Step Up To:
Psychology
John J. Schulte, Psy.D.
&
Jason S. Spiegelman, M.A., ABD
From: Hockenbury &
Hockenbury
Discovering Psychology 5e
Worth Publishers (2010)
Chapter 13: Psychological Disorders
Mood Disorders:
Emotions Gone Awry
Anxiety Disorders:
Intense Apprehension
and Worry
Understanding
Psychological
Disorders
Eating Disorders
and Personality
Disorders
Dissociative
Disorders and
Schizophrenia
Understanding
Psychological Disorders
500
400
300
200
100
Anxiety Disorders: Intense
Apprehension and Worry
500
400
300
200
100
Mood Disorders:
Emotions Gone Awry
500
400
300
200
100
Eating Disorders and
Personality Disorders
500
400
300
200
100
Dissociative Disorders
and Schizophrenia
500
400
300
200
100
1. A psychological or mental disorder
involves behavior that includes
which of the following features?
• A) It makes other people uncomfortable
in a majority of situations
• B) It deviates from social norms and
customs
• C) It carries the risk of personal harm
• D) It causes personal distress and/or
impairs daily functioning
2. The book that officially classifies
all of the different psychological
disorders is the:
•
•
•
•
A) APA-Dx
B) DSM-IV-TR
C) ICD-10
D) NCS-R
3. According to the NCS-R, almost one
out of ____ adults experienced the
symptoms of a psychological
disorder at some point in the past
year.
•
•
•
•
A) 2
B) 3
C) 4
D) 5
4. According to the NCS-R, which of the
following disorders typically has the
earliest onset?
•
•
•
•
A) anxiety
B) mood
C) eating
D) substance use
5. Which of the following is not a
misconception about psychological
disorders that is dispelled by the
chapter in your textbook?
• A) “Crazy” behavior is very different than
“normal” behavior
• B) There is a strong social stigma attached to
having a psychological disorder
• C) Any behavior that is “weird” or “unusual” is
pathological
• D) Most psychological disorders improve with
properly prescribed medication
6. Which of the following is not one of the
features that distinguishes “normal”
from “pathological” anxiety?
•
•
•
•
A) The anxiety is irrational
B) The anxiety is uncontrollable
C) The anxiety is disruptive
D) The anxiety is internally expressed
7. Generalized anxiety disorder is
sometimes referred to as:
•
•
•
•
A) acute stress disorder
B) chronic stress disorder
C) free-floating anxiety
D) nonspecific target anxiety
8. Before she goes to bed each night,
Lisa has to check and recheck each
door and window lock at least 5
times. This is an example of a(n):
•
•
•
•
A) specific phobia
B) panic attack
C) obsession
D) compulsion
9. Which researcher is credited with
proposing the triple vulnerabilities
model to explain panic disorder?
•
•
•
•
A) Elizabeth Moskel
B) David Barlow
C) Win-Yen Tsai
D) Thomas Martinez
10. A culture-specific anxiety disorder,
unique to Japanese individuals, involves
a fear that ones appearance, smell, or
other personal attributes will offend or
insult other people, is called:
•
•
•
•
A) koro
B) amok
C) taijin kyofusho
D) windigo
11. Which of the following is not an example
of a person who is likely to be suffering
from major depression?
• A) Bob, who does not make eye contact
and feels hopeless
• B) Jamie, who is preoccupied with death
and only sleeps three hours per day
• C) Steve, who can’t sleep because his
father died a couple days ago
• D) Mary, who has had a loss of appetite
and can’t stop crying
12. Without treatment, those who have
been through one episode of major
depression:
• A) have greater than a 50% chance
of having another episode
• B) are unlikely to have another
occurrence within the next 5 years
• C) learn to cope with their
depression
• D) usually commit suicide within the
next year
13. __________ is to major depression as
__________ is to bipolar disorder.
•
•
•
•
A) Sadness; happiness
B) Acute; chronic
C) Pessimism; optimism
D) Dysthymia; cyclothymia
14. A diagnosis of major depressive disorder
requires symptoms that last at least
_______, while a diagnosis of dysthymic
disorder requires symptoms that last at
least _______.
•
•
•
•
A) six months; one year
B) two weeks; two years
C) one month; six months
D) two months; one year
15. The drug lithium is usually the drug
of choice for bipolar disorder
because it regulates:
•
•
•
•
A) norepinephrine
B) serotonin
C) stress hormones
D) glutamate
16. Showing little or no remorse, the person
with ________ personality disorder will
frequently deceive or manipulate others
for his/her own personal gain.
