EVS PROJECT(Presentation)
on water pollution in rivers and Ganga Action plan
Group Members:Abhilash Jangir(y10uc012)
Yogesh Sharma,(y10uc366)
Nikhil Malpani,(y09uc257)
Sumit kumar(y10uc332)
• Why rivers are getting polluted?
• Types of water pollution in rivers…..
• Effects in future if India’s main rivers get
• What can we do …..
• Poem baseed on river Ganga….
• Conclusion………..and action plan for River
Why rivers are getting
• People's negligence towards the water
preservation and cleanliness.
• The industrial growth and increase in
population are the main causes
behind the degradation of water
quality across the world.
• The toxic elements discarded by
Industries and city sewage lead to
degradation in the quality of water of
• Dumping waste oil products into the
river or sea can lead to water
• Industrial waste products disposed to a river and sea
may contaminate the water.
• The contamination in the environment around the
Earth's surface can lead to Atmospheric Deposition.
We have already seen Acid Rains in some parts of
the world.
• Sewage and Waste Water:The sewage is many big cities carry all the household
wastes and Industrial wastes with it and dumps that
into a river.
Apart from these there are many human activities that
cause water pollution
Types of water pollution in
• 1. Point Source Pollution:If one can identify the exact source that causes the water pollution
then we call it as Point Source Water pollution. As for example,
pollution caused by the sewage of city can be considered as Point
Source Pollution.
• 2. Non-Point Source Pollution :As the name suggests Non-Point Source Pollution is the exact
opposite of Point Source Pollution. Here single source cannot be
identified as the cause of water pollution. There may be many
known and unknown sources that are causing the water pollution.
But, one ca not pin point what all sources are responsible for the
degradation of quality of water.
3. Surface Water Pollution:The contamination of surface water due to sewage,
industrial wastes is called as Surface Water Pollution.
The sources of surface water are rivers, lakes, seas,
oceans etc. The sources of water that exists on the
surface of the Earth called as Surface Water sources. If
these sources are get polluted then such type of pollution
is called as Surface Water Pollution.
4. Ground Water Pollution:As the name suggests ground water is the water that is
in the heart of the Earth. They lay hundreds of feet
below the surface of the Earth. The water of rain is
absolved by the soil and lay beneath the ground.
Ground water is used as drinking water in most of the
parts of the world. If the ground water gets polluted
then such pollution is known as Ground Water
Effects in future if India’s main
rivers get polluted…..
• Damage to the cultivation of Crops.
• Unavailability of pure water for
drinking and other purposes
• Danger to the marine life
• Health related problems
- Acid rain
- Produced crops can be polluted as well
- Damage to the forests and trees
- Affect the animals that drink water in a river or
- Polluted water can cause diseases like cancer or
heart complications.
What can we do …..
• Educating people about the importance of rivers
• Introducing Strict Laws to punish the people
who pollute river water.
• Investing in the Cleaning of Polluted Water
• Charging people who pollute water
• Fertilize garden and yard plants with manure or
compost instead of commercial inorganic fertilizer.
• Minimize our use of pesticides.
• Do not apply fertilizer or pesticides near a body of
• Grow or buy organic foods.
• Do not drink bottled water unless tests show that
your tap water is contaminated. Merely refill and
reuse plastic bottles with tap water.
• All states should work together
• The sewage water should be cleaned before
disposing into the river.
• Compost our food wastes.
• Do not use water fresheners in toilets.
• Do not flush unwanted medicines down the
• Do not pour pesticides, paints, solvents, oil,
antifreeze, or other products containing harmful
chemicals down the drain or into the river.
Voice Of GANGA
Mai Ganga nikal Himalay se,
Dharti ki goad me bah rhi,
Dharti ko khushal mai kar
Na koi mera swarth…
Na koi meri ichchha..
Phir bhi mai bah rh.
Mai ganga nikal himalay se bah
Dekhi hai maine sabhytayein
Bante bigdate ..
Apne me dabaye baithi hun na
Jane raj kitne.
Jod rhi hun ateet ko vartman
Dharm ko dharm se…
Insaan ko insaan se,
Lekin na jane kyun aaj insaan
Apne swarth me mujhko bhool
gya hai.
Mujhe mata ka darja dekar
kyun bhool gya hai.
Kya mera ant hi mera
bhavishay hai
Mai ganga aaj poochh rahi hun
Conclusion and Ganga action plan
• Rivers are the most precious Gift that the nature
has given to the mankind. No life can be imaged
if there would be no water(river). It is the sole
duty of each and every person the prevent this
indispensable resource from getting polluted. If
we don't take this seriously, the existence of
Human Beings will become a History on this
Ganga Action plan
• Ganga is not an ordinary river. It is a life-line, a
symbol of purity and virtue for countless
people of India. Ganga is a representative of all
other rivers in India. Millions of Ganga devotees
and lovers still throng to the river just to have a
holy dip. We Indians are raised to consider
Ganga as a goddess, as sacred.
Map of India Showing River Ganga
Ganga is a perennial
river which originates
as a stream called
“Bhagirathi” from
Gaumukh in the
Gangotri glacier at 30 °
55' N, 79 ° 7' E, some
4100 m above mean sea
level. Ganga river basin
is the largest among
river basins in India and
the fourth largest
in the world.
Ganga Today
• The Ganga today is more polluted than when the
Ganga Action Plan was first initiated.
• The fast shrinking glaciers, dams, barrages,
canals and alarmingly high volume of pollution
pose an ever increasing threat to the health and
life of the river.
About GAP
• At the time of launching, the main objective of
GAP was to improve the water quality of Ganga
to acceptable standards by preventing the
pollution load reaching the river.
• the objective of GAP was recast as restoring the
river water quality to the 'Bathing Class'
which is as follows:
BOD 3 mg/l max.
DO 5 mg/l min.
Total Coliform MPN 10,000/100 ml
Faecal Coliform MPN 2,500/100 ml
Monitoring Mechanism at the State
• The progress monitoring by a team of field engineers on
day to day basis.
• Monthly review of progress by the Chief Executive of the
nodal implementing agency.
• Citizens’ Monitoring Committee in each town to review
the progress and provide inputs for public participation
and involvement. inputs for public participation and
• Periodical review by the Divisional Project Monitoring
• Periodical review of progress by a State Steering
Committee chaired by the concerned Chief
• Overall periodical review by a High Powered
Committee under the Chairmanship of Chief
Monitoring Mechanism for central gov.
• Regular interaction and review by NRCD
officials including frequent site visits. Regular
review by NRCD Project Director.
• Quarterly review of progress by a Steering
Committee headed by Secretary of the Ministry.
Chief Secretaries of the concerned States and
experts in the Public Health Engineering and
other related areas are the members of this
• Quarterly review of progress of scientific and
technical aspects of the programme as well as
the impact of works on the river water quality by
a Monitoring Committee headed by Member
Environment, Planning Commission.
• Quarterly review by a Standing Committee
headed by the Union Minister of Environment &
• Regular meeting of the State Steering Committee
needs to be conducted with inputs provided by
local level committees to strengthen the
monitoring mechanism.
• The local level citizens’ monitoring committees
need to meet at regular interval.
• The reporting system and flow of information
from State Governments need to be activated
and synergies built with implementing agencies
and Central Government.
• The State Governments must also put in place a
mechanism to carry out third party evaluation of
projects from time to time.
Can we not clean Ganga..?
• A massive campaign “Can we not clean
Ganga?”should be launched. This question must
reach every Indian.
• Ganga can be cleaned, if the central leadership takes
up the issue seriously with the States of
Uttarakhand, UP, Bihar and WB. UP stretch of the
river is important. Now we’ve a stable government
in UP headed by a Chief Minister who can get the
things done if she so desires. Recently Uttarakhand
Chief Minister held a meeting and constituted a
Committee for cleaning the river. The UP and
Uttarakhand stretches can be taken up on priority.
Other stretches can be taken up later.
• Water quality monitoring system needs to be
• A Ganga Restoration Plan with an independent
institutional mechanism, a full time Ganga
Restoration Authority like National Highway
Authority to carry out the clearly defined goals
in a definite time frame.
• The focus should be on visual pollution. The
river should be made visually clean and the
riverfront should be beautified.
• Governments should take preventive measures first
which do not require funds.
• A Ganga Restoration Fund should be constituted.
• River bed farming, poaching of turtles, dolphins
and fishing should be banned.
• No more colonization of Ganga land for
urbanization and industrialization should be allowed.