drip pans into the appropriate
waste tank;
Cap and secure the fill port; and
Inspect that area around the tank truck prior to departure for any
Inspections and Testing Procedures
The Inspection and Testing program described in Chapter
4.0 of the Plan consist of:
Monthly Visual Inspections of all ASTs and 55-gallon drums
performed by MGC personnel;
Tank Integrity Tests of ASTs performed, as needed, by a
qualified contractor; and
Preventative maintenance to ensure that equipment remains in
good working order.
Monthly AST Inspections
ASTs, piping, and secondary
containment are inspected on a
monthly basis and documented
using the tank inspection forms in
Appendix B.
These inspections also include oil
storage in 55-gallon drums.
Monthly AST Inspections
Tank Integrity Testing
MGSC will retain the services of a Certified Tank Testing
Contractor to perform an integrity test of an AST under the
following circumstances:
Whenever material repairs or alterations are made to the tank;
If evidence of a leak occurs;
In the event of damage to the tank or containment structure; or
If the results of a tank inspection reveal evidence of leakage or
Preventative Maintenance Program
MGSC routinely inspects and replaces equipment as part
of its preventative maintenance program.
If an inspection shows that continuation of an operation or
practice is likely to result in an imminent release, prompt
action is taken.
If there is no imminent threat to cause a release, visible
leaks are promptly corrected.
Release Response
and Notification
Response to Spills or Releases
Trained personnel may respond to small leaks or spills
that do not pose significant risks to health or safety.
First Responders are trained to respond in a defensive
fashion without actually trying to stop the release.
Their function is to contain the release from a safe
distance, keep it from spreading, and prevent exposure to
the environment.
Do not endanger yourself or others by attempting to act
outside of your role.
Response to Spills or Releases
Immediately notify the Oil
SPCC Coordinator, Gene
If Gene is not available
contact Roy Woods.
Follow the steps on the
Spill Response Flow Chart.
Response to Spills or Releases
Any release into a storm sewer or a visible sheen on surface
water is a reportable release.
The Oil SPCC Coordinator will determine whether the
release requires action beyond the capabilities of facility
After notification, trained personnel will attempt to control the
release at its source and contain the material that has
already been released using the appropriate emergency
response and cleanup equipment.
Response to Spills or Releases
Released material should be
contained by placing absorbent
booms and pads down gradient of
the source to control and divert the
flow of oil. When possible the oil
should be contained on pavement or
All nearby catch basins and
manholes should be covered and/or
bermed with absorbent materials.
Clean-up and Disposal Procedures
All contaminated PPE, equipment, and
clean-up waste will be contained in
labeled 55-gallon drums and labeled.
A private environmental clean-up
contractor will be retained to perform
any necessary remediation and remove
all contaminated material and clean-up
Internal and External Notifications
All spills, regardless of quantity
must be immediately reported to
the Oil SPCC Coordinator.
The Oil SPCC Coordinator is the
designated party accountable for
spill prevention and will assess
whether a release has exceeded
any reportable conditions and notify
the proper authorities as
Oil SPCC Training Summary
Know where the Oil SPCC Plan can be found;
Be familiar with the procedures for fuel deliveries and
monthly inspections contained in the Oil SPCC Plan;
Know who the Oil SPCC Coordinators are and when they
should be notified of a spill or release; and
Always remember to respond to a release in a defensive
fashion to contain the release from a safe distance and
keep it from spreading. Do not endanger yourself or others
by attempting to act outside of your role.

Eastman Campus Oil SPCC Plan-Appendix D