P SYCHOLOGICAL
ASPECTS OF ILLNESS
AND WELL - BEING
Justina Jurcevičiūtė PSbns0-02
CONTENT
1.
2.
3.
Coronary Heart Disease
Cancer
Smoking
VOCABULARY





Exaggerate – to make something seem better,
larger, worse etc than it really is.
Arouse – to make someone have a particular
feeling.
Hostility – unfriendly feelings or behaviour.
Tumour – a group of disease cells in someone’s
body that grow too quickly
Tissue – the material forming animal or plant
cells.
CORONARY HEART DISEASE (CHD)
CHD, the most common type of
coronary disease, which has no
clear etiology, has many risk
factors, including smoking,
radiotherapy to the chest,
hypertension, obesity, diabetes,
having a Type A behavior
pattern and hyperlipidemia.
Type A behavior
pattern
Type B behavior
pattern
Hostility
Competitiveness
Time urgency
Feeling driven
Patience
Cooperativeness
Noncompetitive manner
Nonaggressive manner
HOSTILITY
CHD
Increase in
heart rate
and blood
Epinephrine,
norepinephrine pressure
Excessive
psychological
arousal
Hostility
CANCER
Cancer is a class of
diseases in which a
group of cells display
uncontrolled growth,
invasion that intrudes
upon and destroys
adjacent tissues, and
sometimes metastasis,
or spreading to other
locations in the body
via lymph or blood.
Percentage of patients alive or dead ten
years after the operation
SURVEY
SMOKING
Smoking is a practice
in which a substance,
most commonly
tobacco or cannabis, is
burned and the smoke
is tasted or inhaled.
Smoking is linked to:
 Cancer,
 Heart attacks,
 Strokes,
 Bronchitis,
 Emphysema.
Smoking
Most smokers agree with the
statement “Cigarette smoking
frequently causes disease and
death”.
 Almost three - quarters of the 48
million smokers in the USA say
they would like to quit.
 Worldwide, close to 5 million
people die each year from the
effects of smoking.

THINGS, WHICH INDUCE PEOPLE TO SMOKE:
1. Society and culture
1.1. Art
1.2. Music
1.3.Film
1.4. Literature
1.5. Economics
2. Thinking, that it’s not
addictive
3. Friends pressure
4. Rebellion or defiance
against their parents
or people of authority.
CONCLUSION
Psychosomatic medicine is an
interdisciplinary medical field studying the
relationships of social, psychological, and
behavioral factors on bodily processes and
well-being in humans and animals. The
influence that the mind has over physical
processes — including the manifestations of
physical disabilities that are based on
intellectual infirmities, rather than actual
injuries or physical limitations — is
manifested in treatment by phrases such as
the power of suggestion, the use of "positive
thinking" and concepts like "mind over
matter".
REFERENCES
R. Feldman, “Understanding Psychology”, New
York , 2008
Active study dictionary, Longman, UK, 2005
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coronary_disease
http://www.helpwithsmoking.com/why-peoplesmoke.php
Pictures:
http://www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/4220313654.html
http://www.dhss.delaware.gov/dhss/dph/dpc/smoki
ng05.html
All watched at 2011.02.03
T H AN K Y O U ,
FO R YO UR ATTENTIO N
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Psychological aspects of illness and well