ENHANCING
NATIONAL
CAPACITIES OF
OIC COUNTRIES IN
POVERTY STATISTICS
SESRIC
STATISTICAL, ECONOMIC AND
SOCIAL RESEARCH AND
TRAINING CENTRE FOR ISLAMIC
COUNTRIES
Mazhar Hussain
EGM on Enhancing Capacities in Poverty Statistics
7-8 August 2014, Ankara –Turkey
SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND
GEOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND
….57 OIC countries are dispersed over a large geographical region
spread out on four continents….account for one sixth of the world area
and more than one fifth of the total world population….
….contribute 11.3 % of the world total output (GDP, current $ PPP) and
12.5 % of world total merchandise exports….
….18 OIC countries are currently classified as low-income countries and
32 are middle-income countries….and only 7 OIC countries are
classified as high-income countries….
….21 OIC countries, mostly from Sub-Saharan Africa, are classified
among the world 39 Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs)….
….27 OIC countries are classified among the world 55 low-income
food-deficit countries (LIFDCs)….
STATE OF INCOME POVERTY IN
OIC COUNTRIES ..1/2
1$/Day
1.25$/Day
2$/Day
15.6 % of OIC
population living on
less than 1$ a day
which is well above the
world average of
11.6% and developing
countries average of
11.7%
31% of OIC
population living
below the threshold of
1.25$ a day by
remaining quite above
the world average of
14% and developing
countries average of
17%
42% of OIC
population living
below the poverty
threshold of 2$ a day
compared to world
average of 36% and
developing countries
average of 37%
STATE OF INCOME POVERTY IN
OIC COUNTRIES ..2/2
…. 31% of OIC population living below the international poverty
threshold of 1.25$ a day… remaining quite above the world average of
14%....
….97.5% of OIC total population living below international poverty line
are living in member countries located in Sub-Saharan Africa (53.1% of
OIC total), South Asia (29.3% of OIC total) and East Asia & Pacific
(15.1% of OIC total)….
….One third of total population is living below the international
poverty line in 15 member countries .…14 of them from Sub-Saharan
Africa
STATE OF MULTI-DIMENSIONAL
POVERTY
….35% of OIC total population is multidimensional poor (accounting
for 29% of the world total multidimensional poor) compared to 30% in
the world and 28% in other developing countries.…
….83% of OIC total multidimensional poor are living in member
countries located in Sub-Saharan Africa (46% of OIC total) and South
Asia (37% of OIC total)….
….more than half of total population is multi-dimensionally poor in 19
member countries .…16 of them from Sub-Saharan Africa
SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF
POVERTY
FOOD
SECURITY
14.5% of total OIC
population is
undernourished (i.e.
161 million people
across OIC) compared
to world average of
12% ….37% of U5
children are stunted
and 23% are
underweight
EDUCATION
adult literacy rate of
73.3% compared to
world average of
80%....out of 100
women, only 67 can
read and write while 80
of male population are
literate
HEALTH
life expectancy at birth
is 65 year (3.5 years
shorter than the world)
…..one in every 20
children dies before
first birthday….one in
11 children dies before
fifth birthday
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !
ENHANCING
NATIONAL
CAPACITIES OF
OIC COUNTRIES IN
POVERTY STATISTICS
SESRIC
STATISTICAL, ECONOMIC AND
SOCIAL RESEARCH AND
TRAINING CENTRE FOR ISLAMIC
COUNTRIES
Mazhar Hussain
EGM on Enhancing Capacities in Poverty Statistics
7-8 August 2014, Ankara –Turkey
PART I: UNDERSTANDING THE
NATURE OF POVERTY ..1/3
1. Basic Concepts and Definitions
a. Income standards and welfare
b. Poverty
c. Inequality
….provides basic concepts and (alternative) definitions of
poverty and inequality…
PART I: UNDERSTANDING THE
NATURE OF POVERTY ..2/3
2. Poverty and Inequality Measures
a. Alternative measures of poverty and inequality
b. New tools for poverty evaluation
…. discusses traditional as well as newly developed
measures of poverty and inequality and ….how they differ
from each other……
PART I: UNDERSTANDING THE
NATURE OF POVERTY ..3/3
3. Socio-economic Impacts of Poverty and Inequality
a. Areas where the major impacts are observed
b. Factors channelling the impacts
…. discusses linkages between poverty and some major
socio-economic indicators like education, health, labour
market, agriculture, food security, and participation and
inclusion…and the factors channeling the impacts of
poverty like employment, prices, assets, transfers and taxes,
and access….
PART II: STATE OF POVERTY IN
OIC COUNTRIES ..1/4
4. Poverty Profile
a. Analysis of major poverty indicators
b. Linkages between growth and poverty
…. analyses the state of poverty in OIC countries based on
available data….also discusses the linkages between growth
and poverty….considered to be the single most important
factor influencing poverty….
PART II: STATE OF POVERTY IN
OIC COUNTRIES ..2/4
5. Causes of Poverty
a. Demographic dynamics
b. Economic dynamics
c. Environmental dynamics
d. Political dynamics
…. discusses the main causes of poverty in OIC countries by
highlighting the demographic, economic, environmental,
and political dynamics….and their role in poverty and
deprivation….
PART II: STATE OF POVERTY IN
OIC COUNTRIES ..3/4
6. Socio-economic Impacts of Poverty in OIC Countries
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
Education
Health
Population and environment
Employment
Food security
Participation
…. focuses on the consequences of being poor on education,
health, population and environment, employment, food
security, and community participation….
PART II: STATE OF POVERTY IN
OIC COUNTRIES ..4/4
7. Major Challenges in Poverty Alleviation
a. Access to basic services
b. Financial resources
c. Institutional capacity and political will
d. Climate change
…. discusses the major challenges faced in alleviating
poverty…. including access to basic services, availability of
financial resources, institutional capacity and political will,
and climate change….
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !