Sustainable and productive
farming systems
The livestock sector
--POINTS TO PONDER-Jimmy Smith
POINT # 1: Demand-driven ‘livestock revolution’
is on-going
Rosegrant et al. 2009
POINT # 2: Did you know 7of 9 highest value
commodities are livestock? (40% of Ag GDP)
POINT # 3: Livestock in developing world –
Small holders are crucial
Population: 18.5 billion domestic
animals -70% of global population
Asset value: $1.4 trillion
Livelihood: For over 1b people
(more than 60% are women)
Food and nutrition security: 17%
global kilocalories; 33% protein;
Other: >50% of soil fertility
amendments in poor countries
4
POINT # 4: Growth is occurring in evey region
(2000 – 2030)
80% livestock products sold in informal
markets and small farms
5
FAO, 2012
POINT # 5: Small holders, mostly women, can
contribute more in Africa
People: 300 million people earning <$2 a day depend on livestock:
Livestock : Cattle: 240 million head (16% of global total) Pigs : 25 million
(3%); Poultry 1.5 billion (8%); Sheep & goats: 500 million (25%)
0 or no data
Density of
poor livestock
keepers
Density of poor
livestock keepers
ILRI, 2012
POINT # 6: Crop-livestock systems dominate
Herrero et al. 2009
POINT # 9: Productivity gaps are large and
constraints are many
Up to 130% for beef, 430% for
milk, even among existing breeds.
Estimates suggest 50−70% deficits in
feed relative to genetic potential
Animal diseases cause high morbidity
and mortality rates
Risk and vulnerability high in dry areas
CARBON FOOTPRINT PER UNIT OF
PRODUCT CAN BE CUT BY INCREASING
PRODUCTIVITY
POINT # 8: Solution driven and transformative
R4D requires novel partnerships
R4D integrated to transform selected value chains
In targeted commodities and countries.
Inputs & Services
Production
Processing
Marketing
Consumers
Major intervention with development partners
Value chain development team + research partners
Strategic Cross-cutting Platforms
• Technology Generation
• Market Innovation
• Targeting & Impact
INTERVENTIONS TO
SCALE OUT REGIONALLY
GLOBAL RESEARCH
PUBLIC GOODS
Key messages
 Livestock sector growth is taking place world wide and
is demand led
 Small holders –particularly women, can increased their
participation if enabled: benefits would be food and
nutrition security, poverty reduction and economic
growth
 R & D partnerships are required to promote the
appropriate policy and institutional environment,
facilitate access to markets and close productivity gaps
10
Research
Biophysical research
• Increasing productivity (feed-breed-health)
• Protecting livestock assets –vaccines, insurance
• Livestock and the environment – in both directions (PES)
Institutional
• Conducive policies
• Equitable, gender sensitive market and service provision
models
• Business enterprise models
• Evidence to guide public and private sector roles and
investments in livestock
Systems transition
• Better understanding of crop-livestock systems dynamics
• Plausible futures analysis/modeling to inform policy and
investment options
To eat or not to eat . . .
meat, milk and fish
1 billion
undernourished
2 billion
overweight
THANK YOU
THANK YOU
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POINTS TO PONDER