•
•
•
•
A) borderline
B) antisocial
C) schizotypal
D) histrionic
17. Which of the following is not one of
the diagnostic symptoms of anorexia
nervosa?
• A) the cessation of menstrual cycles in
women
• B) a refusal to maintain a body weight
of at least 85% of normal
• C) an extreme fear of gaining weight
• D) engaging in self-induced vomiting to
reduce weight from consumed calories
18. An individual with this personality
disorder lacks control over their impulses
and is most likely to harm him/her self.
•
•
•
•
A) multiple personality disorder
B) antisocial personality disorder
C) paranoid personality disorder
D) borderline personality disorder
19. Which of the following diagnoses no
longer appears in the DSM-IV-TR as a
personality disorder?
•
•
•
•
A) passive-aggressive personality disorder
B) avoidant personality disorder
C) dependent personality disorder
D) schizoid personality disorder
20. Which of the following statements about a
sufferer of bulimia nervosa is incorrect?
• A) Unlike an anorexic person, this
individual is likely to be male
• B) This person engages in binge
episodes at least twice a week
• C) This person always follows a binge
with self-induced vomiting
• D) This person can consume as many
as five thousand calories at one sitting
21. A false belief that is strongly held
in spite of compelling
contradictory evidence is:
•
•
•
•
A) a catatonic frenzy
B) a hallucination
C) a delusion
D) disorganized thinking
22. Which of the following sensory
systems cannot be affected by
hallucinations?
•
•
•
•
A) Taste
B) Touch
C) Smell
D) An hallucination can
involve any of the sensory
systems.
23. In this disorder, the individual will have
many personalities, holding separate
memories, emotions, and motives.
•
•
•
•
A) multiple personality disorder
B) dissociative identity disorder
C) dissociative fugue
D) schizophrenia
24. Researchers have a problem with the
“traumatic memory” explanation of
dissociative identity disorder because:
• A) just the opposite effect occurs in
most trauma victims
• B) most DID patients do not report
early abuse
• C) trauma victims usually repress
memories but do not develop DID
• D) none of the above are true
25. The fact that amphetamines and cocaine
produce schizophrenia-like symptoms
gives support for the ________
explanation schizophrenia.
•
•
•
•
A) frontal lobe
B) dopamine hypothesis
C) loss of gray matter
D) viral infection theory
Stop here, or continue as a review
1. A psychological or mental disorder
involves behavior that includes
which of the following features?
• A) It makes other people uncomfortable
in a majority of situations
• B) It deviates from social norms and
customs
• C) It carries the risk of personal harm
• D) It causes personal distress and/or
impairs daily functioning
2. The book that officially classifies
all of the different psychological
disorders is the:
•
•
•
•
A) APA-Dx
B) DSM-IV-TR
C) ICD-10
D) NCS-R
3. According to the NCS-R, almost one
out of ____ adults experienced the
symptoms of a psychological
disorder at some point in the past
year.
•
•
•
•
A) 2
B) 3
C) 4
D) 5
4. According to the NCS-R, which of the
following disorders typically has the
earliest onset?
•
•
•
•
A) anxiety
B) mood
C) eating
D) substance use
5. Which of the following is not a
misconception about psychological
disorders that is dispelled by the
chapter in your textbook?
• A) “Crazy” behavior is very different than
“normal” behavior
• B) There is a strong social stigma attached to
having a psychological disorder
• C) Any behavior that is “weird” or “unusual” is
pathological
• D) Most psychological disorders improve with
properly prescribed medication
6. Which of the following is not one of the
features that distinguishes “normal”
from “pathological” anxiety?
•
•
•
•
A) The anxiety is irrational
B) The anxiety is uncontrollable
C) The anxiety is disruptive
D) The anxiety is internally expressed
7. Generalized anxiety disorder is
sometimes referred to as:
•
•
•
•
A) acute stress disorder
B) chronic stress disorder
C) free-floating anxiety
D) nonspecific target anxiety
8. Before she goes to bed each night,
Lisa has to check and recheck each
door and window lock at least 5
times. This is an example of a(n):
•
•
•
•
A) specific phobia
B) panic attack
C) obsession
D) compulsion
9. Which researcher is credited with
proposing the triple vulnerabilities
model to explain panic disorder?
•
•
•
•
A) Elizabeth Moskel
B) David Barlow
C) Win-Yen Tsai
D) Thomas Martinez
10. A culture-specific anxiety disorder,
unique to Japanese individuals, involves
a fear that ones appearance, smell, or
other personal attributes will offend or
insult other people, is called:
•
•
•
•
A) koro
B) amok
C) taijin kyofusho
D) windigo
11. Which of the following is not an example
of a person who is likely to be suffering
from major depression?
• A) Bob, who does not make eye contact
and feels hopeless
• B) Jamie, who is preoccupied with death
and only sleeps three hours per day
• C) Steve, who can’t sleep because his
father died a couple days ago
• D) Mary, who has had a loss of appetite
and can’t stop crying
12. Without treatment, those who have
been through one episode of major
depression:
• A) have greater than a 50% chance
of having another episode
• B) are unlikely to have another
occurrence within the next 5 years
• C) learn to cope with their
depression
• D) usually commit suicide within the
next year
13. __________ is to major depression as
__________ is to bipolar disorder.
•
•
•
•
A) Sadness; happiness
B) Acute; chronic
C) Pessimism; optimism
D) Dysthymia; cyclothymia
14. A diagnosis of major depressive disorder
requires symptoms that last at least
_______, while a diagnosis of dysthymic
disorder requires symptoms that last at
least _______.
•
•
•
•
A) six months; one year
B) two weeks; two years
C) one month; six months
D) two months; one year
15. The drug lithium is usually the drug
of choice for bipolar disorder
because it regulates:
•
•
•
•
A) norepinephrine
B) serotonin
C) stress hormones
D) glutamate
16. Showing little or no remorse, the person
with ________ personality disorder will
frequently deceive or manipulate others
for his/her own personal gain.
•
•
•
•
A) borderline
B) antisocial
C) schizotypal
D) histrionic
17. Which of the following is not one of
the diagnostic symptoms of anorexia
nervosa?
• A) the cessation of menstrual cycles in
women
• B) a refusal to maintain a body weight
of at least 85% of normal
• C) an extreme fear of gaining weight
• D) engaging in self-induced vomiting to
reduce weight from consumed calories
18. An individual with this personality
disorder lacks control over their impulses
and is most likely to harm him/her self.
•
•
•
•
A) multiple personality disorder
B) antisocial personality disorder
C) paranoid personality disorder
D) borderline personality disorder
19. Which of the following diagnoses no
longer appears in the DSM-IV-TR as a
personality disorder?
•
•
•
•
A) passive-aggressive personality disorder
B) avoidant personality disorder
C) dependent personality disorder
D) schizoid personality disorder
20. Which of the following statements about a
sufferer of bulimia nervosa is incorrect?
• A) Unlike an anorexic person, this
individual is likely to be male
• B) This person engages in binge
episodes at least twice a week
• C) This person always follows a binge
with self-induced vomiting
• D) This person can consume as many
as five thousand calories at one sitting
21. A false belief that is strongly held
in spite of compelling
contradictory evidence is:
•
•
•
•
A) a catatonic frenzy
B) a hallucination
C) a delusion
D) disorganized thinking
22. Which of the following sensory
systems cannot be affected by
hallucinations?
•
•
•
•
A) Taste
B) Touch
C) Smell
D) An hallucination can
involve any of the sensory
systems.
23. In this disorder, the individual will have
many personalities, holding separate
memories, emotions, and motives.
•
•
•
•
A) multiple personality disorder
B) dissociative identity disorder
C) dissociative fugue
D) schizophrenia
24. Researchers have a problem with the
“traumatic memory” explanation of
dissociative identity disorder because:
• A) just the opposite effect occurs in
most trauma victims
• B) most DID patients do not report
early abuse
• C) trauma victims usually repress
memories but do not develop DID
• D) none of the above are true
25. The fact that amphetamines and cocaine
produce schizophrenia-like symptoms
gives support for the ________
explanation schizophrenia.
•
•
•
•
A) frontal lobe
B) dopamine hypothesis
C) loss of gray matter
D) viral infection theory
Acknowledgments
• Step Up Created by:
John J. Schulte, Psy.D.
• Questions written by:
Jason S. Spiegelman, M.A., ABD
• Based on Discovering
Psychology 5e by
Hockenbury & Hockenbury
• Published by Worth
Publishers, 2010
Answers
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
D
B
C
A
D
D
C
D
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
B
C
C
A
D
B
D
B
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
D
D
A
C
C
D
B
A
25. B